The SAGE Handbook of Research Management

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Edited by: Robert Dingwall & Mary Byrne McDonnell

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  • Part I:   GETTING STARTED

    Part II:   DEVELOPING THE PROPOSAL

    Part III:   GETTING ORGANIZED

    Part IV:   MANAGING IN DIFFERENT ENVIRONMENTS

    Part V:   MANAGING THE PEOPLE

    Part VI:   PLANNING FOR IMPACT

    Part VII:   DELIVERING IMPACT

    Part VIII:   BEYOND THE CURRENT PROJECT

  • Copyright

    Notes on the Editors and Contributors

    THE EDITORS

    Robert Dingwall is a consulting sociologist in private practice and a part-time professor at Nottingham Trent University. He received an MA in social and political science from the University of Cambridge and a PhD in medical sociology from the University of Aberdeen, where he worked in a Medical Research Council unit. He joined the Centre for Socio-Legal Studies at the University of Oxford in 1977, where he remained until moving to the University of Nottingham in 1990 as Professor of Sociology. After a term as department chair, he founded and directed the Institute for Science and Society, which became recognized as one of the leading European centres for science and technology studies. Following university restructuring in 2010, he left to establish his own consulting company, undertaking a variety of research, writing and editorial projects. He is a Fellow of the Academy of Social Sciences, where he is currently a Council member, and an Honorary Member of the Faculty of Public Health. His experience includes various offices with learned societies in the UK, the US and Europe and he is currently chair of the Bioscience for Society Strategy Panel for the UK Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council. In the course of his career, he has been principal or co-investigator on grants from most UK Research Councils, several UK government departments and major UK foundations, including the Wellcome and Leverhulme Trusts and the Nuffield Foundation.

    Mary Byrne McDonnell is executive director and chief operating officer of the Social Science Research Council and leads the Council's capacity strengthening, fellowships, and Asia-focused work. McDonnell has a PhD in history and master's degrees in both international affairs and journalism from Columbia University. She worked as a journalist covering Asian and Middle Eastern affairs before joining the Council full time in 1986, where she became founding director of the Abe Fellowship and Vietnam Programs. She is currently leading a decade-long, qualitative and quantitative assessment of population health in rural Vietnam. She has authored and edited numerous publications, most recently a case study of injury prevention in Vietnam in Structural Approaches in Public Health, edited by Marni Sommer and Richard Parker (Routledge, May 2013). This provides a lens on creating achievable policy and behavioural change and offers lessons for other public health interventions while demonstrating the power of evaluation as a tool for strategic learning. McDonnell chairs the Board of Trustees of the School for Social Development and Public Policy at Beijing Normal University and serves on the advisory board of the Mobilising the Humanities project of the British Council. She is also a founding member of the board of a new NGO, Resources for Health Equity.

    THE AUTHORS

    Robert J. Anderson Having retired as CEO of University Campus Suffolk, Robert is now an Associate of the Horizon Digital Research group based at the University of Nottingham. For 20+ years prior to retirement, Robert was engaged with managerial roles, first as Director of the Xerox Research Laboratory in Cambridge, then as Pro Vice Chancellor for Research and Business Development at Sheffield Hallam University, and finally at University Campus Suffolk. He gained a wealth of experience in overseeing the establishment, management and growth of research and other development programmes. When Robert was an active researcher, Wes Sharrock, John Hughes and he undertook what have become classic ethnomethodological investigations. These included an entrepreneurial firm, the London Air Traffic Control Centre, and Xerox itself. Whilst at Xerox, Robert was one of the leading proponents of the use of ethnographic approaches to data collection in the design and development of advanced systems, and was responsible for a worldwide portfolio of research activities focused on developing this area.

    Enrique Desmond Arias is Associate Professor of Public Policy at George Mason University. He earned his PhD at the University of Wisconsin Madison in 2001. His research interests concern social mobilization, the politics of crime, human rights, and security in developing societies. He is the author of Drugs and Democracy in Rio de Janeiro: Trafficking, Social Networks, and Public Security (University of North Carolina, 2006) and is the co-editor of Violent Democracies in Latin America (Duke University Press, 2010). The United States Fulbright Commission, the Harry Frank Guggenheim Foundation, and the National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism funded this research. His writings have appeared in the Journal of Latin American Studies, Latin American Politics and Society, Qualitative Sociology, Studies in Comparative International Development, Policing and Society, and Comparative Politics.

