The SAGE Handbook of Nature: Three Volume Set


Edited by: Terry Marsden

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    International Advisory and Editorial Board

    Susan Baker, Cardiff University, UK

    Shonil Bhagwat, The Open University, UK

    Alison Blay-Palmer, Wilfrid Laurier University, Canada

    Raimund Bleischwitz, University College London, UK

    Susan Buckingham, Independent Researcher, UK

    Anthony Capon, University of Sydney, Australia

    Jan Douwe van der Ploeg, Wageningen University, The Netherlands

    Alex Franklin, Coventry University, UK

    Wendy Larner, Victoria University, Wellington, New Zealand

    Brian MacGillivray, Cardiff University, UK

    Mara Miele, Cardiff University, UK

    Peter Oosterveer, Wageningen University, The Netherlands

    Roberta Sonnino, Cardiff University, UK

    Gert Spaargaren, Wageningen University, The Netherlands


    To nature's explorers: past, present and future.

    List of Figures

    List of Tables

    Notes on the Editor and Contributors

    The Editor

    Terry Marsden holds the established Chair in Environmental Planning and Policy in the School of Geography and Planning at Cardiff University (since 1995); and is Director of the Sustainable Places Research Institute, at Cardiff, (since 2010). The Institute is a University –wide investment bringing together researchers from over 10 schools and disciplines in order to advance interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary sustainability science. It currently attracts significant additional funding and investment , holding over 40 core interdisciplinary staff (including a range of post-doctoral and PhD programmes) all committed to different aspects of sustainable place-making. Terry holds longstanding research interests in sustainability science and place-making, rural-urban development and governance, and agri-food studies. He has published widely in these fields, and it committed to engaging in related policy and practice debates through a variety of different media and advisory roles. He holds a series of visiting Professorial posts in Latin America, North America, and Europe.

    The Contributors

    Kjell Andersson is Professor (emeritus) in Rural Studies at the Åbo Akademi University, Vaasa, Finland. He has been working with rural-urban and environmental issues for over two decades and has been involved in several both international and Finnish/Scandinavian research networks. He has published extensively in three languages: English, Swedish and Finnish. From 2003 to 2015 he was the treasurer of the European Society for Rural Sociology and involved in its biannual congresses, major events in rural and environmental studies globally.

    Philip Andrews-Speed is a Senior Principal Fellow at the Energy Studies Institute, National University of Singapore. He has 35 years in the field of energy and resources, starting his career as a mineral and oil exploration geologist before moving into the field of energy and resource governance. Until 2010 he was Professor of Energy Policy at the University of Dundee and Director of the Centre of Energy, Petroleum and Mineral Law and Policy. His main research interest is the political economy of energy and resource governance, at national, regional and global scales. China has been a principal geographic focus of his research for 25 years. Recent books include China, Oil and Global Politics with Roland Dannreuther, The Governance of Energy in China: Transition to a Low-Carbon Economy, and Want, Waste or War? The Global Resource Nexus and the Struggle for Land, Energy, Food, Water and Minerals with five co-authors

    Seema Arora-Jonsson is Associate Professor and Chair for Rural Development in Sweden and Europe in the Department of Urban and Rural Development at the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences. At the centre of her research and teaching interests is a critical engagement with theories of development, environmental governance and gender. She works with questions of rural and environmental democracy: changing civil society and state relations, global environmental governance and rural citizenship, and the role of natural resource bureaucracies in rural development. These themes are all shaped by the need to examine rural development and environmental governance in their specific and particular situations, but in the context of wider currents. Questions of gender, race, ethnicity, class and geography are central to her analyses. Her research approach includes participatory research and ethics and analyzing environmental issues from a North–South perspective in the globalizing context of environmental governance.

    Dr Joseph Arvai is the Max McGraw Professor of Sustainable Enterprise in the School for Environment & Sustainability and the Ross School of Business at the University of Michigan. He is also the Director of the Erb Institute for Global Sustainable Enterprise at the University of Michigan, and is a senior researcher with Decision Research in Eugene, Oregon. He conducts research on how people process information and make decisions, with a specific emphasis on how they make tradeoffs. Joe and his team develop and test decision-support approaches that can be used to improve decision quality across a wide range of environmental, social and economic contexts.

    Robin Attfield was born in 1941, and holds an MA from Oxford University, a PhD from the University of Wales, and a DLitt from Cardiff University. He worked as a Lecturer in Philosophy at Cardiff University from 1968, was appointed a professor in 1991, and retired in 2009, becoming an Emeritus Professor. He also taught philosophy in Nigeria and Kenya. His books include God and The Secular (1976 and 1993), The Ethics of Environmental Concern (1983 and 1991), A Theory of Value and Obligation (1987), Environmental Philosophy (1994), Value, Obligation and Meta-Ethics (1995), The Ethics of the Global Environment (1999 and 2015), Environmental Ethics (2003 and 2014), Creation, Evolution and Meaning (2006), The Ethics of the Environment (2008) and Ethics: An Overview (2012). His latest book, Wonder, Value and God, was published by Routledge in 2016.

    Shonil Bhagwat is an environmental geographer with broad research interests at the cross-section between natural and social sciences. His research centres on the links between environment and development. In particular, his research engages critically with discussions on a variety of key environmental concerns: agriculture and food security, biodiversity conservation, climate change, ecosystem services and sustainability. It addresses these perceived grand environmental challenges within the context of growing discussion on the Anthropocene, the age of humans. He is currently Senior Lecturer in Geography and Director of the Open Space Research Centre at The Open University. Before joining The Open University in February 2013, he directed an international and interdisciplinary masters programme in Biodiversity, Conservation and Management at the School of Geography and the Environment, University of Oxford, UK (2009–13). He has also held post-doctoral research appointments at the University of Oxford (2006–9) and at the Natural History Museum, London, UK (2003–6).

    Susan Baker gained her doctorate (1987) at the European University Institute, Florence, Italy, having undertaken a BA and MA in Economics at the National University of Ireland. She is Professor of Environmental Policy, Cardiff School of Social Sciences and Co-Director, Sustainable Places Research Institute, Cardiff University. She held a royal appointment as Professor of Environmental Science to the King Carl VI Gustaff of Sweden, the first female to hold this position. In 2013, she was elected Fellow of the Royal Swedish Academy of Agriculture and Forestry. Her research focuses on the governance of social and ecological processes to promote sustainable futures. She has been appointment to the Multidisciplinary Expert Panel of the UN IPBES, and has acted as scientific advisor to the UN, European Commission, Swedish Environmental Protection Agency and Welsh Government. She has over 160 scientific publications, including her most recent, Sustainable Development: A New Perspective. Her work has been translated into several languages and she has presented papers at numerous international scientific gatherings

    Sergio Barile is Full Professor of Economics and Business Management at Sapienza University of Rome, where he is Head of the Management Department. He is a member of the SiMAS Scientific Committee at the University of Salerno. His areas of research include government and business management, systems theory, decision theory and complexity. He founded the Association for Research on Viable Systems (ASVSA) and is one of the main references for the studies concerning the Viable Systems Approach (ASV). He is a member of the editorial board of journals dealing with business management, and author of numerous books and articles published in national and international journals, including European Management Journal, Journal of Service Theory and Practice (previously: Managing Service Quality), Journal of Service Management, Systems Research and Behavioral Science, Service Science (Informs). In 2015 he received the Evert Gummesson Outstanding Research Award.

    Jane Battersby is a Senior Researcher at the African Centre for Cities (University of Cape Town, South Africa), where she heads up the food security and food systems cluster. A geographer by training, she is currently the Research Coordinator of the ESRC-funded Consuming Urban Poverty project and the PI- and IDRC-funded Nourishing Spaces project. She is the Premio Carasso Laureate 2017. Her work focuses on urban food security, food systems and the right to food. She has particular interests in the nutrition transition in Africa, linking SDGs 2 and 11 and food in the New Urban Agenda.

    Christopher Bear is Senior Lecturer in Human Geography at Cardiff University. His research centres on the relationships between humans, animals and technologies. These interests have been developed through a wide range of empirical contexts, ranging from recreational fisheries to dairy farming. He recently completed ESRC-funded research on the adoption of robotic milking technologies in the dairy sector. He is currently researching the UK's emergent edible insect sectors, developing his long-standing interest in the place of animals within food production systems. He is Associate Editor of Society and Animals.

