• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

The third volume in The SAGE Handbook of Industrial, Organizational and Work Psychology concentrates on the broader context of IWO psychology and the many factors influencing the adoption and implementation of IWO practices. Chapter topics include perspectives on IWO psychology around the world, organizational and societal considerations. Chapters have been arranged around 8 key themes: Part 1: Overview Part 2: Professional Context: History Part 3: Organizational Capabilities and Context Part 4: Strategic Management Part 5: Triple Bottom Line Part 6: Diversity and Cross-Cultural Issues Part 7: Stress, Safety & Health Part 8: Managing Careers and Work Life Volume III offers a comprehensive overview of the field for anyone working in or studying managerial or organizational psychology.

Leading the Triple Bottom Line: A Corporate Social Responsibility Approach
Leading the Triple Bottom Line: A Corporate Social Responsibility Approach
Diane L. SwansonMarc Orlitzky
Introduction

The triple bottom line captures three ways in which a company's performance can be conceptualized and measured. In the 1990s, Elkington (1994) referred to these three domains as economic prosperity, environmental quality, and social justice. Subsequently, Savitz (2006) defined the triple bottom line as capturing the essence of sustainability by measuring the impact of an organization's activities on the world, including profitability, shareholder value, and social, human, and environmental capital.

At present, the triple bottom line is understood to represent an accounting framework that incorporates social, environmental, and financial performance (Savitz, 2013; Slaper & Hall, 2011). These domains are also referred to as ...

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