- Subject index
This Handbook brings together scholars from around the world in addressing the global significance of, controversies over and alternatives to intellectual property (IP) today. It brings together over fifty of the leading authors in this field across the spectrum of academic disciplines, from law, economics, geography, sociology, politics and anthropology. This volume addresses the full spectrum of IP issues including copyright, patent, trademarks and trade secrets, as well as parallel rights and novel applications. In addition to addressing the role of IP in an increasingly information based and globalized economy and culture, it also challenges the utility and viability of IP today and addresses a range of alternative futures.
Chapter 13: Farmers’ Rights and the Intellectual Property Dynamic in Agriculture
Farmers’ Rights and the Intellectual Property Dynamic in Agriculture
The growth and tightening of intellectual property (IP) protection in the last quarter of the twentieth-century century is often analyzed as a combination of private rights expansion and a marginalization of the public interest in global knowledge capital (Maskus and Reichman, 2005). Beyond marginalization of the public sphere, IP overreach implements a neoliberal agenda that evaluates innovation through the prisms of capitalist interests and formal scientific rules. That approach alienates and, often, excludes alternative knowledge production efforts, which reflect fairness and openness in the production and distribution of knowledge. IP overreach accounts for the backlash that has since characterized international IP ...