- Subject index
The SAGE Handbook of Political Science presents a major retrospective and prospective overview of the discipline. Comprising three volumes of contributions from expert authors from around the world, the handbook aims to frame, assess and synthesize research in the field, helping to define and identify its current and future developments. It does so from a truly global and cross-area perspective. Chapters cover a broad range of aspects, from providing a general introduction to exploring important subfields within the discipline. Each chapter is designed to provide a state-of-the-art and comprehensive overview of the topic by incorporating cross-cutting global, interdisciplinary, and, where this applies, gender perspectives. The Handbook is arranged over seven core thematic sections: Part 1: Political Theory; Part 2: Methods; Part 3: Political Sociology; Part ...
Chapter 53: Religion and Politics
Religion and Politics
Introductory Historical Remarks
Around the world, religions have left their assigned place in the private sphere, becoming politically active in various ways and with assorted outcomes. Religion's re-emergence from political marginality dates from the last decades of the 20th century. Subsequently, religious actors of various kinds became involved in various political changes, including democratisation, terrorism and demands for societal changes, such as improved human rights.
Prior to the 18th century and the subsequent formation and development of the modern (secular) international state system, religion was a key ideology that frequently stimulated political conflict between societal groups. Following the Peace of Westphalia in 1648 and the subsequent development of centralised states first in Western Europe and ...