- Subject index
This Handbook brings together scholars from around the world in addressing the global significance of, controversies over and alternatives to intellectual property (IP) today. It brings together over fifty of the leading authors in this field across the spectrum of academic disciplines, from law, economics, geography, sociology, politics and anthropology. This volume addresses the full spectrum of IP issues including copyright, patent, trademarks and trade secrets, as well as parallel rights and novel applications. In addition to addressing the role of IP in an increasingly information based and globalized economy and culture, it also challenges the utility and viability of IP today and addresses a range of alternative futures.
Chapter 18: Non-Profits in the Commons Economy
Non-Profits in the Commons Economy
Protecting what has come to be known as the intellectual commons has been one of the most important goals underlying recent innovation and information policies. Awareness of the importance of preserving the intellectual commons has increased dramatically because of expanding intellectual property (IP) laws and the digital technologies that control the flow of information. Over the past 20 years, the creation of institutions and organizations, such as Creative Commons (CC), Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF), Free Software Foundation (FSF) and Public Knowledge (PK), have created a social movement that has laid the essential building blocks for the development of the intellectual commons. Significantly, these entities are primarily non-profit organizations (NPOs). This chapter focuses on the ...