The SAGE Handbook of Contemporary China
The study of contemporary China constitutes a fascinating yet challenging area of scholarly inquiry. Recent decades have brought dramatic changes to China's economy, society and governance. Analyzing such changes in the context of multiple disciplinary perspectives offers opportunites as well as challenges for scholars in the field known as contemporary China Studies. The SAGE Handbook of Contemporary China is a two-volume exploration of the transformations of contemporary China, firmly grounded in the both disciplinary and China-specific contexts. Drawing on a range of scholarly approaches found in the social sciences and history, an international team of contributors engage with the question of what a rapidly changing China means for the broader field of contemporary China studies, and identify areas of promising future research. Part 1: Context: ...
- Front Matter
- Subject Index
Part I: Context: History, Economy and the Environment
- Chapter 1: The Making of the Modern State and Quest for Modernity
- Chapter 2: Nationalism and the Nation-state
- Chapter 3: Continuity and Change: The Economy in the Twentieth Century
- Chapter 4: Geographic and Environmental Setting
- Chapter 5: Evolution of Market Reforms
- Chapter 6: State-Owned Enterprise: Reform, Performance and Prospects
- Chapter 7: The Rural Economy
- Chapter 8: Economic Growth and Labor Security
- Chapter 9: Inbound Foreign Direct Investment
- Chapter 10: Financial System
- Chapter 11: Technology, Innovation and Knowledge-Based Economy
- Chapter 12: Sustaining Growth: Energy and Natural Resources
- Chapter 13: The Communist Party and Ideology
- Chapter 14: Corruption in Reform Era: A Multidisciplinary Review
- Chapter 15: Campaigns in Politics: From Revolution to Problem Solving
- Chapter 16: Popular Protest
- Chapter 17: Bureaucracy and Policy Making
- Chapter 18: Local and Grassroots Governance
- Chapter 19: Labor Politics
- Chapter 20: Legal and Judicial System
- Chapter 21: China as a Global Financial Power
- Chapter 22: China and Global Energy Governance
- Chapter 23: China and Global Regimes
- Chapter 24: Engagement in Global Health Governance Regimes
- Chapter 25: China–US Relations in a Changing Global Order
- Chapter 26: China–Japan Relations
- Chapter 27: Chinese–Russian Relations
- Chapter 28: China’s Relations with the Korean Peninsula
- Chapter 29: Chinese Foreign Policy: Southeast Asia
- Chapter 30: Popular Nationalism
- Chapter 31: Taiwanese Identity
- Chapter 32: Hong Kong Identity
- Chapter 33: Chinese Outside China
- Chapter 34: Studying Tibetan Identity
- Chapter 35: Uyghur Identities
- Chapter 36: Ethnic Studies Beyond Tibet and Xinjiang
- Chapter 37: Religion
- Chapter 38: Sexual Minorities
- Chapter 39: Urbanization and Urban System
- Chapter 40: Population Mobility and Migration
- Chapter 41: Financing Urbanization and Infrastructure
- Chapter 42: Land and Housing Markets
- Chapter 43: Socio-Spatial Transformation of Cities
- Chapter 44: Poverty and Its Alleviation
- Chapter 45: Regional Inequality: Scales, Mechanisms and Beyond
- Chapter 46: The Making of the ‘Migrant Class’
- Chapter 47: Gender, Migration and HIV/STI Risks and Risk Behaviors
- Chapter 48: Income Inequality and Class Stratification
- Chapter 49: Demographics and Aging
- Chapter 50: Social Welfare
- Chapter 51: China’s Education System: Loved and Hated
- Chapter 52: Nightlife and Night-Time Economy in Urban China
- Chapter 53: Family Life
- Chapter 54: Health, Disease and Medical Care
- Chapter 55: Media since 1949: Changes and Continuities
Part X: Future Directions for Contemporary China Studies