    Mary-Lea Awanohara is the Director of Communications for the School of Social Work at Columbia University. She previously worked in Columbia's central office of communications and has held communications posts in several academic organizations, including the Social Science Research Council, the Carnegie Council for Ethics in International Affairs, and the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars. As an adjunct professor for Columbia University's School of International and Public Affairs, she designed and taught courses in Web writing and communications. She has a BA in English from Duke University; an MA and PhD from the University of Essex in the UK, with an award-winning thesis on women, politics and Shakespeare; and a certificate in digital filmmaking from the New York Film Academy. She is a founding member of the collective blog The Displaced Nation, designed to celebrate the works of international creatives, and frequently serves as a judge for Web entries in a nationwide communications contest.

    Frank Baldwin, PhD, represented the Social Science Research Council in Japan and is an independent researcher. He has edited two multi-author volumes and worked on many more. He is co-editor of Japan: The Precarious Future (forthcoming) and his translations include Haruki Wada's The Korean War (Rowman & Littlefield, 2013).

    Rajika Bhandari , Deputy Vice President of Research and Evaluation, provides strategic oversight of IIE's research and evaluation activities in the field of international higher education mobility. She directs The Institute of International Education's Center for Academic Mobility Research. Dr Bhandari serves on several international advisory groups, and is a frequent speaker and widely published author on global student mobility. She also leads programme evaluations of international scholarship and fellowship programmes in higher education for IIE and for external clients. Prior to joining IIE, Dr Bhandari was a Senior Researcher at MPR Associates, an educational research firm in California. She also served as the Assistant Director for Evaluation at the Mathematics and Science Education Network at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. She holds a doctoral degree in psychology from North Carolina State University and a BA (Honours) in Psychology from the University of Delhi, India.

    Ivy Lynn Bourgeault , PhD, is a Professor in the Telfer School of Management at the University of Ottawa and the Canadian Institutes of Health Research Chair in Gender, Work and Health Human Resource Policy. She coordinates the Pan-Canadian Health Human Resources Network. She has garnered an international reputation for her research on health professions, health policy and women's health.

    Charles Burress worked as a reporter and editor for the San Francisco Chronicle for 25 years and served nearly four years as an editor for Patch.com, the national network of local news sites formerly owned by AOL. His freelance articles have appeared in the Los Angeles Times, Newsday, Chicago Tribune, California magazine, Japanese Newsweek, Japan Times and many other publications. He taught as a lecturer in the Graduate School of Journalism at the University of California at Berkeley and has received numerous journalism awards and several fellowships, including two Fulbright scholarships. In 2014, he began working in the Office of the Mayor in Berkeley, California, where his duties include communications with the press. He holds a Master's degree in journalism from UC Berkeley and a bachelor's degree in government from Harvard.

    Josefina J. Card is Founder and President of Sociometrics Corporation, is a nationally recognized social scientist and an expert in translating the latest social and behavioural research findings into products and services that promote health and prevent disease. She received her AB Mathematics degree summa cum laude from Maryknoll College in 1966. She went on to get a PhD in Social Psychology from the Graduate School of Industrial Administration, Carnegie-Mellon University, Pittsburgh, in 1971. Dr Card has served as Principal Investigator of over 80 research-to-practice R&D projects, most of them funded by the US National Institutes of Health. Alongside her track record as a project manager, Dr Card has established a solid track record as a health and population scientist. She has authored over 90 books, monographs and journal articles. Her work is noted for its integration of behavioural, social, psychological and demographic perspectives. Throughout her career Dr Card has recognized the importance of communicating scientific findings both to scientists as well as to other professionals (health care providers, policymakers, health practitioners) and lay citizens who could benefit from the body of knowledge. Dr Card has also devoted a significant portion of her career to facilitating the development and scientific evaluation of social intervention programmes. She has served as a member of many federal advisory committees, including the NIH (National Institutes of Health) Study Section for Social Sciences and Population, the NICHD (National Institute on Child Health and Human Development) Population Research Committee, and the NICHD Advisory Council.

    Graeme Currie is currently Professor of Public Management at Warwick Business School. He previously worked at Nottingham University Business School as Professor of Public Services Management, where he was Director of a large scale translational health research institute, funded by the National Institute of Health Research. He obtained his PhD from Nottingham University Business School and Doctorate in Science from the University of Warwick. His main areas of academic expertise in public management relate to: leadership and governance; knowledge mobilization; translation of innovation; re-engineering health and social care systems; and professional roles. He has published over 60 articles in peer-reviewed academic journals, including the Academy of Management Journal, Journal of Management Studies, Leadership Quarterly, and Organization Studies. Public services domains covered by his research include healthcare, education, local government and police. Graeme is an engaged scholar, who brings together networks of senior professionals and managers, developed through close working with public services organizations. He faces off externally from his academic specialism of organization studies to other disciplines within the business school, and between the business school and other schools, notably the medical school. In a previous life, prior to becoming an academic, Graeme worked in human resource management and organization development for Rover Cars and the National Health Service.

