• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

This Handbook brings together scholars from around the world in addressing the global significance of, controversies over and alternatives to intellectual property (IP) today. It brings together over fifty of the leading authors in this field across the spectrum of academic disciplines, from law, economics, geography, sociology, politics and anthropology. This volume addresses the full spectrum of IP issues including copyright, patent, trademarks and trade secrets, as well as parallel rights and novel applications. In addition to addressing the role of IP in an increasingly information based and globalized economy and culture, it also challenges the utility and viability of IP today and addresses a range of alternative futures.

Traditional Knowledge, Intellectual Property and Pharmaceutical Innovation: What’s Left to Discuss?
Traditional Knowledge, Intellectual Property and Pharmaceutical Innovation: What's Left to Discuss?
Graham Dutfield
Introduction: Why Do Diplomats and NGOs Talk About Traditional Knowledge? And Should They?

There are numerous international legal instruments on intellectual property (IP) protecting inventions, marks and literary and artistic works, as well as things like designs and plant varieties. There is no specific treaty on geographical indications per se1 but they are provided under the World Trade Organization’s rules concerning intellectual property and are well protected throughout Europe among numerous other jurisdictions.

But despite years of lobbying and negotiating there is still no international instrument on traditional knowledge. It is possible that there will be one soon. The ...

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