- Subject index
The SAGE Handbook of Political Science presents a major retrospective and prospective overview of the discipline. Comprising three volumes of contributions from expert authors from around the world, the handbook aims to frame, assess and synthesize research in the field, helping to define and identify its current and future developments. It does so from a truly global and cross-area perspective. Chapters cover a broad range of aspects, from providing a general introduction to exploring important subfields within the discipline. Each chapter is designed to provide a state-of-the-art and comprehensive overview of the topic by incorporating cross-cutting global, interdisciplinary, and, where this applies, gender perspectives. The Handbook is arranged over seven core thematic sections: Part 1: Political Theory; Part 2: Methods; Part 3: Political Sociology; Part ...
Chapter 46: Federalisms1
Meaning of Federalism
Under a federal system of government, each of the self-governing units is answerable to a central authority. In this way, the whole country is unified under a common constitution or other legal system, despite being separated into different regions. The legal written constitution divides the governing powers between the provincial or state governments and the central government. In other words, smaller entities (such as provinces or states) unite and forgo some of their powers in favor of the national government.
One example of a federal system of government is that of the United States. Here, the country is divided into several different states, each of which have (to some extent) their own laws and ...