- Subject index
The SAGE Handbook of Frankfurt School Critical Theory expounds the development of critical theory from its founding thinkers to its contemporary formulations in an interdisciplinary setting. It maps the terrain of a critical social theory, expounding its distinctive character vis-a-vis alternative theoretical perspectives, exploring its theoretical foundations and developments, conceptualising its subject matters both past and present, and signalling its possible future in a time of great uncertainty. Taking a distinctively theoretical, interdisciplinary, international and contemporary perspective on the topic, this wide-ranging collection of chapters is arranged thematically over three volumes: Volume I: Key Texts and Contributions to a Critical Theory of Society Volume II: Themes Volume III: Contexts This Handbook is essential reading for scholars and students in the field, showcasing the scholarly rigor, intellectual acuteness and negative force of critical social theory, past and present.
Chapter 49: Society and Political Form
Society and Political Form
‘We know only a single science, the science of history’ (Marx and Engels, 1975: 28). This sentence defines the programme of the Frankfurt School’s critical theory. Society, its object, is mainly conceived of as historical and mutable. The question of what the social conditions of capitalism are – and how to conceive of surpassing them – is equally of concern to critical theories of the State. With their point of departure in Marxist thought, two prevailing theoretical currents were formed during the twentieth century. On the one hand, Lenin’s theory of the class state opposes the capitalists’ and the revolutionaries’ States. On ...