- Subject index
The SAGE Handbook of Human Rights will comprise a two volume set consisting of more than 50 original chapters that clarify and analyze human rights issues of both contemporary and future importance. The Handbook will take an inter-disciplinary approach, combining work in such traditional fields as law, political science and philosophy with such non-traditional subjects as climate change, demography, economics, geography, urban studies, mass communication, and business and marketing. In addition, one of the aspects of mainstreaming is the manner in which human rights has come to play a prominent role in popular culture, and there will be a section on human rights in art, film, music and literature.
Not only will the Handbook provide a state of the art analysis of the discipline that addresses ...
Chapter 9: Physical Integrity and Human Rights
Physical Integrity and Human Rights
Throughout history, rulers have asserted their power to intrude upon the physical integrity of those they rule. The earliest known legal codes specified what kind of physical force could be unleashed upon individuals and under what circumstances, so for example, the 4,000-year-old Babylonian Code of Hammurabi ordained that a son striking his father should have his hand cut off, while a man who stole goods from a temple or a house should be put to death. Judicial torture was permissible, and in some instances mandatory, in the classical era and continued into the medieval period. With the Enlightenment period in eighteenth-century Europe and America, legal processes became more refined, imprisonment and other penalties increasingly replaced capital ...