• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

The third volume in The SAGE Handbook of Industrial, Organizational and Work Psychology concentrates on the broader context of IWO psychology and the many factors influencing the adoption and implementation of IWO practices. Chapter topics include perspectives on IWO psychology around the world, organizational and societal considerations. Chapters have been arranged around 8 key themes: Part 1: Overview Part 2: Professional Context: History Part 3: Organizational Capabilities and Context Part 4: Strategic Management Part 5: Triple Bottom Line Part 6: Diversity and Cross-Cultural Issues Part 7: Stress, Safety & Health Part 8: Managing Careers and Work Life Volume III offers a comprehensive overview of the field for anyone working in or studying managerial or organizational psychology.

Organizational Culture and Climate
Organizational Culture and Climate
Neal M. AshkanasyAlana B. Dorris
Introduction

For decades, researchers have typically managed to confuse the terms ‘organizational culture’ and ‘organizational climate', including often using the terms interchangeably. In fact, although the two terms are related, there are clear differences between them (Schneider & Barbera, 2014b). To put it simply, culture is a more intangible concept (involving embedded, agreed upon values and beliefs of an organization's employees), while climate is more tangible and fluctuates based on external factors in the environment. As such, an organization's culture is made up of a set of shared assumptions (Ashforth, 1985), while climate consists of more accessible elements such as behavior and attitude (Drexler, 1977; O'Driscoll & Evans 1988; Moran & Volkwein, 1992). More ...

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