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  • Contents
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The SAGE Handbook of Political Science presents a major retrospective and prospective overview of the discipline. Comprising three volumes of contributions from expert authors from around the world, the handbook aims to frame, assess and synthesize research in the field, helping to define and identify its current and future developments. It does so from a truly global and cross-area perspective. Chapters cover a broad range of aspects, from providing a general introduction to exploring important subfields within the discipline. Each chapter is designed to provide a state-of-the-art and comprehensive overview of the topic by incorporating cross-cutting global, interdisciplinary, and, where this applies, gender perspectives. The Handbook is arranged over seven core thematic sections: Part 1: Political Theory; Part 2: Methods; Part 3: Political Sociology; Part ...

Informal Governance and Participatory Institutions
Informal governance and participatory institutions
Leonardo Avritzer

Governance is a concept that emerged to study the post-Cold War consensus on the organization of the state and public policies (see Milani, Chapter 59, this Handbook). During most of the 20th century, the definitions of the state were based on the Weberian notion of coercion and administrative monopoly (Tilly, 1975; Weber, 1946: 78). Coercion is the state's capacity to employ physical force in a legitimate way. Alongside its coercive capacity, the state also has administrative monopoly. Weber's focus has been on an administrative staff with hierarchy, management by rules and specialized division of labor (Weber, 1978). For him, and some subsequent authors such as Tilly, all these characteristics ...

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