- Subject index
The examination of personality and individual differences is a major field of research in the modern discipline of psychology. Concerned with the ways humans develop an organised set of characteristics to shape themselves and the world around them, it is a study of how people come to be 'different' and 'similar' to others, on both an individual and a cultural level. This volume explores the scientific foundations of personality and individual differences, in chapters arranged across three thematic sections: Part 1: Theoretical Perspectives on Personality and Individual Differences Part 2: Research Strategies for Studying Personality and Individual Differences Part 3: The Measurement of Personality and Individual Differences With outstanding contributions from leading scholars across the world, this is an invaluable resource for researchers and graduate students.
Chapter 4: The Transdisciplinary Philosophy-of-Science Paradigm for Research on Individuals: Foundations for the Science of Personality and Individual Differences
The Transdisciplinary Philosophy-of-Science Paradigm for Research on Individuals: Foundations for the Science of Personality and Individual Differences
The individual is central to the science of ‘personality'1 and individual differences. But a science devoted to individuals contradicts the old scientific dictum scientia non est individuorum, the fundamental idea that science seeks regularities and lawfulness through abstraction and generalization and, thus, cannot be devoted to individual cases. To resolve this contradiction, many ‘personality’ scientists pursue nomothetic approaches (from the Greek nomos, the law) in which individuals are explored only as examples of prototypical individuals in order to identify universal principles (Mischel et al., 2007). ...