    Barbara Czarniawska is Professor of Management Studies at GRI, School of Business, Economics and Law at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden. Doctor honoris causa at Stockholm School of Economics, Copenhagen Business School and Helsinki School of Economics, she is a member of the Swedish Royal Academy of Sciences, the Swedish Royal Engineering Academy, the Royal Society of Art and Sciences in Gothenburg and Societas Scientiarum Fennica. Czarniawska takes a feminist and constructionist perspective on organizing, recently exploring the connections between popular culture and practice of management, and the organization of the news production. She is interested in methodology, especially in techniques of fieldwork and in the application of narratology to organization studies.

    Sophie Dale-Black is an engagement and operations management professional with experience of working in interdisciplinary research environments within the UK higher education sector. Sophie completed her PhD and a postdoctoral research position in X-ray crystallography before joining a pharmaceutical consultancy. She managed the Bridging the Gaps programme at the University of Nottingham, drawing together new collaborations across a wide variety of disciplines. Sophie moved to become Director of Operations for the Horizon Digital Economy Research Institute, which focused on digital technologies and their use. She then joined Loughborough University as Head of Engagement, overseeing the engagement of national stakeholders in a healthcare manufacturing research centre. Sophie has 70 research publications and has developed a public engagement programme in the area of stem cells and regenerative medicine. Recently, Sophie joined Innovate UK, the UK's innovation agency, where her work involves supporting the growth of UK companies in the life sciences sector. She has also become an assessor for research management and administration qualifications.

    Michael Davis (PhD, University of Michigan, 1972) is Senior Fellow at the Center for the Study of Ethics in the Professions, and Professor of Philosophy, Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago. Before coming to IIT in 1986, he taught at Case Western Reserve, Illinois State, and the University of Illinois at Chicago. Since 1991, he has held – among other grants – four from the National Science Foundation to integrate ethics into technical courses. Davis has published more than 200 articles (and chapters) and authored seven books, including: Thinking Like an Engineer (Oxford, 1998); Ethics and the University (Routledge, 1999); and Profession, Code, and Ethics (Ashgate, 2002). He has also edited or co-edited five other books: Ethics and the Legal Professions (Prometheus, 1986); AIDS: Crisis in Professional Ethics (Temple, 1994); Conflict of Interest in the Professions (Oxford, 2001); Engineering Ethics (Ashgate, 2005); and Ethics and the Legal Profession, 2nd edn (2009).

    Anil B. Deolalikar is Professor of Economics and Founding Dean of the School of Public Policy at the University of California, Riverside. He taught previously at the University of Washington, University of Pennsylvania and Harvard University.

    Josh DeWind has been a Program Director at the Social Science Research Council since 1994. He has been involved in the management of multi-member, quantitative and qualitative, local and international research projects on topics related to migration, refugees, development, housing, ethnicity, religion, education, farm workers, human rights, policy implementation, and other topics. He obtained a PhD in Anthropology from Columbia University in 1977 and was Professor of Anthropology at Hunter College, City University of New York 1989–2001.

    Sarah Dyer is a Senior Lecturer in Human Geography at Exeter University. Before her current job she worked as a researcher on an ESRC-funded project (Oxford University) before holding a Hallsworth Research Fellowship (Manchester University). She has research interests in Higher Education and contemporary work and employment, with particular reference to work/life balance and gender.

    Maxime Forest is Associate Researcher and Lecturer at Sciences Po Paris, and Scientific Coordinator of the EU-funded EGERA project (Effective Gender Equality in Research and the Academia, 2014–2017). Holding a PhD in Political Science, he has a rich record of publications in peer-reviewed journals and international publishers on gender and anti-discrimination policies. In 2012, he co-edited with Emanuela Lombardo The Europeanization of Gender Equality Policies: A Discursive and Sociological Approach (Palgrave-Macmillan). Especially interested in the issues of women in science and gender in research, he serves as a policy adviser on gender equality issues at the French Ministry of Higher Education and Research and an executive member of the French High Gender Equality Council. He is also involved in consultancy and training activities on gender in science and the academia for Yellow Window, a Belgium-based company regularly contracted by the EU Commission to provide expertise in that field.

    J. Robert Gutierrez is Director of Research Support at the New School, a university in New York City. He directs a central research-support and sponsored-projects administrative unit focused on the support of funded faculty research across the social sciences, humanities and design and technology fields. Previously at the Institute of International Education, he served as Key Research Personnel and Senior Manager on a number of funded research studies on academic student and scholar mobility trends, branch campuses and national policies for increasing internationalization and exchange. His professional and academic experience is in research development and non-profit and higher education administration in both domestic and international settings. He holds an MSc in Public Policy and Management from Carnegie Mellon University and a BA in English from the University of Notre Dame.

