• Summary
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  • Subject index

The examination of personality and individual differences is a major field of research in the modern discipline of psychology. Concerned with the ways humans develop an organised set of characteristics to shape themselves and the world around them, it is a study of how people come to be 'different' and 'similar' to others, on both an individual and a cultural level. This volume focuses on the multiple origins of personality and individual differences, in chapters arranged across three thematic sections: Part 1: Biological Origins of Personality and Individual Differences Part 2: Developmental Origins of Personality and Individual Differences Part 3: Environmental Origins of Personality and Individual Differences With outstanding contributions from leading scholars across the world, this is an invaluable resource for researchers and graduate ...

Molecular Genetic Studies of Human Temperament
Molecular Genetic Studies of Human Temperament
Kostas A. Papageorgiou Vijeinika Vipulananthan

In the eighteenth-century book titled Anthropology from a Pragmatic Point of View, Immanuel Kant referred to temperament as ‘what nature makes of the human being’ and character as ‘what the person makes of himself’ (Kant, 1789/2006, p. 192). As such, Kant perceived temperament as a human trait that has primarily a biological basis. He put forward a typology of temperament that consisted of the dimensions of activity–passivity and emotionality (Kant, 1789/2006; Rothbart, 2012). Since the second half of the twentieth century (if not earlier), a major shift in the study of temperament has occurred, such that research has focused ...

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