    Ruth Beilin leads the Landscape and Environmental Sociology lab in the School of Ecosystem and Forest Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Melbourne. She is also Deputy Director Office for Environmental Programs at the University of Melbourne. Her research focuses on the landscape as the site of social and ecological encounter and as a critical theorist, is particularly concerned with everyday practice as the site of change. Ruth's research focuses on how people live in the landscape: how they shape it, how it shapes them, and what power they exercise in order to change our land and water management. She publishes widely in interdisciplinary and discipline based journals.

    Filippo Bertoni works at the interface between anthropology and feminist science studies. He received his doctorate from Amsterdam University, studying how earthworms and their scientists can help us rearticulate politics, nature and science. During his postdoc with AURA (Aarhus University Research on the Anthropocene), he continued to pursue this interest by focusing on the circulation of knowledges and practices between earth, planetary and life sciences, attending in particular to histories of extraction and knowing in Rio Tinto, Spain. To tell the diverse stories that come to shape the planet, he plays with genres, styles and media, writing at the edges of imaginative fiction with PRAXXstudio.

    Douglas Bessette is an Assistant Professor for Energy Systems in the Department of Community Sustainability at Michigan State University. His research is devoted to examining energy transitions, testing decision-support tools for use in sustainable energy portfolio development, and studying the level of calibration that exists between decision-makers’ stated objectives and their policy preferences across a wide range of social and environmental contexts. Those contexts have included natural resource management in the US Midwest, climate risk management in the US South and sustainable energy planning in western Canada. All of his work incorporates insights from behavioural decision research; examples can be found in Energy Policy, Risk Analysis and Environmental Science & Technology.

    Alison Blay-Palmer is the Centre for Innovative Governance Chair in Sustainable Food Systems at the Balsillie School for International Affairs, Wilfrid Laurier University. She is the lead investigator for Food: Locally Embedded Globally Engaged (FLEdGE) a Canadian-based international partnership engaged in research and knowledge sharing to enhance food system sustainability funded by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada. With Elodie Valette (CIRAD, Montpellier, FR) she is the co-lead for Urbal, a research project that explores mapping innovation pathways for sustainable urban food. She serves as an international advisor to Sustainable Places Research Institute at Cardiff University. As the Director for the Laurier Centre for Sustainable Food Systems, she is a RUAF Foundation partner and was a Scientific Advisor to the UN-Food and Agriculture Organization in 2017.

    Raimund Bleischwitz is Chair in Sustainable Global Resources at University College London (UCL), and Deputy Director at the UCL Institute for Sustainable Resources (UCL ISR). He is Principal Investigator of an international collaborative project on the circular economy in China (SINCERE), and participates in a number of EU projects on eco-innovation and raw minerals (Green.EU/Inno4SD, RECREATE, POLFREE, Minatura, Mica). His recent book written with five international co-authors is Want, Waste, or War? The Global Resource Nexus and the Struggle for Land, Energy, Food, Water and Minerals (Routledge/Earthscan, 2015; He is also main editor of the forthcoming Routledge Handbook of the Resource Nexus (

    Susan Buckingham has over thirty years’ experience of academic research and teaching, and fifteen years’ experience of volunteering in women's organisations. She now works independently on projects that advance environmental and gender justice, including advising a number of EU projects on gender in environmental research. Susan has published widely on gender and environment, most recently co-editing Understanding Climate Change through Gender Relations with Virginie Le Masson, and is writing a second edition of Gender and Environment. She is also the series editor for the Routledge book series on Gender and Environment. Susan is also a yoga teacher and has recently written about yoga in research, in the context of her work with vulnerable women. Susan's website is at

    Colin D. Butler is an Australian born and based scholar, author, editor and activist. In 2014, he became the first, and so far the only, health contributor to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change to be arrested for civil disobedience concerning climate change. Butler was seeking to draw attention to the immorality of the aggressive expansion of Australian coal exports. In 1989, Butler co-founded two non-government organisations (BODHI and BODHI Australia), still actively promoting health and development via partners in India and Bangladesh. Each of these NGOs (one in Australia, one in the United States) has a Buddhist influence. Butler has honorary appointments at the Australian National University and the University of Canberra, Australia. In 2014, he co-founded the organisation Health Earth. In 2009, Butler was named one of ‘a hundred doctors for the planet’ by the French Environmental Health Association.

    Victoria Campbell-Arvai is a research scientist at the University of Michigan School for Environment & Sustainability. She conducts research aimed at improving our understanding of the roles played by knowledge, values, attitudes and beliefs as drivers of direct and indirect pro-environmental behaviours. She also studies individual and community engagement with environmental issues more broadly. Because positive environmental attitudes do not always lead to pro-environmental behaviours, she also conducts research and practice on the role of information provision and behavioural interventions designed to motivate and support behaviours that lead to positive environmental outcomes.

    Anthony Capon is the inaugural Professor of planetary health at the University of Sydney. A former director of the global health institute at United Nations University (UNU-IIGH), Tony is a public health physician and an authority on environmental health and health promotion. His research focuses on urbanisation, sustainable development and human health. Tony is a member of The Rockefeller Foundation–Lancet Commission on Planetary Health which published its report Safeguarding human health in the Anthropocene epoch in 2015. He is also a member of the boards of the International Society for Urban Health and the Frank Fenner Foundation.

    Minpeng Chen holds a bachelor degree in environmental economics from China Renmin University and a PhD in environmental engineering from Tsinghua University. She joined the Institute of Environment and Sustainable Development in Agriculture in 2009, and became a full professor at Renmin University of China in 2017. She has more than 15 years’ experience in the fields of environmental modelling, agricultural diffuse pollution and climate change, and has undertaken many policy consulting services in the areas of environment and agriculture for various stakeholders in China, the United Nations Development Programme, the United Nations Environment Programme, the Asian Development Bank, the World Bank and the Global Environment Facility (GEF) since 2002. Her research focuses on nutrient flows and environmental impacts and relevant policy analysis.

    Leanne Cullen-Unsworth is a Research Fellow at the Sustainable Places Research Institute (PLACE) at Cardiff University. Her research interests broadly are in coupled social-ecological systems and sustainability in the marine environment, in particular, marine and coastal resource use and management. She currently focuses on seagrass meadows and leads an international project investigating drivers of seagrass decline across multiple scales throughout SE Asia. Through her role as a director of Project Seagrass she is also working to improve our understanding of seagrass systems in the UK and raise awareness of their ecosystem service value. Co-development of solutions to resource problems using a variety of mixed methodological approaches, including cooperative research, is a strong interest of hers. Her most recent publications can be found in Global Change Biology; Journal of Applied Ecology; and Ecosystem Services.

    Carole Dalin is a senior research fellow in the Institute of Sustainable Resources at University College London. She holds an Independent Research Fellowship funded by the UK Natural Environment Research Council, focusing on the environmental sustainability of global food production and trade. Carole was previously a post-doctoral researcher in the Grantham Research Institute at the London School of Economics. There, she worked with Declan Conway on the water–food–energy nexus of Southern Africa, and on the socio-economic implications of climate forecasts. She obtained her PhD in Environmental Engineering and Water Resources from Princeton University in 2014, advised by Ignacio Rodriguez-Iturbe, along with her Certificate in Science, Technology and Environmental Policy, advised by Denise Mauzerall. Her doctoral thesis focuses on water resource transfers, through Chinese and international agricultural trade. Carole obtained a Diplome d'Ingénieur from Ecole Centrale Paris (France) in 2011, with majors in Physics, Chemistry and Environmental Science.

    Jane Dixon is Senior Fellow at the National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, Australian National University. Jane is Visiting Research Fellow, International Institute for Global Health, United Nations University and recently was the Leverhulme Trust Visiting Professor, Centre for Food Policy, City University London. Her research takes place at the intersection of cultural sociology and public health, and focuses on transformations within national food systems with interests in consumer power, producer livelihoods and retail. She has advised numerous bodies on food security and how to reduce non-communicable diseases, including the International Union on Health Promotion and Education and WHO Western Pacific Regional Office. Her recent co-edited books include When Culture Impacts Health and Health of People, Places and Planet: Reflections based on Tony McMichael's four decades of contribution to epidemiological understanding. She sits on the editorial boards of Agriculture & Human Values and World Food Policy.

