The SAGE Handbook of New Urban Studies
Publication Year: 2017
The last two decades have been an exciting and richly productive period for debate and academic research on the city. The SAGE Handbook of New Urban Studies offers comprehensive coverage of this modern re-thinking of urban theory, both gathering together the best of what has been achieved so far, and signalling the way to future theoretical insights and empirically grounded research. Featuring many of the top international names in the field, the handbook is divided into nine key sections: SECTION 1: THE GLOBALIZED CITY SECTION 2: URBAN ENTREPRENEURIALISM, BRANDING, GOVERNANCE SECTION 3: MARGINALITY, RISK AND RESILIENCE SECTION 4: SUBURBS AND SUBURBANIZATION: STRATIFICATION, SPRAWL, SUSTAINABILITY SECTION 5: DISTINCTIVE AND VISIBLE CITIES SECTION 6: CREATIVE CITIES SECTION 7: URBANIZATION, URBANITY AND URBAN LIFESTYLES SECTION 8: NEW DIRECTIONS ...
- Front Matter
- Subject Index
- Chapter 2: Locating Transnational Urban Connections Beyond World City Networks
- Chapter 3: Frontier Financial Cities
- Chapter 4: Eventful Cities: Strategies for Event-Based Urban Development
- Chapter 5: Twin Cities: Territorial and Relational Urbanism
- Chapter 6: Idealizing the European City in a Neoliberal Age
- Chapter 7: City Branding as a Governance Strategy
- Chapter 8: Territorial Stigmatization: Symbolic Defamation and the Contemporary Metropolis
- Chapter 9: The Liminal City: Gender, Mobility and Governance in a Twenty-First Century African City
- Chapter 10: Constructing and Contesting Resilience in Post-Disaster Urban Communities
- Chapter 11: Emerging Geographies of Suburban Disadvantage
- Chapter 12: The Climate Change Challenge
- Chapter 13: Social Construction of Smart Growth Policies and Strategies
- Chapter 14: The Global Art City
- Chapter 15: Lights, City, Action…
- Chapter 16: On Urban (In)Visibilities
- Chapter 17: Events as Creative District Generators? Beyond the Conventional Wisdom
- Chapter 18: Mega-Events in Emerging Nations and the Festivalization of the Urban Backstage: The Cases of Brazil and South Africa
- Chapter 19: Urban Cultural Movements and the Night: Struggling for the ‘Right to the Creative (Party) City’ in Geneva
- Chapter 20: Creative Cities – An International Perspective
- Chapter 21: Moving to Meet and Make: Rethinking Creativity in Making Things Take Place
- Chapter 22: Creative Clusters in Urban Spaces
- Chapter 23: Rebalancing the Creative City After 20 Years of Debate
- Chapter 24: Urbanization and Housing in Africa
- Chapter 25: Differentiated Residential Orientations of Class Fractions
- Chapter 26: Some Scenes of Urban Life
- Chapter 27: Urban Foodscapes: Repositioning Food in Urban Studies Through the Case of Vancouver’s Downtown Eastside
- Chapter 28: African Ideas of the Urban
- Chapter 29: New Frontiers in Researching Chinese Cities
- Chapter 30: Informal Settlement and Assemblage Theory
- Chapter 31: The Changing Urban Future: The Views of the Media and Academics
- Chapter 32: Olympic Futures and Urban Imaginings: From Albertopolis to Olympicopolis
- Chapter 33: Experiencing the Hybrid City: The Role of Digital Technology in Public Urban Places
- Chapter 34: The New Urban World: Challenges and Policy with Respect to Shrinking Cities
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Editor: Robert Rojek
Editorial Assistant: Colette Wilson
Production Editor: Rudrani Mukherjee
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Proofreader: David Hemsley
Indexer: Cathryn Pritchard
Marketing Manager: Sally Ransom
Cover Design: Wendy Scott
Printed in the UK
At SAGE we take sustainability seriously. Most of our products are printed in the UK using FSC papers and boards. When we print overseas we ensure sustainable papers are used as measured by the PREPS grading system. We undertake an annual audit to monitor our sustainability.
