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Brianna L. Kennedy

In: The SAGE Handbook of Qualitative Data Collection

Chapter 4: Deduction, Induction, and Abduction

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Deduction, Induction, and Abduction
Deduction, Induction, and Abduction
Brianna L. KennedyRobert Thornberg

When conducting qualitative research, scholars should consider the relation between data collection and analysis as well as between theory and data. There are at least two ways to relate data collection to analysis in the research process. In a linear-sequential approach, researchers first collect all data and then start to analyze. This is common in quantitative research but could also be applied in qualitative research, for instance when doing content, thematic, discursive, conversational, or phenomenological analysis after collecting all data. In contrast, an iterative approach refers to an interplay between data collection and analysis. Researchers move back and forth between data collection and analysis during this research process. The ongoing data analysis guides researchers ...

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