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Introduction © Weiping Wu and Mark W. Frazier 2018
Chapter 1 © Dali Yang 2018
Chapter 2 © Prasenjit Duara 2018
Chapter 3 © Chris Bramall 2018
Chapter 4 © David Pietz 2018
Part II © Weiping Wu 2018
Chapter 5 © Linda Yueh 2018
Chapter 6 © Gary H. Jefferson 2018
Chapter 7 © Susan H. Whiting and Dan Wang 2018
Chapter 8 © Jenny Chan 2018
Chapter 9 © Yasheng Huang 2018
Chapter 10 © Ming He, Yang Chen and Ronald Schramm 2018
Chapter 11 © Albert Hu 2018
Chapter 12 © Jo Inge Bekkevold and Øystein Tunsjø 2018
Part III © Mark W. Frazier 2018
Chapter 13 © Kerry Brown 2018
Chapter 14 © Jiangnan Zhu 2018
Chapter 15 © Zhengxu Wang 2018
Chapter 16 © Wu Zhang 2018
Chapter 17 © Andrew Mertha 2018
Chapter 18 © John James Kennedy and Dan Chen 2018
Chapter 19 © William Hurst 2018
Chapter 20 © Vivienne Bath 2018
Part IV © Mark W. Frazier 2018
Chapter 21 © Arthur Kroeber 2018
Chapter 22 © Gaye Christoffersen 2018
Chapter 23 © 2016 Georgetown University Press, Andrew J. Nathan, ‘China's Rise and International Regimes.’ From China in the Era of Xi Jinping: Domestic and Foreign Domestic Policy Challenges Robert S. Ross and Jo Inge Bekkevold, Editors, pp. 165–195. Used with permission. www.press.georgetown.edu.
Chapter 24 © Bei Tang and Yanzhong Huang 2018
Part V © Mark W. Frazier 2018
Chapter 25 © Rosemary Foot 2018
Chapter 26 © Ed Griffith and Caroline Rose 2018
Chapter 27 © Alexander Lukin 2018
Chapter 28 © Carla P. Freeman 2018
Chapter 29 © Taomo Zhou and Hong Liu 2018
Part VI © Mark W. Frazier 2018
Chapter 30 © Benjamin Darr 2018
Chapter 31 © Lowell Dittmer 2018
Chapter 32 © Ho-Fung Hung 2018
Chapter 33 © Nyíri Pál 2018
Chapter 34 © Ben Hillman 2018
Chapter 35 © Joanne Smith Finley 2018
Chapter 36 © Katherine Palmer Kaup 2018
Chapter 37 © André Laliberté 2018
Chapter 38 © William F. Schroeder 2018
Part VII © Weiping Wu 2018
Chapter 39 © Chaolin Gu and Ian Gillespie Cook 2018
Chapter 40 © C. Cindy Fan 2018
Chapter 41 © Weiping Wu 2018
Chapter 42 © Jiang Xu 2018
Chapter 43 © Jia Feng and Guo Chen 2018
Part VIII © Weiping Wu 2018
Chapter 44 © Björn Gustafsson 2018
Chapter 45 © Felix Haifeng Liao and Yehua Dennis Wei 2018
Chapter 46 © Huimin Du and Wenfei Winnie Wang 2018
Chapter 47 © Xiushi Yang, Hongyun Fu and Meizhen Liao 2018
Chapter 48 © Yanjie Bian, Lei Zhang, Yinghui Li, Yipeng Hu and Na Li 2018
Part IX © Weiping Wu 2018
Chapter 49 © David R. Phillips and Zhixin Feng 2018
Chapter 50 © Daniel Hammond 2018
Chapter 51 © Mette Halskov Hansen 2018
Chapter 52 © James Farrer 2018
Chapter 53 © Jieyu Liu, Eona Bell and Jiayu Zhang 2018
Chapter 54 © Lawton R. Burns and Gordon G. Liu 2018
Chapter 55 © Jian Xu and Wanning Sun 2018
Chapter 56 © Sarah Mellors and Jeffrey Wasserstrom 2018
Chapter 57 © Kristin Stapleton 2018
Chapter 58 © Mark W. Frazier 2018
Library of Congress Control Number: 2017961311
British Library Cataloguing in Publication data
A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library
Associate Editors[Page ii]Associate Editors
- Yanjie Bian, Sociology, University of Minnesota and Xi'an Jiaotong University, USA and China
- Kerry Brown, Political Science, King's College, UK
- Albert Hu, Economics, National University of Singapore, Singapore
- Pál Nyíri, Anthropology and History, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam
- Kristin Stapleton, History, University at Buffalo, SUNY, USA
- Elizabeth Wishnick, Political Science and Law, Montclair State University, USA
List of Figures[Page x]
- 3.1 Per capita GDP, 1952–78 (1990 prices) 55
- 3.2 Real Chinese GDP growth, 1979–2015 59
- 4.1 China’s physical geography 71
- 4.2 China’s population distribution 74
- 4.3 The ‘Water Tower of Asia’ 77
