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Cameron Holley & Clifford Shearing

In: The SAGE Handbook of Global Policing

Chapter 32: Policing and New Environmental Governance

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Policing and New Environmental Governance
Policing and New Environmental Governance
Cameron HolleyClifford Shearing
INTRODUCTION

During the first half of the 20th century, responsibility for enforcing environmental laws often fell to police. Some of the earliest policing activities focused on counteracting illegal and criminal activities in the area of hunting and poaching (Loo, 2006; Wijbenga et al., 2008: 323). However, since the 1970s, environmental laws expanded to regulate a growing raft of environmental problems (e.g. waste and pollution), and with this expansion came many different regulatory and administrative agencies, at many different levels, to deal with environmental crimes (White, 2011). New treaties and legal instruments established a plethora of enforcement and compliance functions, powers and procedures to be carried out by an increasingly complex cohort of police; specialist ...

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