Introduction and editorial arrangement © John Hannigan & Greg Richards 2017
Chapter 1 © John Hannigan and Greg Richards 2017
Part I © John Hannigan and Greg Richards 2017
Chapter 2 © Tim Bunnell 2017
Chapter 3 © Adam D. Dixon 2017
Chapter 4 © Greg Richards 2017
Part II © John Hannigan and Greg Richards 2017
Chapter 5 © Mark Jayne, Phil Hubbard and David Bell 2017
Chapter 6 © Philip Lawton 2017
Chapter 7 © Jasper Eshuis and Erik-Hans Klijn 2017
Part III © John Hannigan and Greg Richards 2017
Chapter 8 © Tom Slater 2017
Chapter 9 © Caroline Wanjiku Kihato 2017
Chapter 10 © Kevin Fox Gotham and Bradford Powers 2017
Part IV © John Hannigan and Greg Richards 2017
Chapter 11 © Bill Randolph 2017
Chapter 12 © Ian Smith 2017
Chapter 13 © John Hannigan 2017
Part V © John Hannigan and Greg Richards 2017
Chapter 14 © Can-Seng Ooi 2017
Chapter 15 © Tim Edensor 2017
Chapter 16 © Ricardo Campos 2017
Chapter 17 © Pier Luigi Sacco 2017
Chapter 18 © Christoph Haferburg and Malte Steinbrink 2017
Part VI © John Hannigan and Greg Richards 2017
Chapter 19 © Robert Hollands, Marie-Avril Berthet, Eva Nada and Virginia Bjertnes 2017
Chapter 20 © Graeme Evans 2017
Chapter 21 © J⊘rgen Ole Bærenholdt 2017
Chapter 22 © Lénia Marques 2017
Chapter 23 © Nienke van Boom 2017
Part VII © John Hannigan and Greg Richards 2017
Chapter 24 © Paul Collier and Anthony J. Venables 2017
Chapter 25 © Willem Boterman and Sako Musterd 2017
Chapter 26 © Daniel Silver 2017
Chapter 27 © Christiana Miewald, Daniela Aiello and Eugene McCann 2017
Part VIII © John Hannigan and Greg Richards 2017
Chapter 28 © Garth Myers 2017
Chapter 29 © Shenjing He and Junxi Qian 2017
Chapter 30 © Kim Dovey 2017
Part IX © John Hannigan and Greg Richards 2017
Chapter 31 © Clovis Ultramari and Fábio Duarte 2017
Chapter 32 © John R. Gold and Margaret M. Gold 2017
Chapter 33 © Anna Luusua, Johanna Ylipulli, Hannu Kukka and Timo Ojala 2017
Chapter 34 © Sujata Shetty and Neil Reid 2017
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Library of Congress Control Number: 2016952131
British Library Cataloguing in Publication data
A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library
List of Figures[Page ix]
- 3.1 Modeling the frontier 36
- 11.1 Income inequality by OECD country, 1985–2011/12 162
- 11.2 Tom Toles’ ‘The Vast White Ring Conspiracy’ (1998) 168
- 15.1 Spectra, Ryoji Ikeda, London 2014 225
- 15.2 Urban Light, Chris Burden, Los Angeles, 2013 225
- 15.3 Aquarium, Durham Lumiere, 2013 227
- 15.4 Pool, Sydney Vivid Festival, 2014 229
- 16.1 Portuguese Parliament House 238
- 16.2 Monument to the victims of the Great War (Lisbon) 239
- 16.3 Headquarters of the Portuguese National Bank, Caixa Geral de Depósitos (Lisbon) 239
- 16.4 Centro Cultural de Belém/Belém Cultural Center (Lisbon) 240
- 16.5 Traffic signs 240
- 16.6 Traffic lights (Lisbon) 240
- 16.7 Video-surveillance cameras (Lisbon) 241
- 16.8 Shop window (Lisbon) 241
- 16.9 Outdoor advertisement (Lisbon) 242
- 16.10 Sticker placed on a banking advertisement (Lisbon) 243
- 16.11 Illegal writings (Lisbon) 243
- 16.12 Illegal mural graffiti (Hall of Fame), (Lisbon) 244
- 16.13 Mural Painting celebrating Amilcar Cabra (Cova da Moura) 245
- 16.14 Memorial to resident youth murder victims (Cova da Moura) 246
- 18.1 ‘Favela’ as a problematic sign and urban-policy interventions in the context of mega-events 274
- 18.2 Freedom Square (Soweto, Johannesburg) 277
- 18.3 Soccer City Stadium (Soweto, Johannesburg) 277
- 18.4 Cartographic invisibilization of the favela Pavão-Pavãozinho/Cantagalo 281
- 18.5 ‘Favela Painting’ in Santa Marta 284
- 18.6 Examples of typical favela paintings 284
- 18.7 ‘Rio de Janeiro from a new point of view’ – logo of Rio Top Tour 285
- 19.1 Protesting the closure of the Rhino squat, Geneva, 2007 303
- 19.2 Nightlife ‘strike’ outside alternative venue l’Usine, Geneva 2010 306
- 20.1 Urban and cultural policy convergence towards the creative city 316
- 20.2 Creative city policy rationales – large and small cities (population 000s) 318
- 20.3 Share of creative class in cities by rank size 319
- 20.4 Creative sectors – large and small cities (population 000s) 322
- 21.1 Viking Ship Museum, 2008: The Sea Stallion has returned from Ireland 331
- 21.2 The Roskilde Festival, 2014: Waiting for the Rolling Stones 332
- 22.1 Plan of section of Bairro Alto, Lisbon, Portugal, showing the main streets, buildings and stages of town development 350
- 22.2 View of one street of Bairro Alto (Lisbon, Portugal), by day 351
- [Page x]22.3 Outside of Buedaloco (nightlife & culture) by day. Bairro Alto (Lisbon, Portugal) 351
- 22.4 Detail of one street of Bairro Alto (Lisbon, Portugal), which bears the name of one of the Portuguese daily newspapers 352
- 22.5 Wall painting in a street of the Castelo district (Lisbon, Portugal) 353
- 22.6 Brick Lane: London’s ‘New East End’ (1) 353
- 22.7 Brick Lane: London’s ‘New East End’ (2) 354
- 22.8 Brick Lane: London’s ‘New East End’ (3) 354
- 25.1 Class fractions based on cultural positions 392
- 25.2 A typology of (15) residential milieus based on location in the region, density (urbanity), dominant building period, and average real estate value 394
- 25.3a Class fractions with strong overrepresentation (LQ > 2) in urban Amsterdam middle status neighborhoods, sorted by overrepresentation 397