- 4.4 South-to-North Water Diversion Project 88
- 7.1 Agricultural land and labor productivity by country, 1961–2013 151
- 8.1 Composition of Chinese urban employment by ownership, (1998–2014) 169
- 8.2 Composition of China’s employment by industry, 1980–2014 170
- 8.3 Composition of students in China’s senior secondary schools, 2001–14 173
- 8.4 Aging trend of Chinese rural migrant workers, 2008–15 176
- 10.1 Shadow economy from flow of funds data 206
- 10.2 Loans and deposits of all banking institutions 213
- 10.3 Growth in loans and deposits – all financial institutions 214
- 10.4 Loans and deposits as a share of GDP 214
- 10.5 Relative bank size by country 216
- 10.6 Value of corporate and government bonds in China 219
- 10.7 Local bonds and negotiable shares in China 219
- 10.8 Maturities of corporate bonds in China 220
- 10.9 Chinese bonds by principle issuer 221
- 10.10 Interbank SHIBOR and CHIBOR 222
- 10.11 Shanghai and Shenzen stock exchanges, number of listed companies 224
- 10.12 Market capitalization – Shanghai and Shenzen 225
- 10.13 Negotiable shares in Shanghai and Shenzen stock exchanges 226
- 10.14 Pricing discrepancies between Hong Kong and Mainland China in the Hang Seng AH Premium (HSAHP) Index 228
- 10.15 Stock market performance (Shanghai) and government intervention 229
- 10.16 Bank deposits relative to national wealth 231
- 10.17 China’s total social financing as a share of national savings 234
- 11.1 R&D to GDP ratio and GDP per capita 245
- 11.2 Resident patent applications at national patent offices 246
- 11.3 USPTO patent applications 247
- 11.4 Science and technology papers published 248
- 11.5 Papers published in Nature and Science 249
- 14.1 Corruption Perception Index (CPI) of China, 1995–2015 305
- 14.2 The Supreme People’s Courts’ verdicts of corruption cases, 1983–2012 309
- 14.3 Corruption investigation by the DICs, 2013–15 317
- 17.1 Budget-based authority relations 379
- 17.2Xitong and leading groups 381
- 31.1 Changes in the Taiwanese/Chinese identity of Taiwanese as tracked in surveys by the Election Study Center, NCCU (1992–2015.06) 663
- 31.2 Changes in the unification–independence stances of Taiwanese as tracked in surveys by Election Study Center, NCCU (1994–2017.12) 664
- 39.1 Chinese national urban development axes of three verticals and two horizontals 840
- 39.2 Layered urban network space pattern 841
- 39.3 Development axis of urban system in China 2030 844
- 40.1 Volume of inter-provincial migrants (ages 5+), 1990–2010 855
- 40.2 The 30 largest inter-provincial migration flows, 1985–1990 858
- 40.3 The 30 largest inter-provincial migration flows, 1995–2000 859
- 40.4 The 30 largest inter-provincial migration flows, 2005–2010 859
- 41.1 PPI in China and select emerging economies, 1990–2012 (investment in US$ millions) 890
- 43.1 The juxtaposition between urban sprawl and migrant enclaves 929
- 44.1 The development of relative poverty in urban China, 1988–2013 959
- 45.1 A typology of multi-scalar regional inequalities in China 970
- 45.2 Decomposition of interprovincial inequality using Theil Index, 1952–2012 972
- 48.1 Trend of income inequality (generated from multiple data sources) 1023
- 49.1 Birth rate, death rate, and natural growth rate of China’s population, 1949–2013 1053
- 49.2 The evolution of China’s Total Fertility Rate, 1950–2015 (TFR, children per woman) 1053
- 49.3 Population age 65 and over (percentages) by province, 2014 1059
- 49.4 Per capita disposable income of households, 2014 (RMB) 1060
- 49.5 Provincial differences in sex ratios at birth (SRB), 2010 1062
- 53.1 Average size of Chinese families, selected years, 1930–2010 1134
