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Mag Farr, Esther Papaseit & Rafael de la Torre

In: The SAGE Handbook of Drug & Alcohol Studies Volume 2

Chapter 9: MDMA: Pharmacokinetics

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MDMA: Pharmacokinetics
MDMA: Pharmacokinetics
Mag FarrEsther PapaseitRafael de la Torre
MDMA pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics

3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, ecstasy) is a synthetic derivative of amphetamine and one of the most abused recreational psychostimulant drugs in the world. Ecstasy tablets are illegally manufactured in clandestine laboratories and sold to the public for a profit (Lanzarotta, et al., 2011; Parrott, 2013; Karuppagounder, et al., 2014). Ecstasy is sold illegally as tablets of different sizes and colours. Usually tablets contain different kinds of markings and logos, from well-known trademarks to imaginative drawings. Less frequently ecstasy is sold in capsules and powder (Green et al., 2003).

Prevalence of ecstasy

According to the 2014 World Drug Report; ecstasy use has shown signs of a global decline (United Nations, 2014). However, an increase in the seizures of ...

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