- 25.3b Class fractions with strong overrepresentation (LQ > 2) in urban Amsterdam high status neighborhoods, sorted by overrepresentation 398
- 25.3c Class fractions with strong overrepresentation (LQ > 2) in suburban Amsterdam high status neighborhoods, sorted by overrepresentation 398
- 26.1 Four scenes of Ontario 418
- 26.2 Four scenes of Toronto 419
- 26.3 Predictors of some scenes 420
- 26.4 Predictors of change in university graduate percentage of the population 424
- 26.5 University graduates rise more in Romantic scenes surrounded by dense areas 425
- 29.1 Clusters of keywords of highly cited papers 464
- 30.1 A typology of informal settlements 482
- 30.2 Productive laneways and formal replacements, Dharavi, Mumbai, 2011 483
- 30.3 The picturesque slum, Medellin, 2014 484
- 30.4 Public escalators, Medellin, 2011 489
- 31.1 Recurrence of selected keywords in The New York Times, 1851–2010 506
- 31.2 Percentage change in the occurrence of selected key words in The New York Times having the previous decade as the baseline, 1851–2010 507
- 32.1 Albertopolis: Museums along Exhibition Road, South Kensington, London 515
- 32.2 Stratford Waterfront, the intended location for Olympicopolis 527
- 33.1 A participant photograph from the display study shows an uneasy relationship: the no-bicycles sticker and parked bicycles 541
- 33.2 Many participants felt that the displays disappear into their surroundings completely 545
List of Tables[Page xi]
- 4.1 2014 metrics for events in Cape Town 50
- 12.1 Summarizing four perspectives on urban adaptation to climate change 187
- 12.2 Adaptation perspectives and the suburban collective action problem 188
- 16.1 Urban visual culture polarities 246
- 17.1 The 12 culture-led developmental dimensions 251
- 18.1 Sports mega-events in the 21st century: economic and societal attributes of host countries 269
- 20.1 Elements of the Creative City Index (order matched by author) 313
- 22.1 Features of cultural quarters and creative clusters 348
- 25.1 Number of individuals per employment sector, N per class fraction 393
- 25.2 Class fractions by residential milieus (location quotients) 395
- 25.3 Multinomial regression model (selection of results) 400
- 25.4 Four logistic regression models explaining the odds of living in (resp.) four middle status residential milieus; explanatory dimensions include combined cultural (employment) position and socio-economic (income) class position with middle incomes (M), as well as demographic position 402
- 26.1 Analytical components of scenes I: theatricality, authenticity, legitimacy 414
- 26.2 Analytical dimensions of scenes II: dimensions of theatricality, authenticity, and legitimacy 415
- 26.3 Canada’s typical scenes 417
- 29.1 Distribution of published papers by disciplines (2003–2013) 464
- 31.1 Recurrence of selected keywords in The New York Times, 1851–2010 507
- 31.2 Percentage change in the selected key words in The New York Times by decade, 1851–2010 508
- 31.3 SAGE Publications, selected journals and recurrence of selected exact words 509
- 31.4 SAGE Publications, ‘The future of the city’ in the ‘urban studies and planning topic’, from 2001 to 2010 510
- 32.1 Host cities: legacy planning and management 520
- 34.1 Cleveland population trends, 1950–2010 551
- 34.2 Buffalo population trends, 1950–2010 554
- 34.3 Youngstown population trends, 1930–2010 556
- 34.4 Socio-economic conditions in Youngstown, Cleveland and Buffalo 560[Page xii]
Notes on the Editors and Contributors[Page xiii]The Editors
John Hannigan is Professor of Sociology and Associate Chair, Graduate Studies (Sociology) at the University of Toronto, where he teaches courses in cultural policy, urban political economy and environmental sociology. He has written four books: Environmental Sociology (1995, 2006, 2014), Fantasy City: Pleasure and Profit in the Postmodern City (1998), Disasters Without Borders: The International Politics of Natural Disasters (2012) and The Geopolitics of Deep Oceans (2015). Fantasy City was nominated for the 1999–2000 John Porter Award of the Canadian Sociology and Anthropology Association. Environmental Sociology has been translated into Chinese, Japanese, Korean and Portuguese. In his most recent book, The Geopolitics of Deep Oceans, Dr Hannigan argues that our understanding of the deep depends on whether we see it primarily as a resource cornucopia, a global political chessboard, a shared commons or a unique and threatened ecology.
Greg Richards Greg Richards is Professor of Placemaking and Events at NHTV Breda and Professor of Leisure Studies at Tilburg University in the Netherlands. He has conducted research on a wide range of topics related to leisure, tourism and urban development. His recent major publications include Eventful Cities: Cultural management and Urban Revitalisation (with Robert Palmer), and Reinventing the Local in Tourism: Producing, Consuming and Negotiating Place (with Paolo Russo).The Contributors
Daniela Aiello is a PhD candidate in the Department of Geography at the University of Georgia. She received her Master's in Geography from Simon Fraser University where she studied restaurant gentrification in Vancouver's Downtown Eastside. Currently her research centres on the growing problem of evictions in Atlanta, Georgia and Vancouver, BC, as ongoing forms of racialized dispossession and violence.
