• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

The examination of personality and individual differences is a major field of research in the modern discipline of psychology. Concerned with the ways humans develop an organised set of characteristics to shape themselves and the world around them, it is a study of how people come to be 'different' and 'similar' to others, on both an individual and a cultural level. This volume explores the scientific foundations of personality and individual differences, in chapters arranged across three thematic sections: Part 1: Theoretical Perspectives on Personality and Individual Differences Part 2: Research Strategies for Studying Personality and Individual Differences Part 3: The Measurement of Personality and Individual Differences With outstanding contributions from leading scholars across the world, this is an invaluable resource for researchers and graduate ...

Measurement of Situational Influences
Measurement of Situational Influences
Kai T. Horstmann John F. Rauthmann Ryne A. Sherman

This chapter provides an overview of the current state-of-the-art on the assessment of situational influences on behavior or personality expression. We first briefly review the history of situational assessment and recent developments of situational taxonomies. Extant taxonomies are then compared and integrated on a theoretical basis. Lastly, we provide recommendations for future research and discuss the challenges involved in assessing situations.

Reasons for Assessing the Situation

The first question that should be briefly answered is: why should situational influences be assessed at all? The answer is that prediction of behavior is a core interest of ...

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