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Manuel Ruiz & Lorenza Colzato

In: The SAGE Handbook of Drug & Alcohol Studies Volume 2

Chapter 14: Khat, Mephedrone and MDPV: Pharmacokinetic and Pharmacodynamic Parameters

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Khat, Mephedrone and MDPV: Pharmacokinetic and Pharmacodynamic Parameters
Khat, Methedrone and MDPV: A Discussion of Pharmacokinetic and Pharmacodynamic Parameters
Manuel RuizLorenza Colzato
Khat
Background and history

Khat is the transliteration of an Arabic word that indicates the leaves and shoots of Catha edulis (Fig. 14.1). This is a plant of the Celastraceae family which is endemic in countries around the Red Sea and Eastern Africa. Its leaves have been chewed since ancient times, becoming part of cultural traditions (Fig. 14.2). The khat chewing habit is deeply rooted in African countries such as Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Djibouti, Kenya, and Tanzania and in the south-western countries of the Arabian Peninsula such as Yemen, which is the country with a major population of chewers. Studies generally report more use of the ...

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