• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

The SAGE Handbook of Political Science presents a major retrospective and prospective overview of the discipline. Comprising three volumes of contributions from expert authors from around the world, the handbook aims to frame, assess and synthesize research in the field, helping to define and identify its current and future developments. It does so from a truly global and cross-area perspective. Chapters cover a broad range of aspects, from providing a general introduction to exploring important subfields within the discipline. Each chapter is designed to provide a state-of-the-art and comprehensive overview of the topic by incorporating cross-cutting global, interdisciplinary, and, where this applies, gender perspectives. The Handbook is arranged over seven core thematic sections: Part 1: Political Theory; Part 2: Methods; Part 3: Political Sociology; Part ...

Electoral Systems
Electoral systems
Bernard Grofman
Varieties of Electoral Systems

Perhaps the most important observation about voting rules is just how many different ways there are to implement democratic elections. Even when we confine ourselves to the election of a single candidate, we can readily identify dozens of ways to do so: from the simplest, where voters cast an X for a preferred candidate and the candidate with the most votes wins (the plurality rule, known in many English-speaking countries as first past the post); to a rule that asks voters to cast Xs for all the candidates they regard as acceptable, with the one receiving the most ‘approval votes’ declared the winner (Brams and Fishburn, 1983 [2007]); to a plethora of ...

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