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Chapter 27: Sex Work, Illicit Drug Use and The Risk Environment

Sex Work, Illicit Drug Use and The Risk Environment
Sex work, illicit drug use and the risk environment
Introduction

Increasing evidence supports the role of settings or environments in mediating drug-related harms and, in particular, vulnerability to blood-borne viral infections (Maher, 2002; Rhodes, 2002; Latkin and Knowlton, 2005; Rhodes et al., 2006). Studies have shown how social, spatial and organizational contexts, such as injecting locations (Ouellet et al., 1991; Latkin et al., 1994; Maher et al., 1998; Koester et al., 2003; Rhodes et al., 2006), legislative/policy frameworks and policing practices (Bluthenthal et al., 1999; Maher and Dixon, 2001; Rhodes et al., 2003; Burris et al., 2004; Wood et al., 2004; Cooper et al., 2005; Small et al., 2006; Friedman et al., 2006), social networks and ...