- 53.2 Divorce rate in three countries, 1975–2010 1141
- 54.1 World Bank framework 1152
- 54.2 Dynamic model of transitions 1159
- 54.3 China’s healthcare system 1164
List of Tables[Page xii]
- 3.1 Estimates of Chinese GDP growth, 1914–36 50
- 6.1 Ownership composition: number of enterprises and percentage of industrial sales/output 123
- 6.2 Chinese industry, enterprise performance measures (yuan figures in 100 million) 124
- 6.3 Share of overall measures (%) 124
- 6.4 Largest Chinese corporations (ranked by Fortune) (non-state owned in bold italics) 126
- 8.1 The total number of Chinese rural migrant workers, 2009–15 176
- 10.1 China flow of funds 209
- 10.2 United States flow of funds 209
- 10.3 China non-financial corporates balance sheet 210
- 10.4 United States non-financial corporates balance sheet 211
- 10.5 Key developments in China’s banking sector 213
- 10.6 China’s balance sheet for all banking financial institutions 215
- 10.7 China Development Bank yield curve (June 2016) 221
- 10.8 Major internet money market funds (2014 average returns) 223
- 10.9 Basic market characteristics, 2016 227
- 10.10 2016 stock estimates of shadow banking sectors 235
- 17.1 Rank and authority relations in China 377
- 32.1 Views toward different proposals as solutions to the Hong Kong question, 1982 680
- 39.1 Number of cities, China, by administrative level 829
- 39.2 China’s population and urbanization level 834
- 39.3 Floating population 1982–2015 838
- 39.4 Forecast of future urbanization level 2015–2050 843
- 40.1 Inter-provincial migrants (ages 5+), 1990 and 2010 856
- 41.1 Urban maintenance and construction revenues, 1990–2012 (billion RMB) 884
- 44.1 Poverty rates for China and India and the number of people deemed poor 949
- 45.1 Interprovincial and interregional inequalities in China, 1952–2013 971
- 46.1 Employment segregation of migrants from selected studies 990
- 46.2 Migrant’s access to urban housing 993
- 48.1 A summary comparison of middle and working classes 1031
- 51.1 Educational attainment for people (age 6 and over) by gender and education, 1996 and 2010 1099
- 52.1 Varieties of leisure venues in key cities 1114
- 52.2 Total revenue of food and beverage sector in key cities by year 1117
- 52.3 Types of cuisines available in major Chinese cities 1126
Notes on the Editor and Contributors[Page xiv]The Editors
Weiping Wu is Professor and Director of the Urban Planning Program in the Graduate School of Architecture, Planning and Preservation at Columbia University. She is internationally known for her research on global urbanization with specific expertise in migration, housing, and the infrastructure of Chinese cities. Author and editor of seven books, most recently of The Chinese City (Routledge 2012), which offers a critical understanding of China's urbanisation and explores how the complexity of Chinese cities conforms to and defies conventional urban theories and experience of cities elsewhere. Others include The Dynamics of Urban Growth in Three Chinese Cities (Oxford University Press 1997), Pioneering Economic Reform in China's Special Economic Zones (Ashgate 1999), Local Dynamics in a Globalizing World (Oxford University Press 2000), and Facets of Globalization: International and Local Dimensions of Development (World Bank 2001). Currently she is the President of the Association of Collegiate Schools of Planning. She also has been a Public Intellectuals fellow of the National Committee on US–China Relations and a consultant to the Ford Foundation, Lincoln Institute of Land Policy, and World Bank. Before joining Columbia University in 2016, she held faculty positions at Tufts University and Virginia Commonwealth University.
