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The SAGE Handbook of Political Science presents a major retrospective and prospective overview of the discipline. Comprising three volumes of contributions from expert authors from around the world, the handbook aims to frame, assess and synthesize research in the field, helping to define and identify its current and future developments. It does so from a truly global and cross-area perspective. Chapters cover a broad range of aspects, from providing a general introduction to exploring important subfields within the discipline. Each chapter is designed to provide a state-of-the-art and comprehensive overview of the topic by incorporating cross-cutting global, interdisciplinary, and, where this applies, gender perspectives. The Handbook is arranged over seven core thematic sections: Part 1: Political Theory; Part 2: Methods; Part 3: Political Sociology; Part ...

Bureaucracy and Bureaucratic Effectiveness
Bureaucracy and bureaucratic effectiveness
B. Guy Peters
The Nature of Bureaucracy

The term bureaucracy is usually associated with the German political sociologist Max Weber and is taken to mean a formal structure governed by hierarchy and rules and populated by career officials recruited on merit principles. Although the Weberian concept of bureaucracy was based on the experiences of, or aspirations for, Western countries, bureaucracies of various sorts have existed in traditional and transitional regimes for centuries (Eisenstadt, 1963). The formal bureaucratic model also has been largely adopted in most non-Western countries but may be adopted in form only, with the practice differing markedly from the Weberian ideal (see Nef, 2007).

Formally, a bureaucracy (following Weber) is an organization ...

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