The creative city concept, and branding through external and self-designation, has joined the panoply of city ‘types’ – industrial city; historic, heritage and culture city; innovative, knowledge and science city; intelligent, eco and smart city, etc. (Hutchison, 2010) – since its popular promotion and adoption through city and international agency policy efforts (Evans, 2009; Landry and Bianchini, 1995). The creative city imaginary is therefore an evolutionary concept, reflecting post-industrial and cultural ‘turns', resulting in a hybrid of assemblages and definitions; assemblage in terms of both socio-spatial theory, notably in geography (Anderson et al., 2012), and in the visual art practice of creative construction through ‘found objects', where the creative city is seen to ...
Creative Cities – An International Perspective
Creative Cities An International Perspective