    Zerihun Doffana is currently Assistant Professor of Social Anthropology & Sociology at the College of Social Sciences & Humanities, Hawassa University, Ethiopia, with a PhD in Anthropology and Bio-cultural Diversity Management and Conservation from the School of Anthropology & Conservation, University of Kent, England (May 2015) & an MA in Social Anthropology from Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia (August 2001). Zerihun has over twenty years’ experience of teaching and conducting inter-disciplinary research as a student in Ethiopia and England, as a faculty member at Hawassa University and as a consultant carrying out research and training for academia and NGOs. Some of these organizations include The Christensen Fund, UNDP, UNICEF, Addis Ababa Civil Service University, Ministry of Health and Council of Nationalities of the SNNPRS. His research experience and interest areas include ethnographic, survey and ethnohistorical research; studies of identity, livelihoods, nature-culture nexus; ethnobiology, traditional conservation, health and economic development and their socio-cultural impacts. Many of these research undertakings culminated in numerous solo- and co-authored reports and publications. Zerihun has also a good record as an educator, having published two teaching materials in anthropology and sociology that are in use in Ethiopian universities since 2005. He has publications (either completed, under review or forthcoming) in such reputable publications as Malaria Journal; COGENT- Food and Agriculture Journal; and Equinox Journal of Religion, Nature and Culture. Zerihun further maintains an interest in CAQDAS (Computer-assisted qualitative data analysis software) and provides training seminars in the same to faculty members and research staff in the academia and government institutions.

    Teresa Domenech Aparisi has a PhD in Industrial Symbiosis and is a Teaching and Research Fellow at the Institute for Sustainable Resources, University College London and Course Director of the newly created MSc Sustainable Resources. Her expertise revolves around the areas of sustainable production systems, industrial symbiosis, policies for sustainability and the circular economy. She is co-founder of the UCL- Circular Economy Lab (CircEL). She was part of the BSI committee BSI SDS/1/10 Sustainable Resource Management, which launched in 2017 the BS 8001 Framework for implementing circular economy principles in organisations, being the first standard of its kind. She is PI of EC commissioned “study for a Platform for Industrial Symbiosis at the EU level” and is also involved in a number of international research projects on sustainable urban manufacturing and circular economy

    Isabelle Durance is the Director of the Cardiff University Water Research Institute that brings together researchers across the natural and social sciences to address the challenge of water for people and ecosystems. Isabelle has a background in agronomy, and her current research as a landscape ecologist uses freshwater ecosystems as a model to investigate the links between changing landscapes, biodiversity and ecosystem services. In her various advisory roles to government (e.g. UK Natural Environment Research Council –NERC - strategic programmes and joint capital advisory groups) or charities (e.g. World Wildlife Fund science programme committee, Ecosystem Service Partnership steering committee), she is actively involved in promoting interdisciplinary research. She was the lead of the recently completed £3.1m NERC Duress project on the role of river biodiversity in sustaining ecosystem services, and is currently the lead of the Water Security Alliance, an interdisciplinary initiative which brings together more than 200 water researchers across four world leading universities in the Great Western UK. Isabelle is also keen to promote the next generation of multidisciplinary water scientists to tackle global water challenges and leads the UK NERC Center for Doctoral Training in Freshwater Bioscience and Sustainability.

    Ferne Edwards has more than a decade of research experience on sustainable cities, food systems and social change. With a PhD in cultural anthropology (Australian National University 2015), she has conducted ethnographic research on ICT-mediated food sharing, food waste and freeganism, ethical consumption, urban beekeeping, and alternative food economies in Australia, Venezuela and Spain. Ferne has led and worked collaboratively in interdisciplinary research teams for Irish, Australian and international research bodies, and has contributed to policy reports for the Australian national scientific bodies, CSIRO and the National Climate Change Research Facility. In 2013, Ferne was appointed a World Social Science Fellow by the International Social Science Council and in 2016 became a Fellow of the Australian Anthropology Society and an Associate at RMIT University. Ferne currently works as a Postdoctoral Research Fellow on the ERC funded project, SHARECITY, at Trinity College Dublin, Ireland.

    David Evans is a professorial research fellow in the Faculty of Social Sciences at the University of Sheffield. His research explores the role of material and cultural practices in the co-ordination of moral and political economies. He is currently working on an ESRC-funded project that addresses the enactment of ‘freshness’ in food systems. This reflects current interests in how conventions facilitate processes of economic organisation, and the ways in which qualities provide the basis of exchange. He is the author of Food Waste: Home Consumption, Material Culture and Everyday Life (Bloomsbury, 2014).

    Christina Ender is a passionate conservationist and committed to protecting nature's ecosystems, safeguard indigenous peoples and local communities’ rights and involvement, and work in collaborating with policy makers to shape and implement national level conservation programs. She holds a Master degree from the University of Oxford in Biodiversity, Conservation and Management, and worked for the private sector carbon development company Wildlife Works in Kenya at the time of writing the article. She is currently the Senior Technical Manager for Payments for Ecosystem Services as Conservation International's Africa regional office in Nairobi, Kenya.

    Francesca Farioli is Director of the Italian Association for Sustainability Science and co-founder of the International Society for Sustainability Science- United Nations University. She has been researcher at CIRPS-Interuniversity Research Centre for Sustainable Development and Assistant Professor at the Integrated Research System for Sustainability Science (IR3S), University of Tokyo where she focused on epistemological and methodological foundations of Sustainability Science. She serves on the board of the International Conferences on Sustainability Science, is co-editor and reviewer for Sustainability Science journal and the International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, member of editorial board of the international multidisciplinary journal Challenges in Sustainability. Member of UNESCO Italian National Committee Education for Sustainable Development- Agenda 2030. She formed part of experts for indicators development and good practices for the Global Bioenergy Partnership and FAO Bioenergy and Food Security Criteria and Indicators (BEFSCI) Project, and has served as evaluator for FAO. As a political scientist her research interests focus on science-policy-society interface, participatory approaches, problem-solving and solution-oriented transformative research, transformative education, design of evaluative frameworks she has applied with different purposes and in diverse geographical contexts. She is co-author of the paper “From complex systems analysis to transformational change: a comparative appraisal of sustainability science projects” which in 2012 has received Sustainability Science Best Paper Awards.

    Debbie Field obtained a Masters in Adult Education from the University of Toronto's Ontario Institute for Studies in Education and an Honorary Doctor of Laws from York University. She has worked as a community college teacher and union organiser, and was the Executive Director of FoodShare Toronto for 25 years. An international leader in creating a more socially just and environmentally sustainable food system, Field has generated innovative solutions to problems at all levels of the food system. A social activist, Field has contributed to both movement-building and policy change at the municipal, provincial and federal levels. Field is currently a Visiting Practitioner at Ryerson University working with the Centre for Studies in Food Security, supporting students and working on a project on food community organisations in Canada.

    Alex Franklin is a senior research fellow at the Centre for Agroecology, Water and Resilience (CAWR), Coventry University. Her research interests include sustainable place-making, shared practice, community resource use, rural development and human–animal relations. Alex specialises in qualitative research techniques, with much of her work informed by a participatory action research approach to study design. Although originally a human geographer by training, her involvement since 2005 in inter-, multi- and trans-disciplinary research practice sees her identifying more closely these days with the broader field of (social) sustainability science. For the period 2012–15 she was a co-editor of the international Journal of Environmental Policy and Planning, and currently serves as an editorial board member of SociologiaRuralis. For the period 2018–22 Alex, together with colleagues at CAWR and consortium members from six European countries, will co-ordinate a MSCA-ITN H2020 European Training Network addressing ‘Resourceful and Resilient Community Environmental Practice’ (RECOMS).

    Fabrizio Frascaroli is a postdoctoral researcher at the Department of Biological, Geological and Environmental Sciences of the University of Bologna. A scholar and an activist, his main interests focus on the symbolic, political, and biological implications of the remnants of rural cultures in Western Europe. Before joining the University of Bologna, he was a visiting postdoctoral fellow at the University of Florida and research associate at the University of Zurich. He is also an honorary member of the ICCA Consortium and serves on the board of professional groups working at the interface of nature and spiritual values, including the Religion and Conservation Biology Working Group of the Society for Conservation Biology, and IUCN's specialist group on the Cultural and Spiritual Values of Protected Areas.