    Michael Hewitt (BSc (Hons), MSc, MBA, PhD) has worked in health services related research and research management for over 25 years. His research interests focus on the evaluation of innovation programmes in healthcare settings, and research impact and research strategies in public sector organizations. In 2010 he established a research consultancy business offering research and evaluation services to public sector clients. He also holds an Associate Lecturer post at Nottingham Trent University, teaching Quantitative Methods to Business Management degree students.

    Maja Horst , PhD, is Professor and Head of the Department of Media, Cognition and Communication at the University of Copenhagen. Previously, she worked as Associate Professor at Copenhagen Business School. Besides managing the department, which has one hundred academic staff, she is also an active researcher. She has published extensively on science communication and public engagement with science, and has directed research projects on scientific social responsibility, research management, and risk and the public understanding of biotechnology. She has been experimenting with innovative forms of science communication through interactive installations, for which she was awarded the Danish Science Minister's Communication Prize in 2009. Maja is a council member of the European Association for the Study of Science and Technology (EASST), a member of the Danish Council for Research and Innovation Policy, and a member of the Danish Academy of Technical Sciences (ATV).

    Alan Irwin was Dean of Research at Copenhagen Business School (CBS) from 2007 until 2014. Currently, he is a Professor in the Department of Organization at CBS. In 2015, he was also the Carl and Thecla Lamberg guest professor in the Faculty of Social Sciences at the University of Gothenburg. He was Acting President of CBS during 2011. Previously, he was Professor of Science and Technology Policy, and Dean of Social and Environmental Studies, at the University of Liverpool. His PhD is from the University of Manchester and he has held previous appointments at Manchester and at Brunel University (where he was Pro Vice Chancellor for Research and Enterprise). Alan has chaired the UK Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council Bioscience for Society Strategy Panel. He is a member of the Strategy Advisory Board for the UK Global Food Security Programme. He is a Fellow of the Academy of Social Sciences, an Honorary Fellow of the British Association for the Advancement of Science and a Foreign Member of the Royal Danish Academy of Sciences and Letters.

    Yvonne James received her MA in Feminist and Gender studies from the University of Ottawa. She is currently working as a research associate and project assistant at the Pan-Canadian Health Human Resources Network in Ottawa, Ontario. Her research interests include qualitative methodologies, feminist theory, feminized health professions, health human resources and knowledge translation strategies.

    Erin Johnson , PHR, has worked in Human Resources roles for non-profit and research institutions. She holds a bachelor's degree in Journalism, and a minor in Human Resources Management. Currently she is working as an Engagement Specialist for Right Management, where she serves as a first point of contact for people who are experiencing career transition. She maintains an active interest in HR trends, and is currently certified as a Professional in Human Resources.

    Amarjit Kaur is Emeritus Professor of Economic History at the University of New England in Australia and is a Fellow of the Academy of the Social Sciences in Australia. She received a BA with Honours and an MA degree from the University of Malaya and a PhD from Columbia University. She has held visiting positions at University College London, London School of Economics, St Antony's and Clare Hall (UK), Columbia and Harvard Universities (USA) and the International Institute of Social History (Netherlands). Her research interests include Southeast Asian history, international labour migration, forced migration and the Indian diaspora; human rights and refugee law; social determinants of health; transport development; and deforestation in Southeast Asia. Her publications include Proletarian and Gendered Mass Migrations (Brill, 2013, co-edited with Dirk Hoerder), Wage Labour in Southeast Asia (Palgrave, 2004), Mobility, Labour Migration and Border Controls in Asia (Palgrave, 2006, co-edited with Ian Metcalfe) and Economic Change in East Malaysia (Macmillan, 1998).

    Jacqueline Williams Kaye is Director of Research and Evaluation at Wellspring Advisors; Wellspring coordinates grant making programmes that advance social and economic justice. Jackie supports Wellspring staff and grantees in using evaluation and research to inform grant making strategies and to learn from them. She spent the first phase of her career as a researcher and programme evaluator with work focused on public health, education and other human service areas. In recent years she has helped lead an effort within philanthropy to improve evaluation of advocacy and policy change work. Prior to joining Wellspring, Jackie spent ten years integrating evaluation and learning into the grant making work at The Edna McConnell Foundation and then at the Atlantic Philanthropies.

    Jonah Kokodyniak , Deputy Vice President of Strategic Development, leads the Institute of International Education (IIE)'s programme development and fundraising activities. During his career, Mr Kokodyniak has developed new, large-scale education initiatives with leading multinational companies including Microsoft, Cargill, Time Warner, Hilton Worldwide and Alcoa, among others; private foundations including Carnegie, MacArthur, Mellon and the Rockefeller Brothers Fund; and numerous US Government agencies and other governments around the world. Mr Kokodyniak was previously Director of Development for Global Kids, Inc.

