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The Various Roles of Replication in Scientific Research
The Various Roles of Replication in Scientific Research
Gregory Francis

Replication is widely considered a ‘gold standard’ for science (Cohen, 1994; Fisher, 1956; Roediger, 2012). Perhaps the strongest way to convince skeptics that an empirical finding is valid is to repeatedly demonstrate that finding across multiple experiments. Likewise, a strong argument against a reported finding is to demonstrate that it is not found in new experiments that are faithful to the original experimental method. Indeed, some concerns in the field of psychology about questionable research practices (QRPs) and publication bias have been driven by replication failures (e.g., Doyen et al., 2012; Ranehill et al., 2015; Shanks et al., 2013). Likewise, many responses to ...

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