• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

The examination of personality and individual differences is a major field of research in the modern discipline of psychology. Concerned with the ways humans develop an organised set of characteristics to shape themselves and the world around them, it is a study of how people come to be 'different' and 'similar' to others, on both an individual and a cultural level. This volume focuses on the multiple origins of personality and individual differences, in chapters arranged across three thematic sections: Part 1: Biological Origins of Personality and Individual Differences Part 2: Developmental Origins of Personality and Individual Differences Part 3: Environmental Origins of Personality and Individual Differences With outstanding contributions from leading scholars across the world, this is an invaluable resource for researchers and graduate ...

Individualism and Collectivism
Individualism and Collectivism
Takeshi Hamamura Karim Bettache Yi Xu

People's participation in local culture shapes their psyches, which in turn creates their cultural environment. In this sense, culture and mind are mutually reinforcing. Therefore, a satisfactory understanding of human psychology requires investigations of cultural influence (Henrich et al., 2010). Individualism–collectivism is the most frequently used conceptual tool by researchers examining this issue. This chapter provides a current overview of research concerning individualism–collectivism.

Definition

Triandis (1995) described individualism–collectivism as follows:

Collectivism may be initially defined as a social pattern consisting of closely linked individuals who see themselves as parts of one or more collectives (family, co-workers, tribe, nation); are primarily motivated by the norms ...

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