• Summary
  • Contents
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The examination of personality and individual differences is a major field of research in the modern discipline of psychology. Concerned with the ways humans develop an organised set of characteristics to shape themselves and the world around them, it is a study of how people come to be 'different' and 'similar' to others, on both an individual and a cultural level. This volume explores the scientific foundations of personality and individual differences, in chapters arranged across three thematic sections: Part 1: Theoretical Perspectives on Personality and Individual Differences Part 2: Research Strategies for Studying Personality and Individual Differences Part 3: The Measurement of Personality and Individual Differences With outstanding contributions from leading scholars across the world, this is an invaluable resource for researchers and graduate ...

The Various Roles of Replication in Scientific Research
The Various Roles of Replication in Scientific Research
Gregory Francis

Replication is widely considered a ‘gold standard’ for science (Cohen, 1994; Fisher, 1956; Roediger, 2012). Perhaps the strongest way to convince skeptics that an empirical finding is valid is to repeatedly demonstrate that finding across multiple experiments. Likewise, a strong argument against a reported finding is to demonstrate that it is not found in new experiments that are faithful to the original experimental method. Indeed, some concerns in the field of psychology about questionable research practices (QRPs) and publication bias have been driven by replication failures (e.g., Doyen et al., 2012; Ranehill et al., 2015; Shanks et al., 2013). Likewise, many responses to ...

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