    John J. Koprowski has worked in the non-profit sector for over four decades. After completing the requisite experience requirement in a CPA firm, he received his CPA licence. Shortly thereafter he proceeded to join the finance unit of a community development organization which ran programmes in economic development, affordable housing, community organizing and arts and culture. Later he became the Treasurer and Director of Financial Services of a multi-billion dollar international foundation which made over $100 million annually in grants to hundreds of organizations in the US and the developing world. For the last twenty years he has run his own consulting business (John J. Koprowski & Associates) which has assisted more than 100 organizations on financial and management issues. These organizations have been involved in civil and human rights, policy and advocacy, arts and arts services, capacity building and endowment planning. John received a BS degree in Business Administration from St Peter's College and an MBA in Economics from NYU. He also served as a first lieutenant in the US Army. John has been with SSRC as its Senior Financial Advisor since 2004.

    Stephen M. Kosslyn is the Founding Dean of the Minerva Schools at the Keck Graduate Institute. He served as Director of the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences and was previously chair of the Department of Psychology, Dean of Social Science, and the John Lindsley Professor of Psychology at Harvard University. He received a BA from UCLA and a PhD from Stanford University, both in Psychology. Kosslyn's research has focused on the nature of visual cognition, visual communication, and individual differences; he has authored or co-authored 14 books and over 300 papers on these topics. Kosslyn has received numerous honours, including the National Academy of Sciences Initiatives in Research Award, a Guggenheim Fellowship, three honorary Doctorates (University of Caen, University of Paris Descartes, Bern University), and election to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.

    Sam Ladner is a sociologist who researches the intersection of work, technology, and organizations. She is a senior researcher at Microsoft in the Applications and Services Group, where she studies emerging productivity practices. She uses a range of qualitative and quantitative research methods, including interviewing, observation, ethnography, and survey research. In her academic life, she received her PhD in sociology from York University, and served as Postdoctoral Fellow at Ryerson University's School of Information Technology Management. She is also the author of Practical Ethnography: A Guide To Doing Ethnography in the Private Sector (Left Coast Press, 2014).

    Hy V. Luong is Professor of Anthropology at the University of Toronto. His recent publications include Tradition, Revolution, and Market Economy in a North Vietnamese Village, 1925–2006 (University of Hawaii Press, 2010), Urbanization, Migration, and Poverty in a Vietnamese Metropolis: H Chí Minh City in Comparative Perspectives (National University of Singapore Press, edited volume, 2009), Hin đi và đng thái ca truyn thng Vit Nam: Nhng cách tip cn Nhân hc (Modernities and the Dynamics of Tradition in Vietnam: Anthropological Approached, 2 edited volumes, 2010, National University of H Chí Minh City Press), and The Dynamics of Social Capital and Civic Engagement in Asia (Routledge, 2012, co-edited with Amrita Daniere). Luong is currently working on the gift, social capital, rural-to-urban migration, and socio-economic transformation in rural Vietnam.

    Paul Martin is Professor of the Sociology of Science and Technology, Department of Sociological Studies, University of Sheffield and was, until September 2011, Director of the Institute for Science and Society, University of Nottingham. He has two main areas of research interest: firstly, the ethical, legal and social issues associated with emerging medical technologies and, secondly, the commercialization of biotechnology and expectation dynamics in medical innovation. He has examined the social implications and technological development of gene therapy, genomics, pharmacogenetics, stem cells and regenerative medicine and held major grants from ESRC, Leverhulme, EPSRC and the Wellcome Trust. In the last decade he has specialized in applying for large programme awards and providing training and mentoring for writing successful grant applications.

    Michelle K. McGinn is Professor and Associate Dean of Research and International Initiatives in the Faculty of Education at Brock University, St Catharines, Canada. Her research and teaching interests focus on higher education, researcher development, collaboration and mentorship, research teams, and research ethics. Her most recent project is ‘Research Ethics on the Ground: Partnerships, Plans, and Practices in Global Population Health’ (supported by the Global Health Research Initiative, a collaborative research funding partnership of the Canadian Institutes of Health Research, the Canadian International Development Agency, and the International Development Research Centre); it explores ethical issues and the challenges global health researchers face in international research collaborations. She was Chair of Brock University's Research Ethics Board (2007–11) and an appointed member of the Canadian Social Sciences and Humanities Research Ethics Special Working Committee (2003–09). She has contributed to research ethics programmes in Canada, New Zealand, South Africa, and Honduras.