    Harriet Friedmann is Professor Emeritus of Sociology, University of Toronto. She was recently Visiting Professor, Institute of Political Economy, Carleton University, Institute of Social Studies, The Hague, CPDA, Rio de Janeiro, and CIRAD, Montpellier. Her publications span several aspects of food and agriculture, notably as co-developer of the historical food regimes approach, and on family farms. Her recent publications are on international policies and ecological theories related to food system transformation and emergent governance across social/natural scales, as cities and capital have reorganized the biosphere and ethnosphere. Her current project is Global Political Ecology of Food. Friedmann was Chair of the Toronto Food Policy Council within Toronto Public Health in the 1990s, and is now in her third term as councillor. She serves on several editorial boards of food, agriculture, and global change journals and several nonprofit boards, e.g., USC-Canada, which supports small farmers in its Seeds of Survival projects across the world, and Toronto Advisory Committee for the FAO-RUAF city-food region project. She was Chair of the Political Economy of the World-System Research Section of the American Sociological Association, and participated in the IAASTD Global Report. She received the 2011 Lifetime Achievement award by the Canadian Association of Food Studies.

    Howard Frumkin, a physician and epidemiologist, is Professor of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences at the University of Washington School of Public Health, where he served as Dean from 2010-2016. Previously he directed the National Center for Environmental Health and Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (NCEH/ATSDR) at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Dr. Frumkin's research interests include public health aspects of the built environment, climate change, energy policy, and nature contact. He is author or co-author of over 200 scientific journal articles and chapters, and his books include Urban Sprawl and Public Health (2004), Safe and Healthy School Environments (2006), Green Healthcare Institutions: Health, Environment, Economics (2007), Making Healthy Places: Designing and Building for Health, Well-Being, and Sustainability (2011) and Environmental Health: From Global to Local (Third Edition, 2016). Dr. Frumkin was educated at Brown (A.B.), Penn (M.D.), and Harvard (M.P.H. and Dr.P.H.).

    JC Gaillard is an Associate Professor at The University of Auckland. His work focuses on developing participatory tools for engaging minority groups in disaster risk reduction with an emphasis on ethnic and gender minorities, prisoners, children and homeless people. More details from:

    Peter R.W. Gerritsen is a senior lecturer-researcher at the Department for Ecology and Natural Resources at the South Coast University Centre of the University de Guadalajara in Autlán de Navarro, Jalisco state, in western México. He obtained a M.Sc.-degree in Agroforestry and Social Forestry (Wageningen University, the Netherlands) in 1990, and a Ph.D.-degree in Social Sciences (2002), with a specialization in Rural Sociology (Wageningen University, the Netherlands). Dr. Gerritsen has been working for more than twenty-five years in action research and development. His research lines include the different aspects related to rural sociology and rural development.

    Alison M. Gill is a professor with a joint appointment in the Department of Geography and the School of Resource and Environmental Management, Simon Fraser University, Vancouver, Canada. Her research interests are in the evolution of destinations with respect to issues of growth management, sustainability and governance. Much of her empirical work has focused on mountain resort communities, especially Whistler, British Columbia. Institutional arrangements and the politics of place are important theoretical constructs underpinning her interest in understanding transitions towards sustainable futures.

    Adnan A. Hezri is an Honorary Associate Professor at the Fenner School of Environment and Society, The Australian National University and a Visiting Scholar at The Centre for Southeast Asian Studies, Kyoto University. He is also an elected Fellow of the Academy of Sciences Malaysia. His work spans areas such as green economy, environmental policy, natural resources governance and sustainable development strategy. In 2015, the United Nations Environment selected him as a Member of the prestigious International Resource Panel (IRP), a global expert body that focuses on strategic issues of resource scarcity, efficiency and decoupling. He has also consulted for governments and international organisations such as UNDP, UNICEF, UNESCAP and UNRISD. His book The Sustainability Shift: Refashioning Malaysia's Future was published in 2016.

    Kerryn Higgs is an Australian researcher, author and activist. She published Collision Course: Endless Growth on a Finite Planet (MIT Press) in 2014. The book explores widespread resistance to ideas about limits; traces the elevation of growth as the central objective of policy-makers; and examines the mounting influence of corporate-funded think tanks dedicated to the propagation of neoliberal doctrine and the denial of health and environmental dangers – from the effects of tobacco to global warming. She is also the author of an award-winning feminist novel, All That False Instruction (Angus & Robertson, 1975; reprinted by Spinifex Press, 2001). She completed her PhD with the School of Geography and Environmental Studies at the University of Tasmania, where she is now a University Associate. She is a Fellow with the Club of Rome and an active member of Climate Change Australia.

    Lewis Holloway is Reader in Human Geography at the University of Hull. His research and teaching focuses on issues surrounding food, farming and the countryside. He is interested in the production of knowledges associated with farming and rural living, in the implications of particular technological interventions in agriculture, in human–nonhuman relationships in rural spaces, and in ‘alternative’ ways of living in the countryside, and of producing and distributing food. His most recent research has investigated how ‘hi-tech’ interventions in livestock farming, such as information, robotic and genetic technologies, have transformed the knowledge-practices of those working in agriculture and have affected nonhuman animals’ agencies and subjectivities.

    L.G. Horlings studied land and water management and human (environmental) geography. She obtained a PhD in Policy Science, and is currently Chair in Socio-Spatial Planning at the Faculty of Spatial Sciences of the University of Groningen in the Netherlands. Her research work broadly deals with ‘the human factor’ in spatial planning. She is an expert in socio-spatial planning, place-based development, sustainability, participative- and self-governance, resourceful communities, citizenship, place leadership, (cultural) sustainability and values. She participated in the COST Action IS1007 ‘Investigating Cultural Sustainability’ and in the EU projects Rural Alliances, DERREG, EUWelNet and GLAMUR. She is currently a member of the research committee of the Regional Studies Association, the RSA Research Network ‘The Place of Leadership in Urban and Regional Development', co-ordinator of the Marie Curie ITN programme SUSPLACE and partner in the Marie Curie ITN project RECOMS. She has edited several books, on passion, vital coalitions, leadership and the role of culture in regional development.

    Francesca Iandolo is Research Fellow and Adjunct Professor in Management at Sapienza University of Rome. She holds a PhD in Management with a dissertation thesis on Viable Systems Approach (vSa), value creation and sustainability. Her research interests are Viable Systems Approach (vSa), Value Theory, Corporate Sustainability, Business Ethics. She participated to several national and international conferences as discussant and published on national and international journals. She is chartered accountant and junior consultant for private companies.

    Antonio A R Ioris’ academic interests rest primarily in the political dimension of the interconnections and interdependencies between society and the rest of nature. Most of his current research is related to social and environmental justice, the multiple obstacles faced by marginalised groups and creative reactions at different geographical scales. Research projects have been particularly focused on the controversies of development and water management in the Amazon region, such as the association between intense agribusiness production, river navigation and hydropower schemes. The work is intended to have both academic and more-than-academic relevance and is focused on socionatural processes, on the political economy of development and environmental regulation, and on governance and politics.

    Mark Jackson is Senior Lecturer in Postcolonial Geographies in the School of Geographical Sciences at the University of Bristol, UK. His research lies in the areas of postcolonial and decolonial geographies, materiality, political ontology, urban geographies, political ecology and visual studies. He recently edited a collection of original essays which examines the relationships between postcolonialism, political ontology and posthumanism. The book is called Coloniality, Ontology, and the Question of the Posthuman, and is published by Routledge under their ‘New Postcolonialisms’ series, which he also edits. Mark is currently completing a monograph called Decolonising Critique: A Prolegomena for Ecologies of Thought.

    Kanang Kantamaturapoj (born August 1980) is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities at Mahidol University, Thailand. In 2012, she obtained her PhD from Wageningen School of Social Sciences. Her field of expertise includes sustainable food consumption in Thailand. She conducted research with both providers and consumers and explored the providers’ strategies to promote sustainable food consumption in Thai supermarkets and specialised shops. She also examined the possibility of introducing sustainable food to primary schools in Bangkok. Kanang has investigated consumer perspectives on future sustainable food consumption practices and developed a transition framework in order to achieve the future vision.

    Ilan Kelman is a Reader in Risk, Resilience and Global Health at University College London, England and Professor II at the University of Agder, Kristiansand, Norway. His overall research interest is linking disasters and health, including the integration of climate change into disaster research and health research. This works covers three principal areas: 1. Peace and conflict: How and why disaster-related interventions (disaster diplomacy, including for climate-related hazards) and health-related interventions (health diplomacy, including pandemics) do and do not influence conflict and cooperation. See 2. Island sustainability: Creating and maintaining safer and healthier communities on islands and in isolated areas, such as border, Arctic and mountain communities. See and Many Strong Voices 3. Risk education: Increasing the effectiveness and impact of risk education, focusing on health and disaster risks, including climate change. See Ilan can be found at and on Twitter at @IlanKelman.

