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Bram Miserez & Alexander L.N. van Nuijs

In: The SAGE Handbook of Drug & Alcohol Studies Volume 2

Chapter 20: Wastewater Analysis for the Measurement of Population Level Drug Use: Sewage-Based Epidemiology

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Wastewater Analysis for the Measurement of Population Level Drug Use: Sewage-Based Epidemiology
Wastewater Analysis for the Measurement of Population Level Drug Use: Sewage-Based Epidemiology
Bram MiserezAlexander L.N. van Nuijs
Introduction

Knowledge of drug use at a population level can be a useful tool for governmental decisions. Monitoring strategies for population level drug use aim to identify the type of drugs being used and the total amount consumed, spatial and temporal trends in drug use, and other important variables. Population level drug use can be studied by various traditional epidemiological approaches, such as population surveys and questionnaires, treatment data, drug related deaths and drug seizures. However, sewage-based epidemiology (SBE) offers a unique, objective and fast insight into drug use.

Analysis of sewage has been performed historically for many reasons ...

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