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Alyson Bond & Malcolm Lader

In: The SAGE Handbook of Drug & Alcohol Studies Volume 2

Chapter 10: Benzodiazepines: A Discussion of Pharmacokinetic and Pharmacodynamic Effects

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Benzodiazepines: A Discussion of Pharmacokinetic and Pharmacodynamic Effects
Benzodiazepines: A Discussion of Pharmacokinetic and Pharmacodynamic Effects in Those who Misuse the Drug
Alyson BondMalcolm Lader
Use and misuse of benzodiazepines

Benzodiazepines are available only on prescription in most major western countries. They are commonly prescribed for patients with disorders of anxiety or sleep. In the UK, dispensing of benzodiazepines decreased from 1991 to 2009 due mainly to a decrease in the dispensing of hypnotic benzodiazepines (Reed et al. 2012). Anxiolytic benzodiazepines did not show the same steady pattern of decline but total benzodiazepine dispensing decreased by 51.3% from 1980 to 2009 (Reed et al. 2012). The steady use of anxiolytic benzodiazepines may be because few alternative anxiolytic medications have yet been developed and although some antidepressants, in ...

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