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Annie Crookes

In: The SAGE Handbook of Drug & Alcohol Studies Volume 2

Chapter 28: Emerging Tobacco Trends from the Arabian Cultures (Waterpipe and Dokha): Global Prevalence, Health Risks and Propensity for Abuse

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Emerging Tobacco Trends from the Arabian Cultures (Waterpipe and Dokha): Global Prevalence, Health Risks and Propensity for Abuse
Emerging Tobacco Trends from the Arabian Cultures (Waterpipe and Dokha): Global Prevalence, Health Risks and Propensity for Abuse
Annie Crookes
Introduction

Tobacco use is a leading cause of disease globally (WHO, 2014). In recent decades, international health and education policies have had some success in informing the public about the risks of cigarette use and reducing rates of smoking. However, there is now a growing interest in alternative forms of tobacco (ATPs). This category includes bidis (small leaf rolled cigarettes) and kreteks (clove mixed cigarettes) from India as well the waterpipe (using flavoured tobacco inhaled through water) and dokha (herb mixed tobacco smoked through a small pipe) from the ...

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