    Lut Mergaert holds a PhD in Management Sciences (Radboud University Nijmegen, Netherlands). For her dissertation, she studied gender mainstreaming implementation by the European Commission in the research policy area. She is research director and member of the management team at Yellow Window (Belgium). She has most recently been principal investigator and coordinator of three pan-European research projects on gender issues for the European Institute for Gender Equality. One of these studies analysed the institutional capacity for gender mainstreaming in the European Commission and the 28 EU member states, with a specific focus on research policies (2013). She was the research leader for the study ‘Monitoring Progress Towards Gender Equality in the EU Sixth Framework Programme for Research and Development’, covering the ‘Science and Society’ and Social Sciences and Humanities fields (2004–2007). Also for the European Commission, she coordinated a project under which a gender toolkit was developed and 73 training sessions were organized throughout Europe to raise the research community's capacity for integrating gender aspects into research (2009–2012).

    Lisa Mooney holds a PhD in English Studies from the University of Nottingham and has worked in Higher Education for over 25 years where she has continually worked at the interface between interdisciplinary scholarship and business. She regularly writes on the shifts and changes brought about by collaborative research practices in academia and industry, and specifically how the arts and humanities disciplines might be better enabled to interact with the new demands of the knowledge transfer environment. She is currently the Dean of Research for the University of Lincoln, and is actively involved in both national and international networks concerned with raising the impact and profile of the arts and humanities beyond the academy. Lisa is also an active Board Director of the New Art Exchange Gallery and currently holds a Research Fellowship with the Design Innovation Academy in Delhi, India. In both positions she strives to develop a coherent and productive relationship between cultural organizations and academic research, ensuring that brokerage between the two communities supports the generation of innovative ideas and investment.

    Toby Murcott trained as a biochemist, acquired a PhD and spent seven years in a Bristol University laboratory before recognizing that he was better at talking about science than doing it. After a brief flurry of TV he ended up at the BBC Radio Science Unit, producing and presenting programmes across all BBC networks. He also managed to squeeze in being Science Editor for Maxim magazine. Then, for a bit of variety, Toby had a two-year stint as Editor of digital satellite science channel Einstein TV. He has published in a variety of places from The Times to Nature; consulted for TV companies; written a book; chaired debates; and taught scientists about working with the media and journalists about working with scientists. He currently makes programmes for BBC Radio 4, teaches Science Journalism at City University, and grows his own vegetables whenever he gets a chance.

    Corinne Packer holds a PhD in International Law from Utrecht University, the Netherlands. She is a Senior Research Associate at the Institute of Population Health at the University of Ottawa and has collaborated on a number of scholarly compilations, journals and conferences on health worker migration. She is also co-editor of the Routledge volume Globalization and Health: Pathways, Evidence and Policy (Routledge, 2009).

    Caitlin Porter is a governance specialist with 13 years’ programme and policy experience in a variety of team leadership and management roles. Caitlin has a master's degree in Governance and Development from the Institute of Development Studies (IDS) at the University of Sussex and a background in political economy and social accountability, advocacy, and civil society strengthening. She was Governance Manager at Plan International UK from 2010 to 2014 and Young Lives Policy Manager at Save the Children UK (Young Lives project) from 2007 to 2009. Caitlin has significant expertise in evidence-based policy and utilisation of research in policy. In particular, while working for the Young Lives project, a longitudinal study on child poverty, she supported governments to develop evidence-based policy and improve uptake of evidence, and developed guidance and published a working paper on evidence-based policy and utilisation of research in policy.

    Teresa Rees, CBE, FAcSS, FLSW , is a (semi-retired) Professor in the School of Social Sciences at Cardiff University, UK, where she was Pro Vice Chancellor from 2004 to 2010, the last three years as PVC Research. Her research focuses on gender mainstreaming and is designed to inform evidence-based policy. She is a long term expert adviser to the European Commission's Research Directorate-General on integrating equalities in universities through structural change, women and science, and including sex and gender dimension in research to improve its quality. She contributed to the EC report Structural Change in Research Institutions: Enhancing excellence, gender equality and efficiency in research and innovation. Teresa is a Fellow of the UK's Academy of Social Sciences and has been made a Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire for her work on social sciences, equal opportunities and higher education.

    Nicole Restrick Levit is manager of the Fellowships Office and Associate Director of the Abe Fellowship Program at the Social Science Research Council. She also leads the AAS-SSRC Dissertation Workshop Series and Korean Studies Dissertation Workshop in the United States projects and is former senior adviser to the Drugs, Security and Democracy Program (2010–2014). Prior to joining the Council in 2006, Levit was an international programmes officer at Ritsumeikan University in Kyoto, Japan. She has also worked as an editor and designer of K–12 curricula on Japan and East Asia. She received her MA in East Asian studies from Cornell University in 2000.

