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Chapter 9: MDMA: Pharmacokinetics
3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, ecstasy) is a synthetic derivative of amphetamine and one of the most abused recreational psychostimulant drugs in the world. Ecstasy tablets are illegally manufactured in clandestine laboratories and sold to the public for a profit (Lanzarotta, et al., 2011; Parrott, 2013; Karuppagounder, et al., 2014). Ecstasy is sold illegally as tablets of different sizes and colours. Usually tablets contain different kinds of markings and logos, from well-known trademarks to imaginative drawings. Less frequently ecstasy is sold in capsules and powder (Green et al., 2003).
According to the 2014 World Drug Report; ecstasy use has shown signs of a global decline (United Nations, 2014). However, an increase in the seizures of ...