• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

In terms of media and communication history, we are arguably in the midst of a social media paradigm. Well-known platforms like Twitter and Facebook have gone from being viewed as mere sites of teenage distraction to becoming embedded ICT infrastructure in mainstream organisations across the society, culture, and economy; such platforms, their uses, and their politics are increasingly entangled with everyday life, work, and relationships. For the past decade there has been a burgeoning interest in social media. This highly international Handbook addresses the most significant research themes, methodological approaches and debates in this field via substantial chapters specially commissioned from leading scholars coming from a range of disciplinary perspectives centered on but extending beyond the social sciences and humanities. Part One: Histories and Pre-Histories ...

Alternative Social Media: From Critique to Code
Alternative social media: From critique to code
Robert W. Gehl

It's common to start any essay on social media with numbers, especially total numbers of users, as a means to establish their significance. So I will do the same here. These are the estimated registered members of several social networks:

  • Ello: over 2,000,000
  • *diaspora: 602,795
  • Twister: 80,493
  • GNU social: 25,8231

For anyone with a passing familiarity with the size of the user bases of Facebook, Twitter, Google+, or Pinterest, these numbers are not particularly impressive. However, for students of social media, these estimated numbers tell us that there is life outside the walls of the dominant social media platforms. Ello, *diaspora, Twister, and GNU social are part of ...

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