Mark W. Frazier is Professor of Politics at The New School (New York City), where he also serves as Academic Director of the India China Institute. He teaches and writes about social policy in China and efforts to reduce inequalities. His recent research draws comparisons between China and India in terms of how each has coped with challenges related to inequality and urbanisation. In his capacity as a director at the India China Institute, he works with faculty colleagues to sponsor research projects and conferences to support scholarship on comparative research on China and India, as well as Sino-Indian relations and their joint impact on the rest of the world. He is the author of Socialist Insecurity: Pensions and the Politics of Uneven Development in China (Cornell University Press, 2010) and The Making of the Chinese Industrial Workplace (Cambridge University Press, 2002).[Page xv]The Contributors
Vivienne Bath is Professor of Chinese and International Business Law, Director of the Centre for Asian and Pacific Law and Director of Research, China Studies Centre, at the University of Sydney. She has first class honours in Chinese and law from the Australian National University and a Masters of Law from Harvard Law School. Her research interests are in Chinese law, international business and economic law (particularly investment law) and private international law. Professor Bath has extensive professional experience in Sydney, New York and Hong Kong, specialising in international commercial law, with a focus on foreign investment and commercial transactions in China and the Asian region. Representative publications include ‘China and International Investment Policy: The Balance Between Domestic and International Concerns’ in Toohey, Picker and Greenacre (eds) China in the International Economic Order: New Directions and Changing Paradigms (2015; Cambridge University Press, New York, 227–244); and ‘Overlapping Jurisdiction and the Resolution of Disputes before Chinese and Foreign Courts', (2015–2016) 17 Yearbook of International Private Law (pp. 111–150). Professor Bath speaks Chinese (Mandarin) and German.
Jo Inge Bekkevold is Head of the Centre for Asian Security Studies at the Norwegian Institute for Defence Studies (IFS). His research focuses on China's rise and Asian security issues. His recent publications include China in the Era of Xi Jinping: Domestic and Foreign Policy Challenges with Robert S. Ross (Georgetown University Press, 2016), International Order at Sea: How it is Challenged. How it is Maintained with Geoffrey Till (Palgrave Macmillan, 2016), and Security, Strategy and Military Change in the 21st Century: Cross-Regional Perspectives with Ian Bowers and Michael Raska (Routledge, 2015). Bekkevold is a former career diplomat.
Eona Bell is a Social Anthropologist specialising in the anthropology of China and migration. She worked as a Post-Doctoral Research Associate at the SOAS China Institute, 2015–2016. She was awarded a PhD in social anthropology from the London School of Ecnomics in 2012 for research on ethnic group-making and cultural transmission in the everyday lives of Hong Kong Chinese families living in Scotland.
Yanjie Bian is Professor of Sociology at the University of Minnesota, USA. Concurrently, he is Director of the Institute for Empirical Social Science Research at Xi'an Jiaotong University, China. Dr Bian is a co-founder (with Professor Li Lulu) of the Chinese General Social Survey, which is a public data archive available to domestic and international users. Author of 13 books and numerous articles on China's social stratification, social networks, and institutional change, his current projects include the development of the sociology of [Page xvi]guanxi, a panel study about networks and jobs in Chinese cities, and East Asian social networks. He was recognized as one of the 2014, 2015, 2016, and 2017 Elsevier most-cited Chinese researchers in social science.
