• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

With contributions from leading international academics across the biological sciences, this handbook takes a critical look at the key contemporary issues and debates in the field. The 31 chapters are divided into four parts: Part I Determination of Substance Misuse Part II PK and PD in Relation to Patterns of Use Part III Detection and Treatment of Drug and Alcohol Use Part IV Controversies and New Approaches This Handbook is an excellent reference text for the growing number of academics, students, scientists and practitioners in the drug and alcohol studies community, and will be a vital resource to the allied professions involved in work-place drug testing, clinical toxicology, and forensic science.

Chapter 20: Wastewater Analysis for the Measurement of Population Level Drug Use: Sewage-Based Epidemiology

Wastewater Analysis for the Measurement of Population Level Drug Use: Sewage-Based Epidemiology
Wastewater Analysis for the Measurement of Population Level Drug Use: Sewage-Based Epidemiology
Bram MiserezAlexander L.N. van Nuijs
Introduction

Knowledge of drug use at a population level can be a useful tool for governmental decisions. Monitoring strategies for population level drug use aim to identify the type of drugs being used and the total amount consumed, spatial and temporal trends in drug use, and other important variables. Population level drug use can be studied by various traditional epidemiological approaches, such as population surveys and questionnaires, treatment data, drug related deaths and drug seizures. However, sewage-based epidemiology (SBE) offers a unique, objective and fast insight into drug use.

Analysis of sewage has been performed historically for many reasons ...

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