    Juha Kotilainen is a human geographer and Professor of Mining Policy and Politics at the University of Eastern Finland. His research and teaching are focused on environmental and social issues related to the extraction of natural resources, especially minerals and timber, and the consequent sustainability and development issues for communities and regions. In his research he has analysed the ways in which local communities take part in and are impacted by resource exploitation and conservation initiatives. The research has covered issues in northern Europe, the post-Soviet space and developing countries. He has published, for example, in the journals European Planning Studies, Resources Policy, Forest Policy and Economics, and Environmental Politics, as well as in edited volumes published by Routledge and Ashgate.

    Michelle Kwa is a Senior Associate with the Governance and Sustainability Department within the Risk Consulting practice of KPMG Malaysia. She conducts advisory engagements, covering key areas such as stakeholder engagement and materiality assessment for integrated and sustainability reporting. She holds a Joint International Master Degree from Leipzig University and Utrecht University in Sustainable Development majoring in Energy and Resources as well as a Bachelor in Environmental Engineering from the Hamburg University of Applied Sciences. Prior to joining KPMG, she has served as an Analyst at the Institute of Strategic and International Studies Malaysia, a security studies and international affairs think tank based in Kuala Lumpur where she specialised in areas such as green economy and natural resources governance. She has also consulted for Malaysian government and international organisations such as the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit GmbH (GIZ) in areas related to her expertise in Germany, China and Namibia.

    Wendy Larner is Provost at Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand. An internationally recognised social scientist, her research has interrogated the rescaling of global, national and local processes through a career-spanning series of empirical projects that encompass economic and social policy, industry studies and community development. Wendy has served as a trustee for the Royal Geographical Society (UK) and Antipode Foundation, and on editorial boards of eleven international academic journals. In addition to academic posts at the Universities of Waikato, Auckland and Bristol, she has held formal visitorships at the Universities of Frankfurt, Kentucky, Queen Mary and Wisconsin-Madison. She is a Fellow of the Royal Society of New Zealand, a Fellow of the New Zealand Geographical Society and a Fellow of the Academy of Social Sciences, UK.

    Brian H MacGillivray is a research fellow at the Sustainable Places Research Institute, Cardiff University. He is interested in formal methods of risk and decision analysis, causal mechanisms and their relationship to context, and the use of scientific evidence in public policy-making.

    John Law is Emeritus Professor at the Open University, UK, and holds visiting and honorary appointments at the Sámi University of Applied Sciences in Norway, and Lancaster University in the UK. He uses material semiotic methods including the successor projects of actor network theory to explore alternative social science methods and their political possibilities. In collaboration with Sámi colleagues he works on power-saturated postcolonial environmental encounters between science and policy on the one hand, and indigenous knowledges of land in Sápmi on the other. He also works collaboratively on mis/translation to explore ‘non-Western’ and non-English language academic ways of knowing, where the object is both to provincialise and to enrich social science.

    Stephanie Lavau is a Lecturer in Interdisciplinary Environmental Practice in the Office for Environmental Programs and the School of Ecosystem and Forest Sciences at the University of Melbourne. Her cultural environmental research focuses on environmental management, environmental risk and biodiversity conservation, in urban and rural contexts. She works with ideas, sensibilities and methods from science and technology studies and human geography in exploring ecologies of knowing, policy–practice relations and the politics of belonging in contemporary environmental practices. She is a member of the Melbourne Waterway Research Practice Partnership, for which she leads a Melbourne Water funded project on urban water management.

    Marianne E. Lien is Professor at the Department of Social Anthropology, University of Oslo, Norway. She is curious about how nature comes about, and her most important field sites are Norway, especially the Northern region, and Tasmania. With John Law, she has explored the possibilities of human-animal ethnography on salmon farms in West Norway. Her book Becoming Salmon; Aquaculture and the Domestication of a Fish (University California Press 2015) reflects this, as well as her general interest on domestication as an idea and a practice. In 2015–16, she led a research group on ‘Arctic Domestication in the Era of the Anthropocene’ at the Norwegian Centre for Advanced Studies (CAS). Lien is co-editor of the anthology Domestication Gone Wild; Politics and Practices of Multispecies Relations (Duke 2018).

    Phil Macnaghten has worked in the science and society field since the mid 1990s on a series of science and technology controversies, notably: GM food and crops, transgenic animals, nanotechnologies, synthetic biology, geoengineering and fracking. He has developed in-depth qualitative methodologies for researching controversial technologies which, in turn, have informed policy approaches to dialogue and public engagement. More recently this approach has contributed to the development of the ‘anticipation-inclusion-reflexivity-responsiveness’ (AIRR) Owen/ Macnaghten/ Stilgoe Responsible Innovation framework, which is being adopted by UK research councils and implemented across the portfolio of EPSRC-funded research. Currently working at Wageningen University in the Knowledge, Technology and Innovation Group as Personal Professor, Phil was previously an honorary professor at the University of Campinas (Brazil) (2012–15) and Professor of Geography at Durham University (UK) (2006–15). His recent book (edited with Susana Carro-Ripaldo) is Governing Agricultural Biotechnology: Global Lessons from GM Crops (Routledge, 2016).

    Martin Mahony a British Academy Postdoctoral Fellow and Lecturer in Human Geography in the School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, UK. His research is focused on the political history of atmospheric science and technology. He has published widely on the role of scientific assessment, simulation and visualisation at the science–policy interface and is currently working on the history of meteorology as a colonial science. He has held positions at King's College London and the University of Nottingham, along with visiting fellowships at Leuphana University and the Harvard Kennedy School of Government.

    Becky Mansfield is a Professor in the Department of Geography at The Ohio State University. Her research areas include nature–society relations, health and the body, political ecology and environmental governance. Recent research projects have examined emerging models of human–environment interactions in both the health and environmental sciences. A central emphasis is how these sciences are changing our definition of both ‘human’ and ‘nature’ and, at the same time, how they influence and are influenced by practices of race, gender and reproduction. Her recent work has appeared in journals such as the Annals of the Association of American Geographers, Cultural Geographies, Environment and Planning D: Society and Space, GeoHumanities, and Science as Culture.

    Abid Mehmood is a research fellow at Cardiff University. His broader research interests are in social innovation and governance. He has research experience in issues related to climate change adaptation, socioeconomic development and social cohesion for local and regional development policy and practice. He has co-edited two books, Planning for Climate Change (Earthscan) and International Handbook on Social Innovation (Edward Elgar).

    Mary Mellor is Professor Emerita at Northumbria University in the UK. She has published extensively on ecofeminism including two books, Breaking the Boundaries: Towards a Feminist, Green, Socialism (Virago, 1992) and Feminism and Ecology (Polity, 1997). Her focus on the exploitation and marginalisation of women and nature in modern economies led her to research the role of money, resulting in three books: The Politics of Money (joint authored, Pluto, 2002), The Future of Money: From Financial Crisis to Public Resource (Pluto, 2010) and Debt or Democracy: Public Money for Sustainability and Social Justice (Pluto, 2016). She has also written on gender and development, sustainable development, sustainable cities, local and social economies and alternative economics.

    Wendy Mendes is Adjunct Professor at the School of Community and Regional Planning at the University of British Columbia. She specializes in the social and health dimensions of urban sustainability in planning, policy, and strategic governance. She grounds her academic expertise within the real world complexities of urban environments by drawing from over 15 years of experience as a municipal planner and policymaker on portfolios including social infrastructure, healthy built environments, social determinants of health, sustainable food systems, and inclusive communities. She is a former member of the Advisory Council for Simon Fraser University's Urban Studies program, the International Development Research Centre's Urban Agriculture Advisory Committee for UN-HABITAT World Urban Forum III, Leadership Committee for the American Planning Association's Food Interest Group, and Postdoctoral Research Fellow at the University of Toronto's Centre for Urban Health Initiatives.

    Mara Miele is Professor of Human Geograophy at Cardiff University. Her research addresses the geographies of ethical foods consumption and the role of animal welfare science and technology in challenging the role of farmed animals in current agricultural practices and policies. She explored how ethical relations are enacted and articulated within the different practices and encounters between human and non-human animals. In recent years she worked with a large interdisciplinary network of social and animal welfare scientists for developing innovative forms of critical public engagement with science that produced the EU animal welfare standard (Welfare Quality) and the public debate about the ethical implications about religious slaughter (Dialrel).