J⊘rgen Ole Bærenholdt is Professor of Human Geography in the Department of People and Technology, Roskilde University. His research interests includes mobility, tourist experience, place design, cultural heritage and local and regional development, and he belongs to the Space, Place, Mobility and Urban Studies (MOSPUS) Research Unit. Among his books in English are The Reflexive North (edited with Aarsæther; Nord, 2001), Performing Tourist [Page xiv]Places (with Haldrup, Larsen and Urry; Ashgate, 2004), Space Odysseys (edited with K. Simonsen; Ashgate, 2004), Coping with Distances, Producing Nordic Atlantic Societies (Berghahn, 2007), Mobility and Place (edited with Granås; Ashgate, 2008) and Design Research (edited with Simonsen, Büscher and Scheuer; Routledge, 2010). In addition, he has published recent articles in, among other journals, Mobilities and Journal of Consumer Culture.
David Bell is Senior Lecturer in Critical Human Geography in the School of Geography at the University of Leeds, UK. He has published widely on cultural geography and cultural policy. His most recent book is Cultural Policy (co-authored with Kate Oakley; Routledge 2016) and his next book is a co-authored analysis of cosmetic surgery tourism, to be published by Manchester University Press.
Marie-Avril Berthet graduated in Geography at the University Lumière of Lyon in 2003, and is currently doing a PhD on nightlife at Leeds Geography. She has worked for festivals and cultural institutions in Geneva, and, in 2010, co-edited a report on nightlife in Geneva for the City's Cultural Department. She is also a DJ.
Virginia Bjertnes is a social and cultural Anthropologist with a Master's from Neuchâtel University. She has worked for a number of years in contemporary arts and as a social worker with young people, and was co-editor of a report on nightlife in Geneva for the city's Cultural Department. She has also experienced local politics as city councillor for some time. These days, she is putting her energy into activism for climate.
Willem Boterman is Assistant Professor at the Department of Geography, Planning and International Development Studies at the University of Amsterdam. His work focuses on gentrification, segregation, demographic change, gender and social reproduction of class. For more information, see http://www.uva.nl/profile/w.r.boterman
Tim Bunnell is Associate Professor in the Department of Geography at the National University of Singapore. His research focuses mainly on cities in Southeast Asia – especially in Malaysia and Indonesia – and their constitutive relations with elsewhere. His latest book, From World City to the World in One City: Liverpool Through Malay Lives, was published as part of Wiley-Blackwell's Studies in Urban and Social Change series in 2016. He is currently working on a volume of essays on urban futurity in Asia arising from a large collaborative research project on ‘Aspirations, Urban Governance and the Remaking of Asian Cities'.
Ricardo Campos holds a PhD in Visual Anthropology. Currently, he is postdoctoral research fellow at CICS.Nova – Interdisciplinary Centre of Social Sciences, Portugal. Over the past fifteen years he has been researching urban youth cultures, urban art, visual culture and digital media. His publications include Porque pintamos a cidade? Uma abordagem etnográfica ao graffiti urbano [Why do we paint the city? An ethnographic approach to urban graffiti] (Fim de Século, 2010) and Introdução à Cultura Visual. Abordagens e metodologias [Introduction to Visual Culture. Approaches and Methodologies] (Mundos Sociais, 2013). He has co-edited (with Andrea Brighenti and Luciano Spinelli) Uma cidade de Imagens [A City of Images] (Mundos Sociais, 2011), Popular and Visual Culture: Design, Circulation and Consumption (with Clara Sarmento; Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2014) and Transglobal Sounds: Music, Youth and Migration (with João Sardinha; Bloomsbury Academic Publishing, 2016). He is also one of the editors of the Brazilian academic journal Cadernos de Arte e Antropologia [Journal [Page xv]of Art and Anthropology] and co-coordinator of the Luso-Brasilian Network for the Study of Urban Arts and Interventions.
Paul Collier is Professor of Economics and Public Policy at the Blavatnik School of Government in Oxford University and a Director of the International Growth Centre. Previous positions include Director of the Research Development Department of the World Bank. He has worked extensively in development economics, focusing on Africa. Recent books include The Bottom Billion (2007), Wars, Guns and Votes: Democracy in Dangerous Places (2009), The Plundered Planet: How to reconcile prosperity with nature (2010) and Exodus: How migration is changing our world (2013). He has written for the New York Times, the Financial Times, the Wall Street Journal, and the Washington Post.
Adam D. Dixon is Reader in Economic Geography and Director of the Geographies of Political Economy research group at the University of Bristol. His research focuses on comparative economic geography, the geography of finance, and the political economy of institutional investors. He received a DPhil from the University of Oxford, and Master's and Bachelor's degrees from L'Institut d'Etudes Politiques de Paris (Sciences Po) and The George Washington University in Washington, DC, respectively.
Kim Dovey is Professor of Architecture and Urban Design at the Melbourne School of Design, University of Melbourne. He was educated at Curtin University, University of Melbourne and UC Berkeley (PhD), and has taught at Berkeley, RMIT and Melbourne Universities. His research on social issues in architecture and urban design has focused on experiences of place and practices of power, including investigations of housing, shopping malls, corporate towers, urban waterfronts and the politics of public space. His books include Framing Places (Routledge, 1999), Fluid City (Routledge, 2005), Becoming Places (Routledge, 2010) and Urban Design Thinking (Bloomsbury, 2016). Current research projects are focused on the application of assemblage thinking to urban morphology, informal settlements and transit-oriented urban design.
