• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

The SAGE Handbook of Political Science presents a major retrospective and prospective overview of the discipline. Comprising three volumes of contributions from expert authors from around the world, the handbook aims to frame, assess and synthesize research in the field, helping to define and identify its current and future developments. It does so from a truly global and cross-area perspective. Chapters cover a broad range of aspects, from providing a general introduction to exploring important subfields within the discipline. Each chapter is designed to provide a state-of-the-art and comprehensive overview of the topic by incorporating cross-cutting global, interdisciplinary, and, where this applies, gender perspectives. The Handbook is arranged over seven core thematic sections: Part 1: Political Theory; Part 2: Methods; Part 3: Political Sociology; Part ...

Policy Instruments
Policy instruments
Michael Howlett
A Short History of the Study of Policy Tools

In policy studies, choosing which policy instruments to use to address public problems is an important topic of enquiry across a variety of areas. A focus on linking policy tools to pressing policy problems, for example, defines a ‘design’ orientation to policy formulation while an emphasis on how tools are deployed, and their effectiveness or ineffectiveness is a major subject of inquiry in policy implementation. In a time when policymakers are increasingly asked to put forth innovative solutions to complex policy issues such as climate change and poverty or homelessness, the need to further understand the instruments of governance and how they can be better designed, selected ...

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