Chris Bramall is Professor of Economics at the School of Oriental and African Studies, London. He is a China specialist who has focused on twentieth century economic development, with special reference to the Maoist era. Bramall's principal publications include In Praise of Maoist Economic Planning (1993), Sources of Chinese Economic Growth (2000), The Industrialization of Rural China (2007) and Chinese Economic Development (2008). He was editor of The China Quarterly from 2011 to 2016. His current research centres on agricultural performance in the late Maoist era, and on China's economic take-off during the 1970s.
Kerry Brown is Professor of Chinese Studies and Director of the Lau China Institute at King's College, London, and Associate Fellow on the Asia Programme at Chatham House. From 2012 to 2015 he was professor of Chinese Politics and Director of the China Studies Centre at the University of Sydney. He headed the Asia Programme at Chatham House until 2012, and from 1998 to 2005 was a member of the British Foreign and Commonwealth Office, serving as First Secretary at the British Embassy in Beijing. He is the author of 13 books on contemporary China, the most recent of which are CEO China: The Rise of Xi Jinping (I.B. Tauris, 2016) and China's World: What Does China Want (I.B. Tauris, 2017). He is currently working on a study of the Communist Party as a cultural movement.
Lawton R. Burns is the James Joo-Jin Kim Professor, a Professor of Health Care Management, and a Professor of Management in the Wharton School at the University of Pennsylvania. He is also Director of the Wharton Center for Health Management & Economics, and Co-Director of the Roy & Diana Vagelos Program in Life Sciences and Management. He received his doctorate in Sociology and his MBA in Health Administration from the University of Chicago. Dr Burns taught previously in the Graduate School of Business at the University of Chicago and the College of Business Administration at the University of Arizona. He completed a book on supply chain management in the healthcare industry, The Health Care Value Chain (Jossey-Bass, 2002). He has also edited The Business of Healthcare Innovation (Cambridge University Press, 2012) which analyses the healthcare technology sectors globally: pharmaceuticals, biotechnology, medical devices, and information technology. Most recently, he has served as lead editor of the 6th Edition of the major text, Healthcare Management: Organization Design & Behavior (Delmar, 2011). His three latest books, India's Healthcare Industry, China's Healthcare System and Reform, and Managing Discovery in the Life Sciences were published in 2014, 2017, and 2018 respectively by Cambridge University Press.[Page xvii]
Jenny Chan is Assistant Professor of Sociology at the Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Elected Board Member of the International Sociological Association's Research Committee on Labor Movements (2014–2018), Editor of the Global Labour Journal (2015–2018), and Contributing Editor of the Asia-Pacific Journal (2015–). She is co-author of Dying for an iPhone (with Mark Selden and Ngai Pun, under contract with Rowman & Littlefield). She has published articles on Chinese labor politics, social inequality, and the state for Current Sociology, Modern China, Rural China, Critical Asian Studies, Inter-Asia Cultural Studies, Human Relations, Globalizations, The South Atlantic Quarterly, New Labor Forum, and New Technology, Work and Employment, among others. She received her PhD in 2014, and between 2014 and 2016 she was Lecturer of Sociology and Contemporary China Studies at the University of Oxford's School of Interdisciplinary Area Studies, and held a Junior Research Fellowship at the Kellogg College.
Dan Chen is Assistant Professor at Elizabethtown College Department of Political Science, and she received her PhD at the University of Kansas in 2014. Her research is on media, market reforms and state censorship in China. She has published several book chapters and a number of articles in journals such as The China Quarterly, Political Research Quarterly, Modern China, Journal of Contemporary China and the Journal of East Asian Studies.