Fábio Duarte is urban planner, scholar and research lead in the Senseable City Lab at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and Professor of Urban Management at the Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná, Brazil. Duarte has been research associate at Harvard Graduate School of Design, and visiting professor at the Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. A consultant to the World Bank, Duarte has worked in Latin America and India. He is the author of Space, Place, and Territory (Routledge, forthcoming).
Tim Edensor teaches cultural geography at Manchester Metropolitan University. He is the author of Tourists at the Taj (1998), National Identity, Popular Culture and Everyday Life (2002) and Industrial Ruins: Space, Aesthetics and Materiality (2005), as well as the editor of Geographies of Rhythm (2010) and co-editor of Spaces of Vernacular Creativity (2009). Tim has written extensively on national identity, tourism, industrial ruins, walking, driving, football cultures, rhythms and urban materiality. Most recently, he has focused on spaces of daylight, illumination and darkness. His latest book is From Light to Dark: Daylight, Illumination and Gloom (2017), published by Minnesota University Press.
Jasper Eshuis is Assistant Professor at the Department of Public Administration and Sociology, Erasmus University Rotterdam. His research interests are marketing and branding in the public sector, and co-production in complex governance processes. His research has been published [Page xvi]in various journals such as Urban Studies, Cities, Public Administration Review and Public Management Review. Together with Erik-Hans Klijn he wrote Branding in Governance and Public Management (Routledge, 2012)
Graeme Evans is Professor of Urban Cultures & Design and Director of the Art & Design Research Institute, Middlesex University School of Art & Design. He also holds the chair in Culture & Urban Development, Maastricht University. He has published widely on creative cities, cultural planning and policy, the creative economy and urban design, and advises culture ministries, Arts Councils, the Council of Europe and metropolitan authorities in this field. Recent studies include the role of culture in placemaking for the UK Cultural Ministry, and place branding and heritage for Historic England. He convenes the Regional Studies Association mega events research network (www.megaevents.org) and is a leading researcher on culture, mega events and regeneration.
John R. Gold is Professor of Urban Historical Geography in the Department of Social Sciences at Oxford Brookes University and Special Appointed Professor in the Graduate School of Governance Studies, Meiji University, Tokyo, Japan. He is the author or editor of 19 books on urban and cultural subjects and is currently working on the third of his trilogy on architectural modernism, entitled The Legacy of Modernism: Modern Architects, the City and the Collapse of Orthodoxy, 1973–1990.
Margaret M. Gold, Senior Lecturer in Creative Industries at London Metropolitan University, is the joint author of Imagining Scotland (Scolar Press, 1995) and Cities of Culture (Ashgate, 2005), and joint editor of The Making of Olympic Cities (Routledge, 2012). She is currently working with John Gold on Festival Cities: Culture, Planning and Urban Life since 1918 (Routledge, 2018).
Kevin Fox Gotham is Associate Dean of Graduate Programs, Grants and Research in the School of Liberal Arts (SLA) and Professor of Sociology at Tulane University. He has research interests in real estate and mortgage markets, the political economy of tourism and post-disaster redevelopment. He is author of Crisis Cities: Disaster and Redevelopment in New York and New Orleans (with Miriam Greenberg; Oxford University Press, 2014), Race, Real Estate and Uneven Development: The Kansas City Experience, 1900–2010 (SUNY Press, 2014, second edition), Authentic New Orleans: Race, Culture, and Tourism in the Big Easy (NYU Press, 2007) and Critical Perspectives on Urban Redevelopment (2001, Elsevier Press). He has authored over 100 peer-reviewed articles and book chapters on housing policy, racial segregation, urban redevelopment and tourism.
Christoph Haferburg is an urban geographer at the Institute for Geography, University of Erlangen-Nürnberg, and visiting Associate Professor in the School of Architecture and Planning, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg. His research deals inter alia with urban and social differentiation, property markets and the urban effects of mega events. With an epistemological background in theories of practice, he has been exploring societal and spatial aspects of urban development, especially in Southern Africa.
Shenjing He is Associate Professor in the Department of Urban Planning and Design at The University of Hong Kong. Her primary research interests focus on urban redevelopment/[Page xvii]gentrification, housing differentiation and socio-spatial inequality, rural–urban migration and urban poverty. She has published more than 70 journal articles and book chapters in English and Chinese. She is the co-author/co-editor of four books, and the lead guest editor of several special issues. Shenjing is currently the Chinese editor of Urban Studies and editorial advisory board member of Journal of Urban Affairs, Geography Compass, International Planning Studies and Area Development and Policy.
Robert Hollands is a Professor of Sociology at Newcastle University, England, and he has published widely around such topics as alternative urban cultures, nightlife, youth cultures and transitions, the egalitarian arts, smart cities and fringe festivals. He is the author of five books, including the co-authored Urban Nightscapes: Youth Cultures, Pleasure Spaces and Corporate Power (2003). His current research is funded by a Leverhulme Trust Major Research Fellowship grant (2015–2017) and is entitled ‘Urban Cultural Movements and the Struggle for Alternative Creative Spaces'.