    Paul Milbourne is Professor of Human Geography in the School of Geography and Planning at Cardiff University. His main research interests lie in the field of social geography and, more specifically, the geographies of welfare, poverty, homelessness and justice. He also has interests in environmental geography, particularly nature-society relations, urban nature, and socio-environmental forms of injustice. Recent funded research has focused on rural poverty, migrant workers in the agri-food system, urban community gardening and food justice.

    Niamh Moore is Chancellor's Fellow in Sociology at the University of Edinburgh. She has published on ecofeminism as The Changing Nature of Ecofeminism: Telling Stories from Clayoquot Sound (UBC Press 2015), as well in journals Feminist Theory, International Journal of Feminist Politics, Development and Change. She has recently co-edited the collection Participatory Research in More-than- Human Worlds (Routledge 2017). She also been engaged in participatory research for over 10 years, including a long relationship with an LGBT Youth Network in the UK, The Proud Trust. Much of this participatory research includes a commitment to creating and archiving oral histories, as an important aspect of sustaining activism including the Feminist Webs Archive (see, as well as creating collaborative books based on this work (The Exciting Life of Being a Woman – A Handbook for Women and Girls, 2012 and Prejudice and Pride: LGBT Activist Stories from Manchester and Beyond, 2015). She has also created an open online archive of ecofeminist activism at Clayoquot Sound: Clayoquot Lives: An Ecofeminist Story Web at

    Ana Moragues-Faus is a researcher in the School of Geography and Planning (Cardiff University). Her research focuses on sustainable agri-food systems, particularly in Mediterranean European countries and Latin America. In recent years, Ana has been involved in projects on sustainable rural development, looking at farmers’ strategies, collective action and the rural–urban dynamics of civic food networks.

    Farhad Mukhtarov is a public policy scholar specialized in studying water resources and the environment. He has over 10 years of research experience and has worked in Azerbaijan, The Netherlands, United Kingdom, Hungary and Singapore. Dr. Mukhtarov is currently a Researcher at Environmental Governance Group, Copernicus Institute of Sustainable Development at Utrecht University, The Netherlands and an Adjunct Senior Research Fellow at the Institute of Water Policy, Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy, National University of Singapore. He is also a Research Fellow at the Earth System Governance Alliance. Farhad focuses in his research on policy mobility and institutional design under conditions of high contingency. He is also interested in deliberative and collaborative modes of environmental governance, especially in the region of Eastern Europe and Former Soviet Union and Southeast Asia.

    Joane Nagel is University Distinguished Professor of Sociology and Chair of the Anthropology Department at the University of Kansas. She was Sociology Program Officer at the National Science Foundation from 2002 to 2004 and directed the NSF-IGERT-funded project, Climate Change, Humans, and Nature in the Global Environment, 2008–15. Her research examines the relationships among race, ethnicity, nationalism, gender and sexuality as they relate to environmental change and environmental politics. Her recent publications include ‘Gender, Conflict, and the Militarization of Climate Change’ (Peace Review, 2015); Gender and Climate Change: Impacts, Science, Policy (Routledge, 2016); ‘Warmest Extreme Year in US History Alters Thermal Requirements for Tree Phenology’ (with Jacob Carter, Maria Orive, Laci Gerhart, Jennifer Stern, Renee Marchin, Joy Ward, Oecologia, 2017).

    Hannah Nelson-Teutsch is a doctoral candidate at The Julius Maximilian University of Würzburg, Germany in the department of American Studies. With a focus on Environmental Humanities, her research interests cluster at the nexus history, literature, and the environment on the North American continent. She is currently pursuing a thesis project interrogating the making and meaning of apocalyptic landscape in the American context. Previous research projects have delved into the social, ecological, and performative significance of landscape and the built environment, the intersection of gender, race, and place, and the aesthetics and poetics of environments real and imagined.

    Peter Oosterveer is a Professor at the Environmental Policy Group at Wageningen University, the Netherlands. His main fields of expertise are globalisation and sustainability of food production and consumption, food systems for healthier diets, labelling and certification of food and agricultural commodities, and environmental sociology. He is currently involved in several international research projects on sustainable food provision and the development of innovative institutional arrangements. He has many publications, including ‘Organising consumer involvement in the greening of global flows: The role of environmental NGOs in the case of marine fish’ (Environmental Politics, 2011) and Food, Globalization and Sustainability (Routledge/Earthscan, 2012).

    Jessica Paddock is a Lecturer in Sociology at the University of Bristol. Her research is informed by sociological approaches, which are employed to understand the interaction of everyday life practices, natural resource use, food consumption and social differentiation in the context of environmental change. Her work also includes interdisciplinary collaborations across the social and natural sciences, particularly while working as a Research Associate at the Sustainable Consumption Institute, University of Manchester, UK, and with the Sustainable Places Research Institute at Cardiff University, UK, where she was awarded her doctorate in 2012.

    Paulo Petersen has a Doctorate in Environmental Studies from the University Pablo de Olavide (Spain), a Masters in Agroecology and Rural Development from the Universidad Internacional de Andaluzia. He is the Executive Director of the Brazilian NGO, AS-PTA, and Vice-President of the Brazilian Agroecology Association, and a member of the ‘Agroecology and Organic Production National Committee’ (an official governing body of the National Agroecology and Organic Production Policy). He is currently the Chief Editor of Revista Agriculturas: Experiências em Agroecologia.

    Nick F Pidgeon is Professor of Environmental Psychology and Director of the Understanding Risk Research Group within the School. He works on risk, risk perception, and risk communication and as such his research is interdisciplinary at the interface of social psychology, environmental sciences and geography, and science and technology studies. He is currently researching public responses to energy technologies, climate change risks, nanotechnologies and climate geoengineering. He has in the past led numerous policy oriented projects on issues of public responses to environmental and technological risk issues and on ‘science in society’ for UK Government Departments, the Research Councils, the Royal Society, and Charities. He currently serves as a social sciences advisor to the UK Department of Environment, Food and Rural Affairs and to the Department of Energy and Climate Change. He was awarded an Honorary Fellowship of the British Science Association in 2011, and an MBE in the 2014 Queen's Birthday Honours for services to climate change awareness and energy security policy. In 2006 he chaired a Parliamentary inquiry whose report ‘Is a Cross-Party Consensus on Climate Change Possible – or Desirable?’ recommended the setting up of the UK Climate Change Committee, an institutional innovation subsequently enacted in the 2008 Climate Change Act.

    Joseph Pierce is an Assistant Professor with a joint appointment in the Department of Geography and Environmental Sustainability, as well as the Division of Regional and City Planning, at the University of Oklahoma. His research interests include urban politics, housing, urban sustainability, justice, and the nature of place and place-making. Recent publications have focused on how state and non-state actors interact regarding the production of urban justice – especially environmental justice. His current research examines Community Land Trusts and other forms of limited equity home ownership in American cities.

    Jan Douwe van der Ploeg is Emeritus Professor Rural Sociology at Wageningen University in the Netherlands. He is Adjunct Professor of Agrarian Sociology at the College of Humanities and Development Studies of China Agricultural University in Beijing.

    Jørgen Primdahl is Professor in Countryside Planning at Department of Geoscience and Natural Resource Management, University of Copenhagen. With a background in landscape planning and planning theory he has published within the fields of rural landscape management and change, urban fringe dynamics, agri-environmental policy, countryside governance, and landscape strategy making. He has participated in several European research projects concerning agri-environmental policy and rural landscape management and has been leading numerous Danish research projects on agricultural landscape change, policy and planning. Recent books include Globalisation and Agricultural Landscapes – Change Patterns and Policy Trends in Developed Countries, Cambridge University Press, 2010 (co-edited with Simon Swaffield) Landscape Analysis – Investigating the Potentials of Space and Place, Routledge, 2017 (with Stahlschmidt, Swaffield and Nellemann) and European Landscapes in Transition, Cambridge University Press, 2018 (with Pinto-Correia and Pedroli).

