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Totality and Technological Form
Totality and Technological Form
Samir Gandesha

Critical theory emerges in the early 1920s in response not just to the so-called ‘objective crisis’ of capitalist society but also to its ‘subjective crisis’ (Gandesha, 2014). Running parallel to other influential intellectual currents in the early twentieth century, most notably phenomenology (Husserl, Heidegger, Arendt, Merleau-Ponty) and existentialism (Schmitt, Camus, Sartre, de Beauvoir), Critical Theory understands such a subjective crisis in capitalism as a crisis of reason and experience. Like the former, Critical Theory, at its inception, was particularly concerned with the increasing pervasiveness of scientism and technology; like the latter it was concerned with ascertaining the conditions for the possibility of genuine ‘action’ or praxis as distinguished from naturalistic, unreflexive conceptions ...

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