Phil Hubbard is Professor of Urban Studies in the Department of Geography, King's College London. He has published widely on the social life of cities, with a particular focus on the relations of sexuality and space. His books include City (Routledge, 2006), Cities and Sexualities (Routledge, 2012) and The Battle for the High Street (Palgrave Macmillan, 2017).
Mark Jayne is Professor of Human Geography at Cardiff University, UK. He is a social and cultural geographer whose research interests include consumption, the urban order, city cultures and cultural economy. Mark has published around 75 journal articles, book chapters and official reports and has undertaken empirical research in the UK, Ireland, Slovakia, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Australia, the USA and China. Mark is author of Cities and Consumption (Routledge, 2005), co-author of Alcohol, Drinking, Drunkenness: (Dis)Orderly Spaces (Ashgate, 2011) and Childhood, Family, Alcohol (Ashgate, 2016). Mark is also co-editor of City of Quarters: Urban Villages in the Contemporary City (Ashgate, 2004), Small Cities: Urban Experience Beyond the Metropolis (Routledge, 2006), Urban Theory Beyond the West: A World of Cities (Routledge, 2012), Urban Theory: New Critical Perspectives (Routledge, 2016) and Chinese Urbanism: Critical Perspectives (Routledge, 2017).
Caroline Wanjiku Kihato is a Visiting Senior Researcher at the Graduate School of Architecture at the University of Johannesburg, South Africa. Her research and teaching interests are migration, gender, governance, urban land markets and urbanization in the global South. She is the author of Migrant Women of Johannesburg: Life in an in-between City (Palgrave Macmillan & Wits University Press, 2013) and co-editor of Urban Diversity: Space, Culture and Inclusive Pluralism in Cities Worldwide (Johns Hopkins, 2010).
Erik-Hans Klijn is Professor at the Department of Public Administration and Sociology, Erasmus University Rotterdam (The Netherlands). His research has focused on governance networks, network management, trust and topics like media attention and branding in governance. He has published widely in most Public Administration journals. His recent books include: Branding in Governance and Public Management (Routledge, 2012; together with Jasper Eshuis) and Governance Networks in the Public Sector (Routledge, 2016; together with Joop Koppenjan).[Page xviii]
Hannu Kukka is a post-doctoral researcher and holds the title of Docent in Ubiquitous and Urban Computing at the University of Oulu, Finland. His research interests include ubiquitous and urban computing, human information behaviour, and public displays. Kukka received a PhD in computer science from the University of Oulu, Finland.
Philip Lawton is a Lecturer in Human Geography at Maynooth University. His research interests focus on the intersection of public space, policy making and urban social change. His work has been published in TheInternational Journal of Urban and Regional Research, Cities and European Urban and Regional Studies.
Anna Luusua is a post-doctoral researcher and an architect at the Oulu School of Architecture, University of Oulu, Finland. Her research focuses on the empirical study of digitally augmented urban places from an experiential point of view. To study these themes, Dr Luusua developed a participatory design evaluation approach, which employs design-oriented and ethnographically based methods in a participatory manner. Luusua defended her PhD thesis in October 2016, passing her viva with distinction. Currently, she continues to study the role of technologies in urban environments in further projects funded by, for example, the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) and the Finnish Funding Agency for Innovation (TEKES).
Lénia Marques is a Senior Lecturer in Events and Leisure at Bournemouth University (UK). After obtaining her PhD in Literature in 2007 at the Universidade de Aveiro (Portugal), she completed a post-doctoral research project on Travelling and Arts at CEMRI (Portugal). She worked at the Universidade Aberta (Portugal) and later at NHTV Breda University of Applied Sciences (The Netherlands), where she was a lecturer in Imagineering and Research. She has published widely in the fields of comparative literature and travel writing, cultural tourism, events and placemaking. Her current research focuses on creativity and innovation in tourism, leisure and events.
Eugene McCann is Professor of Geography at Simon Fraser University, Canada. He researches policy mobilities, urban policy-making, planning, social and health policy, and urban politics. He is co-editor, with Kevin Ward, of Mobile Urbanism (Minnesota, 2011) and of Cities and Social Change, with Ronan Paddison (Sage, 2014). He is co-author, with Andy Jonas and Mary Thomas, of Urban Geography: A Critical Introduction (Wiley-Blackwell, 2015). He has published in a range of journals, including the Annals of the Association of American Geographers, the International Journal of Urban & Regional Research, Urban Geography, Urban Studies and Environment and Planning A. He is managing editor of Environment & Planning C: Politics + Space.
Christiana Miewald is an Adjunct Professor in the Department of Geography at Simon Fraser University, Canada. She is a community-based researcher focused on issues of food security, food justice and health, including the role of food provision as part of harm reduction. Her previous work has touched on issues of housing and food security as well as urban agriculture.
Sako Musterd is Professor in Urban Geography at the Department of Geography, Planning and International Development Studies at the University of Amsterdam. He has published on a wide range of topics, of which segregation, creative industries, and neighbourhood effects are among the most prominent. For more information, see http://www.uva.nl/profile/s.musterd[Page xix]
Garth Myers is Distinguished Professor of Urban International Studies at Trinity College Hartford, CT, USA. Myers has authored four books: Verandahs of Power: Colonialism and Space in Urban Africa; Disposable Cities: Garbage, Governance and Sustainable Development in Urban Africa; African Cities: Alternative Visions of Urban Theory and Practice; and Urban Environments in Africa: A Critical Analysis of Environmental Politics. He has co-edited two other books, along with more than 60 articles and book chapters on African development.
