- Subject index
The SAGE Handbook of Frankfurt School Critical Theory expounds the development of critical theory from its founding thinkers to its contemporary formulations in an interdisciplinary setting. It maps the terrain of a critical social theory, expounding its distinctive character vis-a-vis alternative theoretical perspectives, exploring its theoretical foundations and developments, conceptualising its subject matters both past and present, and signalling its possible future in a time of great uncertainty. Taking a distinctively theoretical, interdisciplinary, international and contemporary perspective on the topic, this wide-ranging collection of chapters is arranged thematically over three volumes: Volume I: Key Texts and Contributions to a Critical Theory of Society Volume II: Themes Volume III: Contexts This Handbook is essential reading for scholars and students in the field, showcasing the scholarly rigor, intellectual acuteness and negative force of critical social theory, past and present.
Chapter 75: Psychoanalysis and Critical Theory
Psychoanalysis and Critical Theory
This chapter analyzes the relationship between Critical Theory and psychoanalysis. Critical Theory has two fundamental principles: the orientation toward emancipation and the critique of ‘traditional theory’. Both of them provide not only for a diagnosis of society’s historical circumstances [Zeitdiagnose], but also allow us to distinguish between identifiable emancipation potentials in capitalist societies and the obstacles which block these potentials.
Since its inception in 1923, the goal of the Institute for Social Research [Institut für Sozialforschung] was to broaden discussion among Marxist thinkers beyond both established disciplinary divisions and dogmatic postures of official Marxist doctrines at that time.1 The attempt at interdisciplinarity included the integration of psychoanalysis into critical social theory ...