• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

The SAGE Handbook of Political Science presents a major retrospective and prospective overview of the discipline. Comprising three volumes of contributions from expert authors from around the world, the handbook aims to frame, assess and synthesize research in the field, helping to define and identify its current and future developments. It does so from a truly global and cross-area perspective. Chapters cover a broad range of aspects, from providing a general introduction to exploring important subfields within the discipline. Each chapter is designed to provide a state-of-the-art and comprehensive overview of the topic by incorporating cross-cutting global, interdisciplinary, and, where this applies, gender perspectives. The Handbook is arranged over seven core thematic sections: Part 1: Political Theory; Part 2: Methods; Part 3: Political Sociology; Part ...

Jun Ayukawa
Introduction: What is Constructivism?

Constructivism is based on the idea that social phenomena are constructed through human interaction. Usually, people take these social phenomena for granted and regard them as objective facts or occurrences. Constructivism, on the other hand, scrutinizes what people believe to be truths or objective phenomena; it considers accepted facts to be constructed interpretations brought about through human interaction. Because construction is accomplished through interactions, this perspective is called social constructivism. Although constructivism's roots are in sociology, it has been adopted by political scientists as an approach that examines how political issues and policies are shaped.

Social constructivism proposes that humans use language to define situations and then act according to those definitions. It attempts to ...

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