Guo Chen is Associate Professor at the Department of Geography, Environment, and Spatial Sciences, with a joint appointment at the Global Urban Studies Program at Michigan State University. She is a Wilson Center Fellow 2017–2018. She is author/co-author of close to forty publications on China's inequality and urbanisation, housing justice and inequality, migration and urban poverty. She is co-editor of Locating Right to the City in the Global South (Routledge, 2013) with forthcoming publications and a documentary on China's hidden slums.
Yang Chen is a Lecturer at International Business School Suzhou, Xi'an Jiaotong-Liverpool University, Suzhou, Jiangsu Province, China. She received her PhD from Nanyang Technological University. Her research interests mainly include urban economics, public finance, and development issues on Chinese economy. She has published in Asia Pacific Journal of Management, Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society, Economic Letters, Energy Economics, Economic Modelling, International Journal of Finance and Economics, Journal of Regional Science, Journal of the Asia Pacific Economy, Theoretical Economics Letters, and Urban Studies.
Gaye Christoffersen is Resident Professor of International Politics in the School of Advanced and International Studies, Johns Hopkins University, Nanjing Center, where she teaches Asian energy security. She was a visiting researcher with the Chinese Ministry of Petroleum Industry in 1986. Recent publications include: ‘Pathways to a Northeast Asian Energy Regime', in China's Rise and Changing [Page xviii]Order in East Asia (2017); ‘The Role of China in Global Energy Governance', China Perspectives no. 2 (2016); ‘US–China Relations in Asia-Pacific Energy Regime Complexes: Cooperative, Complementary and Competitive', Conflict and Cooperation in Sino-US Relations: Change and Continuity, Causes and Cures (2015); ‘The Multiple Levels of Sino-Russian Energy Relations', in Eurasia's Ascent in Energy and Geopolitics: China, Russia, and Central Asia (2012).
Ian Gillespie Cook is now Emeritus Professor of Human Geography at Liverpool John Moores University. An experienced educator, researcher, PhD supervisor and examiner, his research interests include Ageing, Urbanisation, Health Policy, and Environmental issues in China with papers, books and book chapters in a range of outlets including Health Policy, International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, Social Science and Medicine, Urban Studies, Urban Geography and Urban Design and Planning. He also researches global ageing and community engagement in public health across a range of countries. Recent books include the co-authored Aging in Comparative Perspective: Processes and Policies (2012) and Sociability, Social Capital and Community Perspective: A Public Health Perspective (2015), both published by Springer, New York.
Benjamin Darr is Associate Professor of Politics at Loras College in Dubuque, Iowa. He received his PhD in political science from the University of Iowa in 2011. His research has specialised in Chinese public opinion and nationalism, with an emphasis on the role of national identity in providing state legitimacy. He has also published work on democratization in Kyrgyzstan, and on teaching a critical approach to global political economy by using a variant of the game of Monopoly. Dr Darr frequently teaches on American foreign policy, the politics of the global south, and environmental politics. Some of his other scholarly interests include world-systems theory, the ideological function of the median voter theorem, and the intersections between games and political argumentation.
Lowell Dittmer is Professor of Political Science at the University of California at Berkeley, where he teaches Chinese and Asian comparative politics, and editor of Asian Survey. He is currently working on a study of Chinese political morality. Recent works include Sino-Soviet Normalization and Its International Implications (1992), China's Quest for National Identity (with Samuel Kim, 1993), China Under Reform (1994), Liu Shaoqi and the Chinese Cultural Revolution (rev. edn, 1997), (with Haruhiro Fukui and Peter N.S. Lee, eds), Informal Politics in East Asia (Cambridge, 2000), South Asia's Nuclear Security Dilemma: India, Pakistan, and China (Armonk: M.E. Sharpe, 2005), (with Guoli Liu, eds) China's Deep Reform: Domestic Politics in Transition (Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2006), China, the Developing World, and the New Global Dynamic (Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 2010), Burma or Myanmar? The Struggle for National Identity [Page xix](2010), and many scholarly articles. His most recent book is China's Asia: Triangular Dynamics since the Cold War (Rowland & Littlefield, 2018).
