- Subject index
The SAGE Handbook of Nature offers an ambitious retrospective and prospective overview of the field that aims to position Nature, the environment and natural processes, at the heart of interdisciplinary social sciences. The three volumes are divided into the following parts: INTRODUCTION TO THE HANDBOOK NATURAL AND SOCIO-NATURAL VULNERABILITIES: INTERWEAVING THE NATURAL & SOCIAL SCIENCES SPACING NATURES: SUSTAINABLE PLACE MAKING AND ADAPTATION COUPLED AND (DE-COUPLED) SOCIO-ECOLOGICAL SYSTEMS RISK AND THE ENVIRONMENT: SOCIAL THEORIES, PUBLIC UNDERSTANDINGS, & THE SCIENCE-POLICY INTERFACE HUNGRY AND THIRSTY CITIES AND THEIR REGIONS CRITICAL CONSUMERISM AND ITS MANUFACTURED NATURES GENDERED NATURES AND ECO-FEMINISM REPRODUCTIVE NATURES: PLANTS, ANIMALS AND PEOPLE NATURE, CLASS AND SOCIAL INEQUALITY BIO-SENSITIVITY & THE ECOLOGIES OF HEALTH THE RESOURCE NEXUS AND ITS RELEVANCE SUSTAINABLE URBAN COMMUNITIES RURAL NATURES AND THEIR CO-PRODUCTION This handbook is a key critical research resource for researchers and practitioners across the social sciences and their contributions to related disciplines associated with the fast developing interdisciplinary field of sustainability science.
Chapter 66: Metabolism of Global Cities: London, Manchester, Chicago
Metabolism of Global Cities: London, Manchester, Chicago
The metabolism of cities is at the heart of urban natures. How do cities emerge, endure and change as they exchange materials and energy with their environments (Barles, 2005; Daviron & Allaire, 2017; Gonzales de Molina & Toledo, 2014, pp. 59–85)? Metabolism is the conversion of energy from outside an organism into its life-sustaining processes. Seen this way, cities in the twenty-first century have inherited multiple intertwined legacies since humans began to settle with willing plants and animals into relatively permanent dwelling places thousands of years ago (Mumford, 1961).
Cities are a useful lens to understand how permanent human settlements are related to near and distant landscapes, that is, to places ...