• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

The SAGE Handbook of Political Science presents a major retrospective and prospective overview of the discipline. Comprising three volumes of contributions from expert authors from around the world, the handbook aims to frame, assess and synthesize research in the field, helping to define and identify its current and future developments. It does so from a truly global and cross-area perspective. Chapters cover a broad range of aspects, from providing a general introduction to exploring important subfields within the discipline. Each chapter is designed to provide a state-of-the-art and comprehensive overview of the topic by incorporating cross-cutting global, interdisciplinary, and, where this applies, gender perspectives. The Handbook is arranged over seven core thematic sections: Part 1: Political Theory; Part 2: Methods; Part 3: Political Sociology; Part ...

Clientelism
Clientelism
Herbert Kitschelt
Introduction

Political clientelism involves a specific form of coordination between an aspiring political office holder (the ‘patron') and constituency supporters (the ‘clients'). To win or sustain political office, the patron bestows or promises to bestow targeted benefits on or avert losses from clients in return for their support of her political bid. These advantages accrue to clients as individuals or members of small groups, typically in a geographically narrowly confined locale. No club or collective goods are produced. Clientelism thus constitutes one of several varieties of electoral ‘accountability mechanisms'. Such mechanisms encompass any conceivable actions undertaken by aspiring political office holders or candidates in the expectation of mobilizing citizens’ support.

Political clientelism involves an intertemporal relationship of double contingency, ...

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