    Neil Robinson is a Managing Editor at Bulletin, a UK-based strategic communications consultancy that works with academic institutions to help their research have the greatest possible economic, social or cultural impact. He enrolled for English literature at the University of Liverpool but left after three days to embark on a career in journalism. Before joining Bulletin he spent more than 20 years working as a reporter, sub-editor and editor, writing for national newspapers, TV, radio and a wide range of specialist and consumer magazines. He has worked with and ‘translated’ research for universities in the UK, Europe and Australia.

    Mike Saks is Research Professor at University Campus Suffolk – having previously been Provost and Chief Executive there, Deputy Vice Chancellor at the University of Lincoln and Dean of the Faculty of Health and Community Studies at De Montfort University. He is the former President, and now Vice-President, of the International Sociological Association Research Committee on Professional Groups. He has published over a dozen books with top publishers on the professions, including in the health field – and conducted a number of prestigious internationally funded research projects in this area. He has also chaired high profile charities facilitating/conducting high level research and acted as a policy adviser to governments and professional bodies in health and social care. He is now Visiting Professor at the University of Lincoln and the University of Toronto, having formerly held a Visiting Chair at the University of Essex.

    Oscar Salemink is Professor in the Anthropology of Asia at the University of Copenhagen. He received his doctoral degree from the University of Amsterdam, based on research on Vietnam's Central Highlands. From 1996 through 2001 he was responsible for grant portfolios in higher education, arts and culture and sustainable development in Thailand and Vietnam on behalf of the Ford Foundation. From 2001 until 2011 he worked at VU University in Amsterdam, from 2005 as Professor of Social Anthropology. His current research concerns religious, ritual and heritage practice in everyday life in Vietnam and the East and Southeast Asian region.

    Daniella Sarnoff is Director of the International Dissertation Research Fellowship (IDRF) Program and senior advisor to the Drugs, Security and Democracy (DSD) Program at the Social Science Research Council. Sarnoff holds a PhD in European history and has taught at Xavier University, Fordham University, and New York University. Her most recent piece is ‘An Overview of Women and Gender in French Fascism’ published in The French Right Between the Wars: Political and Intellectual Movements from Conservatism to Fascism (Berghahn Books, 2014).

    Barbara Stallings is William R. Rhodes Research Professor at the Watson Institute for International Studies at Brown University and editor of Studies in Comparative International Development. Before arriving at Brown in 2002, she was Director of the Economic Development Division of the UN Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean in Santiago, Chile (1993–2002), and professor of political economy at the University of Wisconsin–Madison (1977–1993). She has been a visiting professor or visiting scholar at Harvard, Yale, Princeton, Columbia, Berkeley, the University of Tokyo, the Institute for Southeast Asian Studies, the Institute for Fiscal and Monetary Affairs of Japan's Ministry of Finance, and a number of universities and research centres in Latin America. She has doctorates in economics (University of Cambridge) and in political science (Stanford University) and is a specialist in development economics, with an emphasis on development strategies and international finance. In addition, she works on issues of economic relations between Asia and Latin America and comparisons between the two regions. Her most recent books are Finance for Development: Latin America in Comparative Perspective (Brookings Institution, 2006) and Competitive Regionalism: FTA Diffusion in the Pacific Rim (Palgrave, 2009). She is currently completing a book on Asian foreign aid.

    David A. Stone is Associate Vice President for Research and an Associate Professor of Public Health at Northern Illinois University. He holds two interdisciplinary degrees (MA and PhD) from the University Professors Program at Boston University. Over the past 25 years, Dr Stone has served as an academic research scientist (public policy, health services research, public health, and clinical medicine research) at the Harvard School of Medicine, the Harvard School of Public Health, the Tufts University School of Medicine, and Sheffield University (UK). Most recently, as an associate vice president for research, Dr Stone has called upon his experience as an interdisciplinary team scientist to develop ideas and programmes to support cross-disciplinary collaboration. Articles in the Chronicle of Higher Education have explored the concept of positioning, and work supporting collaboration and communication in team science has developed a redefinition of the concept of transdisciplinarity. In 2014–15, Dr Stone will serve as President of the National Organization of Research Development Professionals in the USA.

