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The examination of personality and individual differences is a major field of research in the modern discipline of psychology. Concerned with the ways humans develop an organised set of characteristics to shape themselves and the world around them, it is a study of how people come to be 'different' and 'similar' to others, on both an individual and a cultural level. This volume focuses on various contexts and applications of personality and individual differences, in chapters arranged across three thematic sections: Part 1: Health and Psychological Adjustment Part 2: Social Behavior Part 3: Personality in the Workplace With outstanding contributions from leading scholars across the world, this is an invaluable resource for researchers and graduate students.

Dispositional Envy: A Conceptual Review
Dispositional Envy: A Conceptual Review
Jens Lange Lisa Blatz Jan Crusius

Humans have a powerful desire for social status (Anderson et al., 2015) that is motivated by an evolved need for respect, admiration, and influence (Kenrick et al., 2010). In fact, research indicates that status attainment yields substantial benefits. It fuels self-esteem and lowers depression (Fournier, 2009), raises subjective well-being (Anderson, Kraus et al., 2012), improves several health indicators such as stress, weight, affectivity, sleep quality, or coping ability (Adler et al., 2000), and elevates others’ perception of a person's competence (Anderson and Kilduff, 2009). In light of these benefits, threats to personal status should elicit strong emotional ...

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