- Subject index
The SAGE Handbook of Frankfurt School Critical Theory expounds the development of critical theory from its founding thinkers to its contemporary formulations in an interdisciplinary setting. It maps the terrain of a critical social theory, expounding its distinctive character vis-a-vis alternative theoretical perspectives, exploring its theoretical foundations and developments, conceptualising its subject matters both past and present, and signalling its possible future in a time of great uncertainty. Taking a distinctively theoretical, interdisciplinary, international and contemporary perspective on the topic, this wide-ranging collection of chapters is arranged thematically over three volumes: Volume I: Key Texts and Contributions to a Critical Theory of Society Volume II: Themes Volume III: Contexts This Handbook is essential reading for scholars and students in the field, showcasing the scholarly rigor, intellectual acuteness and negative force of critical social theory, past and present.
Chapter 70: The Frankfurt School and Council Communism
The Frankfurt School and Council Communism
If the Frankfurt School, as Alfred Sohn-Rethel maintained, ‘derived from the German revolution that never happened’, which after the First World War ‘should have occurred and tragically failed’ (Sohn-Rethel, 1990: 10; 1978: xi et sq.), then certain affinities with German–Dutch council communism are to be expected. Council communism emerged in the post-war turmoil as an attempt to avert the failure of the revolution, which brought it into opposition not only to social democracy, but also to Bolshevism shortly thereafter. Following a brief period of mass appeal, council communism shrank to a theoretical enterprise, which, like the Frankfurt School, was still capable of critically ...