    Judith M. Tanur (BS, Psychology, Columbia; MA, Mathematical Statistics, Columbia; PhD, Sociology, Stony Brook) is Distinguished Teaching Professor Emerita from Stony Brook University. She is a Fellow of the American Statistical Association (ASA), American Association for the Advancement of Science, and Association for Psychological Science, an elected member of the International Statistical Institute, and recipient of ASA's Founders’ Award. She edited The International Encyclopedia of Statistics, Statistics: A Guide to the Unknown, Questions about Questions: Inquiries into the Cognitive Bases of Surveys, Visualizing Social Science: Photographs by Rachel Tanur, and The Pleasures of Statistics. She co-authored (with S. James Press) The Subjectivity of Scientists and the Bayesian Approach.She was a member of the Committee on National Statistics of the National Research Council, chairing its Advanced Research Seminar on Cognitive Aspects of Survey Methodology (for which she was the co-recipient of the Innovator's Award from the American Association for Public Opinion Research); co-chaired the SSRC Committee on Cognition and Survey Research; was an ASA/NSF/BLS Senior Research Fellow and a co-editor of Chance; and served on the ASA Advisory Committee for SIPP, NSF Panels and visiting committees, on the Advisory Committee to the NSF Director for SBE, and the Board of Directors of SSRC. She currently serves on the Board of Trustees of NORC, the Advisory Committee for the Humanities Indicators, and as an International Advisor for the Vietnam Health Project for SSRC.

    Mark J. VanLandingham , PhD, is the Thomas C. Keller Professor at Tulane University's School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine. His current research focuses on social and demographic change in Southeast Asia – especially changes that are brought about by modernization and urbanization – and on the health and well-being of immigrants from that part of the world. He is currently on sabbatical leave at the Russell Sage Foundation in New York City, where he is writing a book about the recovery of New Orleans’ Vietnamese American community after Hurricane Katrina.

    Kate Weiner is a Research Fellow at the University of Sheffield. She is a sociologist working at the intersection of medical sociology and science and technology studies, focusing particularly on lay and professional knowledge, and user–technology relations. She has published in the areas of genetics and heart disease, pharmaceuticals and functional foods and is currently developing work on consumer health technologies.

    Zachary Zinn is Director of Technology at the Social Science Research Council. A project manager, web developer/designer, systems administrator, and general technology enthusiast, he has worked on a wide variety of SSRC information technology projects and digital publications since joining the Council in December 2006. In addition to his work at the Council, Zinn provides technological consulting for non-profit institutions and manages NoPro Sports, an organization that he co-founded with SSRC staff in 2009 to develop casual sports leagues and networking opportunities for non-profit professionals in New York City. He holds a BA in government from Hamilton College and is currently pursuing an MBA from CUNY-Baruch Zicklin School of Business, with a specialization in computer information systems.

    Acknowledgements

    This Handbook gathers together more than forty authors in a collaborative endeavour that spanned four years and multiple continents. Readers will benefit from the expertise and experiences that authors and their organizations bring to research, its management and its funding. This volume mines their collective practice. It is impossible to mention all of the people whose thinking has influenced the shape of this Handbook over the course of the project but we would like particularly to thank those who helped to birth the project or nurture it along the way. Without their wisdom and hardwork, it surely would have foundered along the way.

    Thanks go to the Social Science Research Council (SSRC) in multiple ways. As SSRC President at the project's inception, LSE Director Craig Calhoun gave us confidence in the concept and in our ability to realize the vision from the outset, and convinced Mary to join Robert in the enterprise. Ira Katznelson, who arrived as SSRC President as the project was in full swing, recognized its importance and lent his encouragement and support. In addition, much of the content that fleshes out our concept is the product of Council practice and Council global networks of scholars and practitioners.

    Our senior editor at SAGE Publications, Chris Rojek, was the initial intellectual spark and worked alongside us to conceptualize the volume. Doubtless recognizing the enormity of the undertaking before we did, Chris and his colleague, Gemma Shields, supplied us with alternating doses of encouragement and prodding sufficient to keep us upbeat and on task. We owe the greatest debt of thanks to Mary's Executive Coordinator, Laura Sitkin, who operated as project manager, keeping us organized and sane through multiple versions of each chapter. We appreciate the unflappable way that Council staffer Fernando Rojas took up this mantle during Laura's maternity leave without missing a beat.

    Robert would also particularly like to thank Mat Hughes and Olga Fernholz for teaching him so much about innovation and organizational ambidexterity. Olga is a great example of how the best graduate students end up training their supervisors.

    Our long-suffering authors bore the burden of multiple rewrites and always took our sometimes extensive edits in stride. Most important, they brought their enthusiasm, excitement and best efforts to the project, immediately recognizing the ways in which the Handbook would be useful to their colleagues and students. We are thankful that they signed on to join us on this journey. A number of authors additionally benefited from SSRC Managing Editor Alyson Metzger's fine developmental editing skills.

    As always, we are grateful to our spouses John and Pam and our families for their love and support. We are sure they tired of hearing about our Handbook during its several years’ gestation but hope they are as proud as we are of the finished product.


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