    Ortwin Renn is scientific director at the International Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies (IASS) in Potsdam (Germany). He also serves as scientific director of the non-profit company DIALOGIK, a research institute for the investigation of communication and participation processes. Renn is Adjunct Professor for “Integrated Risk Analysis” at Stavanger University (Norway), Honorary Professor at the Technical University Munich and Affiliate Professor for “Risk Governance” at Beijing Normal University. His research interests include risk governance (analysis perception, communication), stakeholder and public involvement in environmental decision making, transformation processes in economics, politics and society and sustainable development. Ortwin Renn has a doctoral degree in social psychology from the University of Cologne. His career is characterized by teaching and research positions at Clark University (Worcester, USA), the Swiss Institute of Technology (Zuerich) and the Center of Technology Assessment (Stuttgart). His honours include the National Cross of Merit Order, an honorary doctorate from the Swiss Institute of Technology, the “Outstanding Research Award” of the Society for Integrated Disaster and Risk Management (IDRiM) and the “Distinguished Achievement Award” of the Society for Risk Analysis (SRA). Renn has published more than 30 monographs and over 250 peer reviewed articles (Hirsch factor 64). His most prominent English publication is the book “Risk Governance. Coping with Uncertainty in a Complex World (London: Earthscan 2008).

    Mark Robins was once a scientist, and is now focused on place-based leadership for pro-nature change in the South West of England. He works for Mark is a Visiting Fellow in the Land, Environment, Economics and Policy Institute at the University of Exeter (

    Guy M Robinson is the editor of Land Use Policy and has over forty years’ experience as a human geographer working primarily on environmental management, agricultural geography and rural development. He has held positions at the universities of Oxford, Edinburgh, Kingston (London) and South Australia, and is currently in the Department of Geography, Environment and Population at the University of Adelaide. He is a Visiting Professor in the Institute for Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research at the Chinese National Academy of Sciences, Beijing. He is the author of over 250 papers in refereed journals and numerous books, including Handbook on the Globalisation of Agriculture, Sustainable Rural Systems, Geographies of Agriculture, Methods and Techniques in Human Geography, and Conflict and Change in the Countryside. His most recent research has been on wildfire management in the Mediterranean biome.

    Sabine de Rooij is a consultant senior researcher and was trained as family and rural sociologist at Wageningen University. In 1992, she obtained her PhD-degree which focused on the impacts of the agricultural modernization process on women's work and gender relations in Dutch dairy farms. Afterwards, she worked in various research projects at Wageningen University (Rural Sociology Group; Gender in Agriculture Group), and more recently, for both Ce.S.A.R., a research institute linked to the University of Perugia, Italy; the European Evaluation Network for Rural Development in Brussels; and ICCA, the American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture, Brasilia. Her research centres among others on the role and work of women in farming and rural development processes and changing gender relations in this field; social exclusion and (women) small-holders; local self-regulation; livestock farmers’ ethics; multi-functional farming; and short chains in Dutch agriculture. Currently, she is doing research on CAU students’ perceptions on the quality of rural life and agriculture and rural development. Among her recent publications are ‘The Young and the Rural’ (2016), ‘Rural Women. Glimpses of empowerment?’ (2016), ‘Rethinking the concept of rurality in Brazil: implications for public policy'. The case of the Netherlands’ (2013), ‘Sustaining Food Production through Multifunctionality: the dynamics of large farms in Italy’ (2012), Entrapped in group solidarity? Animal welfare, the ethical positions of farmers and the difficult search for alternatives’ (2010).

    Marialuisa Saviano is Associate Professor of business management at the University of Salerno, Italy, where she teaches courses of pharmacy management, business management, service marketing, and healthcare marketing. She is Vice Director of the Pharma_nomics Interdepartmental Research Centre and a Member of the Board of Directors of the S.I.Mas. She is also: President of the ASVSA, Association for research on Viable Systems, President of the IASS, Italian Association for Sustainability Science, Faculty Member of PhD Course in Marketing & Communication at the University of Salerno. She has participated in several researches and studies contributing to the development of the Viable Systems Approach (VSA). Her main research interests include the Viable Systems Approach (VSA), Service & Retail Marketing, Healthcare and Pharmacy Management, Sustainability and Cultural Heritage Management. She has published several books and articles in national and international journals, among which the European Management Journal, Managing Service Quality, Journal of Service Management, Sinergie Italian Journal of Management, Service Science Informs, Journal of Business Market Management, Australasian Marketing Journal, World Wide Web Journal. She received four Best Paper Awards (2011 Naples Forum on Service Conference; 2012 XXIV Sinergie Annual Conference; 2016 19th Toulon-Verona Conference Excellence in Services, and 2017 Conference of the EuroMed Academy of Business Global and Domestic Business Theory and Practice: Bridging the Past with the Future). She was also finalist at the 2012/2013 Emerald/EMRBI Business Research Award for Emerging Researchers.

    Emma Shepheard-Walwyn has a PhD in Biodiversity Conservation. She is the Environmental and Social Governance Director for a forestry company in East Africa. She continues to conduct research and publish on culture and conservation, with a focus on indigenous communities.

    Stefan Sjöblom is a Political Scientist and Professor of Local Administration at the Swedish School of Social Science, University of Helsinki and associate professor of Public Administration at the Åbo Akademi University, Finland. His main research interests are: local and regional governance, participation, administrative reform policies and evaluation studies. He has been member of several national and international research projects on governance, reform policies and local and regional development.

    Alastair Smith is a Senior Teaching Fellow in Global Sustainable Development at the University of Warwick, UK. His interests are aligned with an interdisciplinary approach to researching sustainable development, and his research and publications have focused on a wide variety of related issues, including the reformulation of food systems in Africa, the Caribbean and Latin America. In addition to scholarly work, Alastair has been involved in policy and practice: through involvement in trade justice organisations and consultancy projects completed for national and international nongovernmental organisations, and government departments. His latest publications can be found in The Journal of Peasant Studies; and Geoforum.

    Roberta Sonnino is a Professor in the School of Geography and Planning (Cardiff University), where she has been involved in international research on food security, urban food strategies and governance and public food policies. In recent years, Professor Sonnino has acted as a commentator to print and broadcast media organisations in Italy, Finland, Denmark, Spain and the UK and has advised on food policy to the European Commission, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, the Scottish Government, the Welsh Government and the Soil Association. Professor Sonnino is the Director of the Research Centre for Sustainable Urban and Regional Food (SURF).

    Adrian Southern has a PhD in Environmental Science. He designs sustainable landscapes, and works for as their Head of Landscape Scale Conservation across the UK.

    Gert Spaargaren is Professor of Environmental Policy for Sustainable Lifestyles and Consumption in the Environmental Policy Group at Wageningen University, the Netherlands. His main research interests are in environmental sociology, sustainable consumption, behaviour and lifestyles, domestic consumption of energy, water and waste services, and globalisation of environmental reform. He has published widely and his main publications include ‘Greening global consumption: Redefining politics and authority’ (Global Environmental Change, 2008); Food Practices in Transition; Changing Food Consumption, Retail and Production in the Age of Reflexive Modernity (Routledge, 2012) and Practice Theory and Research (Routledge, 2016).

    Joanne Swaffield is a Research Excellence Academy (REA) fellow in the School of Geography, Politics and Sociology at Newcastle University. Her research interests include neoliberal environmentalism, waste management and sustainability and individual responses to environmental issues such as climate change. From 2014–15 she worked on the ESRC/SCI research project ‘Households, Retailers and Food Waste Transitions'. Joanne is currently working on the REA funded project ‘Individual Responsibility for Human Rights’ with Professor Derek Bell (Newcastle University) and Dr Wouter Peeters (University of Birmingham).

    Heather Swanson is Associate Professor of Anthropology at Aarhus University, Denmark, where she is also Deputy Director of the Centre for Environmental Humanities and a core member of the Aarhus University Research on the Anthropocene (AURA) project. Her work aims to bring together the approaches of political economy and multispecies ethnography to explore the material histories of landscapes and oceans. Swanson has written about diverse environmental concerns, including Pacific salmon management, agricultural practices, species introductions, and railroad construction. She is a co-editor of Arts of Living on a Damaged Planet (University of Minnesota Press 2017) and of Domestication Gone Wild; Politics and Practices of Multispecies Relations (Duke University Press 2018).

    Cecilia Tacoli is a principal researcher at the International Institute for Environment and Development. Her work explores how the relations between rural and urban areas, people and enterprises are transformed by urbanisation processes. She has written and edited several publications on this topic, and has researched the links between migration, environmental change and urbanisation with partners in Africa, Asia and Latin America. She is especially interested in how these transform gender relations, and their impact on urban and rural food consumption and insecurity. She has served as lead/contributing author in the IPCC 5th Assessment Report.