Eva Nada is currently doing a PhD on young people and unemployment policies in Switzerland at the Institute of Sociology of the University of Neuchâtel. She also has contributed to co-editing a report on nightlife in Geneva for the City's Cultural Department.
Timo Ojala is a Professor of Computer Science and the Director of the Center for Ubiquitous Computing at the University of Oulu where he is the PI of transdisciplinary research group Urban Computing and Cultures. He received MSc and DrTech degrees from the University of Oulu in 1992 and 1997, respectively. He has conducted research on computer vision, multimedia, ubiquitous and urban computing, human–computer interaction (HCI) and recently on hybrid reality. He has authored about 170 scientific publications, including the most cited paper published on engineering and computer science in Finland. He co-edited the book Citizen's Right to the Digital City published by (Springer in 2015). He has served as the founding co-chair of the 1st International Conference on Mobile and Ubiquitous Multimedia (MUM 2002), the general chair of MUM 2007, the general co-chair of PerDis 2016 and MUM 2016, and the chair of UBISS 2010–2016. He is a member of the ACM.
Can-Seng Ooi is a Sociologist and has worked on a number of topics related to the city. They include tourism and society, art worlds, cross-cultural encounters and branding places. His field sites include Singapore, Denmark and China. Australia has recently been added to the list; he is Professor of Cultural and Heritage Tourism at the School of Social Sciences, University of Tasmania. A large part of his academic career is at Copenhagen Business School where he is the Director of the Centre for Leisure and Culture Services, and Professor in International Business and Creative Industries.
Bradford Powers JD, LLM is a Pre-Doctoral Fellow in Tulane University's interdisciplinary PhD programme ‘City, Culture and Community'. He has research interests in post-disaster redevelopment, disaster risk reduction and the urban coast.
Junxi Qian is Assistant Professor in China Studies in the Department of Geography at the University of Hong Kong. His works are located at the intersection of geography, urban studies and cultural studies. He holds a BSc in Urban and Regional Planning from Sun Yat-sen University, China, and a PhD in Human Geography from the University of Edinburgh, Scotland, UK. His recent research focuses on changing place identities in transitional China, urban public space, ethnic minorities and frontiers, and the restructuring of urban China.
Bill Randolph is Professor and Director of the City Futures Research Centre at the University of New South Wales, Sydney. He has wide ranging experience in research on housing and urban policy in the academic, government, non-government and private sectors in the UK and Australia. His current research focuses on housing markets and policy, urban inequality and socio-spatial polarisation, urban renewal, high density housing and affordable housing.[Page xx]
Neil Reid is Professor of Geography and Planning and Director of the Jack Ford Urban Affairs Center at the University of Toledo. He is an economic geographer and regional scientist with research interests in industrial location, regional economic restructuring, and local economic development. His current research focuses on a number of areas including: the health of metropolitan labour markets in the United States; policies to deal with decline in America's shrinking cities; and the economic development opportunities surrounding America's rapidly growing craft brewing industry. Reid currently serves as Executive Director of the North American Regional Science Council. He is also Editor for the Americas for the journal Regional Science Policy and Practice, Book Review Editor for Economic Development Quarterly, and serves on the editorial boards of Applied Geography, and the Journal of Economic Development in Higher Education.
Pier Luigi Sacco (PhD, European University Institute) is Professor of Cultural Economics and Deputy Rector for International Relations and Research Networks, IULM University Milan, Senior Researcher at the MetaLAB (at) Harvard and Visiting Scholar, Harvard University. He is member of the Advisory Committee of Europeana Foundation, of the International Board for Research and Innovation of the Czech Republic and of the Commission for Cultural Economics and Museums of the Italian Ministry of Culture. He lectures and consults worldwide and has a vast international experience in cultural policy design and local development strategies. He has been keynote speaker for the European Commission (DG Culture and Education, DG Connect), UNESCO, the Council of Europe, and in the cultural policy conferences and workshops of the Lithuanian, Greek, Italian, Latvian and Dutch Semesters of Presidency of the European Union. Writes for Il Sole 24 Ore, Italy's main financial newspaper.
Sujata Shetty is an Associate Professor in the Department of Geography and Planning at the University of Toledo. She received her undergraduate degree in architecture from the School of Planning and Architecture, New Delhi, India, and her Master's and Doctoral degrees in urban and regional planning from the Taubman College of Architecture and Urban Planning at the University of Michigan. She has worked as an architect and as an urban planner concentrating on community-based planning, research and evaluation projects. Her research explores the role of planning in marginalized and under-resourced communities from multiple perspectives, including land use planning, urban design, community development, and international development planning. Most recently, she has focused on the planning challenges in mid-sized cities in the US industrial mid-west, particularly cities facing population loss. Her work has been published in a wide range of journals including Housing Policy Debate, Urban Design International and Community Development.
