Gender plays an important role in people’s lives across the lifespan. In the early yearsof development, gender influences how infants are named, dressed, and treated. Later in developmentit influences the academic courses students select, the skills they master, and those they leaveundeveloped. It further influences occupational choices, the centrality of family in daily life, andthe level of financial attainment. In this chapter, the sequence of gender development is chartedacross the lifespan and the influence of gender on human development is considered. First, thedevelopmental patterns of the most researched gendered social cognitive conceptions, namely, genderidentity and gender stereotypes, are examined by addressing the central questions of ‘How dochildren come to view themselves as gendered individuals?’ and ‘How do childrendevelop beliefs about ...