    Andreas Thiel is Chair of International Agricultural Policy and Environmental Governance at the Faculty of Organic Agricultural Sciences, University of Kassel, Germany. Formerly he was Einstein Junior Fellow and Guest Professor of Environmental Governance at Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin. His research focusses on polycentricity and change of agriculture and water management in the European Union, with specific focus on Europe, Ethiopia and the Middle East and Northern Africa region with a wide publication record covering the institutional analysis of natural resource management worldwide. Prof. Thiel is affiliated faculty of the Vincent and Elinor Ostrom Workshop in Political Theory and Policy Analysis, he is member of the Arab German Young Academy of Sciences and Humanities (AGYA), and he is affiliated faculty and part of the steering committee of WINS (Workshop in Institutional Analysis of Social Ecological Systems at IRI THESys, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin).

    Richard Unsworth's expertise lie in the ecological structuring processes of marine systems and the implications of these systems for society. This focuses primarily on the interrelationships between foundation species, habitat, and associated productive fauna (mainly fish). He is particularly interested in the consequences of cross-scale environmental changes on seagrass meadows functioning and the implications of this for global food security and other ecosystem services. Richard has more than twelve years’ experience of research in marine systems and conducts collaborative interdisciplinary research in Europe, Australia, Indonesia, Columbia and the Turks and Caicos Islands. He is currently based at the SEACAMS Institute at Swansea University, and his most recent research is reported in Royal Society Open Science; Frontiers in Marine Science; and Biological Reviews.

    Yunfan Wan is Vice Professor and started his career in this field since he got Ph.D in 2006. His researches focus on GHG emissions/removals in agricultural sector, especially in field crop management practices for both GHG emission reduction and adaptation to climate change. He is also good at automatic GHG monitoring and climate change simulation techniques. His recent publications include Combination of modified nitrogen fertilizers and water saving irrigation can reduce greenhouse gas emissions and increase rice yield, Modifying nitrogen fertilizer practices can reduce greenhouse gas emissions from a Chinese double rice cropping system[J] and Change of snow cover and its impact on alpine vegetation in the source regions of large rivers on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau, China.

    Daniel Welch is a research associate in the Sustainable Consumption Institute at the University of Manchester, where he also lectures in Sociology. He was formerly a researcher with the Sustainable Practices Research Group. His research interests focus on novel articulations between the sociology of consumption, social theory, sustainability, cultural economy and economic sociology. From 2014–15 he worked on the ESRC/SCI research project ‘Households, Retailers and Food Waste Transitions'. He is currently researching relations between sustainability, corporate governance and political economy in the UK Food Service Sector.

    Sigrid Wertheim-Heck is Professor Food and Healthy Living at Aeres University of Applied Sciences and senior research fellow at the Environmental Policy Group of Wageningen University, both in The Netherlands. Her interest in global urban food security informs her research agenda on the relationship between metropolitan development, food provisioning, food consumption and healthy living. With a research background in consumption sociology her main areas of interest include: everyday consumption practices, food sustainability, food safety and equity in access to safe and healthy foods. Leading various research programs, she stimulates interdisciplinary and cross continental learning on sustainable food security for metropolitan areas between the global north and the global south.

    Cassie Wever obtained a Masters in Environmental Studies from York University specialising in food systems and environmental and sustainability education. Her major research focused on critical food pedagogy in FoodShare's School Grown programme. Her research interests include the intersections of critical food pedagogy, transformative learning experiences, social justice and ecological thinking. Wever facilitates courses in foraging, organic gardening and food justice, and has worked as a research assistant with the Nourishing Communities research group. She is currently the Coordinator of Citizenship and Community-Based Learning in Student Life at the University of Guelph, where she coordinates civic engagement and social justice experiential education programmes for students.

    Daniel R. Williams is a Research Social Scientist with the USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station in Fort Collins, Colorado, USA. His formal academic training is in forest science with a broad emphasis on environmental social science. Prior to joining the Forest Service, he spent 15 years in academic positions including at the University of Illinois and at Virginia Tech. From 2011-2014 he served as Co-Editor-in-Chief of the journal, Society and Natural Resources. His research focuses on the human dimensions of landscape change and, in particular, the use of place-based inquiry and practice to inform the adaptive governance of complex social-ecological systems. He currently leads a research team examining ways to improve the co-management of cross-boundary wildland fire risk. The project seeks to empower scientists, local authorities, and residents to learn from each other and to identify collective actions to reduce the potential negative impacts of wildland fires.

    Robyn Wilson is an Associate Professor in the School of Environment and Natural Resources at The Ohio State University. She is a behavioural decision scientist, focusing primarily on the individual decision-making process under risk and uncertainty. Specifically, she studies the interplay between intuitive and analytic information processing and the influence this has on risk perception and ultimately individual preferences or choices. Dr Wilson is also interested in the development of strategic communication efforts aimed at correcting for deficiencies in information processing, as well as the use of decision-support tools that assist individuals in making more informed and value-consistent choices.

    Ben Wisner has worked in people-focused, rights-driven development in Africa, Latin America, the Caribbean and Asia since 1966, combining research, teaching and training with activism. He has helped to establish as mainstream approaches both participatory action research ( and forensic analysis of the root causes of disaster vulnerability ( Tanzania has been a frequent home: living in a village from 1966–8, medical school teaching (1972–4), participatory design of grain storage (1976) and research on climate change (2008–14). Directing the UNU programme, The Geography of Social Vulnerability in Megacities (1997–2001) and co-editing Disaster Risk Reduction: Cases from Urban Africa (2009) constituted his urban turn. Ben is co-author of At Risk: Natural Hazards, People's Vulnerability and Disasters (Routledge, 1994, 2004) and co-editor of The Routledge Handbook of Hazards and Disaster Risk Reduction (2012). He advises the Global Network of Civil Society Organisations for Disaster Reduction ( and the ESRC-NERC research programme, Earthquakes without Frontiers (

    Michelle Young has recently completed her thesis investigating multiple aspects of kangaroo meat production and consumption, and the mechanisms through which both the value chain and the institutional responses have been formed. Her research interests include the sociology of natural resource management, and the policy settings for sustainable agriculture. She is co-editor of Rural and Regional Futures (Routledge 2015). Michelle is currently working as a project coordinator for the Sustainable Farms Initiative at the Fenner School of Environment and Society.

    Li Yue is Professor and has been devoted to the climate change research for more than two decades. Her researches focus on GHG emissions/removals in agricultural sector, identification and development of best management practices (BMP) for both GHG emission reduction and adaptation to climate change, as well development of accounting and monitoring methodologies for carbon trading in agricultural. Her recent publications include Combination of modified nitrogen fertilizers and water saving irrigation can reduce greenhouse gas emissions and increase rice yield, Long term (≥20 years) application of fertilizers and straw return enhances soil carbon storage: a meta-analysis and Large-scale farming operations are win-win for grain production, soil carbon storage and mitigation of greenhouse gases.


    It is clearly an understatement to say that there have been numerous people to acknowledge with regard to a scholarly project of this size and scope. I particularly want to acknowledge all of the authors, and especially the members of the International Advisory and Editorial Board, all of whom are listed here at the start of these three volumes. They have all worked hard and been dedicated to the project, and to the time commitments and exacting fortitude it has demanded. I am extremely grateful to them and recognise them all as intellectually close and valuable colleagues. This Handbook truly represents the intrinsic value of scholarly and collaborative team effort and commitment.

    I want also to deeply thank the publisher's staff at Sage. In particular, Robert Rojek, the Managing Editor, who was responsible for planting the seed of the idea of this venture, has been a continuous source of support, moral as well as professional. His key production and marketing staff have been always supportive and efficient, most notably Collette Wilson, Anwesha Roy and the team. I would also like to thank the large number of anonymous reviewers and referees of the project, for their critical advice and overall support for the Handbook.

    Great collegiate support has also been given from many members of our research institute, PLACE, at Cardiff University. In particular, I must thank very personally the dedicated and efficient work, not least in liaising with authors and section editors, as well as almost constant communication with the Sage production staff, of Steven Goundrey, our research administrator. This book would not have come to fruition without such dedicated and supportive staff.

    On a personal level my family have given me a great deal of support : Mary Anne, Joseph and Tilly, Hannah and Tom. My friends and colleagues in my own ‘natural hinterland’ in rural Staffordshire have also, through our many discussions related to the state of our natures, been a halcyon source of inspiration- as has the very natural place itself. This work is as much a product of our dynamic natures as a significant commentary upon them.

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