Daniel Silver is Associate Professor of Sociology at the University of Toronto and received his PhD from the Committee on Social Thought at the University of Chicago. He is author (with Terry Nichols Clark) of Scenescapes: How Qualities of Place Shape Social Life (University of Chicago Press) and editor (with Carl Grodach) of The Politics of Urban Cultural Policy: Global Perspectives (Routledge). His primary research areas include sociological theory, culture, and cities. He has written extensively on cultural policy, urban culture, and urban politics, as well as on general topics in sociological theory that extend insights from pragmatism, Georg Simmel, and Talcott Parsons.
Tom Slater is Reader in Urban Geography at the University of Edinburgh. His undergraduate studies in Geography at Queen Mary, University of London (graduated 1998) triggered research interests in the institutional arrangements producing and reinforcing urban inequalities, [Page xxi]and in the ways in which marginalized urban dwellers organize against injustices visited upon them. He has written extensively on gentrification (notably the co-authored books, Gentrification, 2008, and The Gentrification Reader, 2010), displacement from urban space, territorial stigmatization, welfare reform and social movements. Since 2010 he has delivered lectures in 18 different countries on these issues. His work has been translated into eight different languages and circulates widely to inform struggles for urban social justice. For more information, see http://www.geos.ed.ac.uk/homes/tslater
Ian Smith is Senior Lecturer in the Department of Accounting, Economics and Finance at the University of the West of England, Bristol. He has published and researched how neighbourhoods respond to economic, social and environmental challenges and has worked with both regenerating and suburban neighbourhood communities. He has worked on a range of research projects that investigate how suburban communities respond to climate change (SNACC project – EPSRC-funded), how communities self-organize in response to climate change issues (SELFCITY project – JPI/ESRC-funded) and how built environment professionals learn new subject knowledge in response to sustainability challenges (ESRC-funded) posed by building new neighbourhoods. He has also worked on evaluations of neighbourhood renewal policy in England including the National Evaluation of the New Deal for Communities.
Malte Steinbrink is a Social Geographer at the Institute of Geography and at the Institute of Migration Research and Intercultural Studies (IMIS) at the University of Osnabrück, Germany. He is also a senior research fellow of the University of Johannesburg, South Africa. His research and publications focus on the nexus of mobility and development, inequality and urban dynamics in the Global South, especially in Brazil and Southern Africa.
Clovis Ultramari is an Architect and urban planner, Professor of Urban Management at the Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná, Brazil, and at the Universidade Federal do Paraná. Ultramari has been visiting scholar at the University of California Los Angeles, George Washington University, and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Ultramari has worked with urban planning around the world, including Latin America, Russia, and Angola. Ultramari is co-editor of ICT for mobile and ubiquitous urban infrastructures (IGI Global). Recently, Ultramari has been working on the transfer of ideas in urban studies, and mutual influence between literature and cities.
Nienke van Boom is Lecturer and PhD-candidate at the Academy for Leisure, NHTV Breda. She has a master's degree in both Leisure Studies and European Urban Cultures. Her research and teaching activities focus on leisure, culture, creativity and urban studies. She currently works on a PhD-research on the role of amenities in attracting and retaining human capital to urban regions.
Anthony J. Venables is Professor of Economics at Oxford University where he directs a programme of research on urbanisation in developing countries. He is a Fellow of the Econometric Society, the Regional Science Association and the British Academy. Former positions include chief economist at the UK Department for International Development and professor at the London School of Economics. He has published extensively in the areas of international trade and spatial economics, including work on economic integration, multinational firms, economic geography, and natural resources. Publications include The Spatial Economy, Cities, [Page xxii]Regions and International Trade, with M. Fujita and P. Krugman (1999), and Multinationals in the World Economy with G. Barba Navaretti (2004).
Johanna Ylipulli is a Cultural Anthropologist working as a postdoctoral researcher at the University of Oulu, at the Center for Ubiquitous Computing. She specializes in interdisciplinary research which combines perspectives from anthropology, HCI and architecture. Methodologically, her focus is on qualitative and creative methods. She has worked within diverse fieldwork settings and planned several design-related empirical studies. In her PhD thesis (2015), Dr Ylipulli explored the design and appropriation processes of novel urban technologies by combining ethnography and methods of design studies. She completed her thesis while working in two research projects funded by the Academy of Finland, UBI Anthropos and UBI Metrics. Her current research focuses on sociocultural questions concerning virtual reality and augmented reality in urban spaces.
With 34 chapters and nearly 600 pages of text, The SAGE Handbook of New Urban Studies is a formidable undertaking. We would like to thank all the authors who decided to join us on this momentous journey and who gracefully responded to our constant requests and reminders. The original idea and initiative for the Handbook came from Chris Rojek, who patiently nourished the project and kept it going through many detours and delays. Many thanks indeed, Chris. Plaudits also to Cinthya Guzman and Martin Lukk, doctoral students in sociology at the University of Toronto, who carefully and adeptly copy edited the draft manuscript. We are also grateful to the many editing and production staff at SAGE who saw the book through the preparation and production stages. As noted in the Introduction, as the Handbook was taking shape, one of us (JH) was invited to lead a roundtable discussion on the subject of the cutting edge of urban studies at the Cities Research Cluster, National University of Singapore. Thanks to Tim Bunnell for organizing this event. Closer to home, JH would also like to thank his family, especially his wife Ruth, for their unwavering support and encouragement. GR would also like to thank his family for their support, and the many people who hosted me on my constant travels between cities large and small.