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Jennifer Byrd-Craven & David C. Geary

In: The SAGE Handbook of Gender and Psychology

Chapter 7: An Evolutionary Understanding of Sex Differences

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An Evolutionary Understanding of Sex Differences
An Evolutionary Understanding of Sex Differences
Jennifer Byrd-CravenDavid C. Geary

The differences between girls and boys, and men and women have long been topics of interest andspeculation by both the lay public and the scientific community. Although psychologists havesystematically studied these differences for over 100 years (see Ellis et al., 2008), they have onlyrecently begun to seriously consider how these sex differences reflect our evolutionary history. Inthis chapter, we focus on how knowledge of human evolution enlightens our understanding of andallows for testable predictions about sex differences, and how they are expressed in various socialand cultural contexts (Geary, 2010). This perspective not only informs us about the traits andbehaviors on which we can expect the sexes to differ, but those ...

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