Huimin Du is a Post-doctoral Research Fellow at David C. Lam Institute for East–West Studies, Hong Kong Baptist University. Her research interests include migration, housing, youth, and urban studies. She held a number of awards, including inter alia the Dissertation Writing-up Grant of the Foundation of Urban and Regional Studies of the United Kingdom, and the Best Paper Award of the China Geography Specialty Group of the Association of American Geographers Student Paper Competition. Her publications include a co-edited special issue of China Review, articles in Urban Studies, Population, Space and Place, and the Journal of Youth Studies, and chapters in the book Housing Inequalities in Chinese Cities.
Prasenjit Duara is the Oscar Tang Chair of East Asian Studies at Duke University. Born and educated in India, he received his PhD in Chinese history from Harvard University. He was Professor of History and East Asian Studies at University of Chicago (1991–2008) and Raffles Professor and Director of Asia Research Institute at the National University of Singapore (2008–2015). His books include Culture, Power and the State: Rural North China, 1900–1942 (Stanford University Press) winner of Fairbank Prize of the AHA and Levenson Prize of the AAS, USA, Rescuing History from the Nation (University of Chicago Press, 1995), Sovereignty and Authenticity: Manchukuo and the East Asian Modern (Rowman, 2003) and The Crisis of Global Modernity: Asian Traditions and a Sustainable Future (Cambridge, 2014). He was awarded the doctor philosophiae honoris causa from the University of Oslo in 2017.
C. Cindy Fan is Professor of Geography at UCLA. She is also Vice Provost for International Studies and Global Engagement and is the first woman and Asian to hold that position. Previously, she was Associate Dean of Social Sciences and Chair of Asian American Studies. Born and raised in Hong Kong, Dr Fan received her PhD from the Ohio State University and is internationally known for her research on migration, regional development and gender. Dr Fan has numerous publications, including the book China on the Move, a pioneering study on rural–urban migration and split households in China. She has also co-edited Regional Studies and Eurasian Geography and Economics. Dr Fan frequently contributes to the New York Times and China Radio International and gives keynotes throughout the world. She has received the UCLA Distinguished Teaching Award, the Distinguished Scholar Award from the Asian Geography Specialty Group of the American Association of Geographers, and major grants from the Henry Luce Foundation, Andrew Mellon Foundation and National Science Foundation.[Page xx]
James Farrer is Professor of Sociology and Director of the Graduate Program in Global Studies at Sophia University in Tokyo. Largely employing ethnographic methods, his research focuses on cities in East Asia, including projects on sexuality, nightlife, expatriate communities, and urban food cultures. His publications include Opening Up: Youth Sex Culture and Market Reform in Shanghai, Shanghai Nightscapes: A Nocturnal Biography of a Global City (with Andrew Field), and Globalization and Asian Cuisines: Transnational Networks and Contact Zones (editor). Reports on his ongoing research on Japanese foodways can be found at www.nishiogiology.org/ and www.global-japanese-cuisine.org/. James Farrer has lived in Asia for more than two decades, spending part of every year in Shanghai while based in Tokyo.
Jia Feng is Geography Lecturer at Washburn University. He received his PhD in Geography and an MS in Statistics and Probability from Michigan State University and his MA in Geography from Miami University. His research interests include migration, marginality, recycling, and migrant enclaves. His NSF-DDRI-funded dissertation project explored the migrant recycling enclaves in Beijing.
Zhixin Feng is Senior Research Fellow in the Centre for Research on Ageing at the University of Southampton, UK. He obtained his PhD degree in Human Geography at the University of Bristol. His research interests are population health, health geography, health inequality and ageing both in the United Kingdom and China. He has published widely on these areas, including in Social Science and Medicine, Health and Place, Population, Space and Place, and Age and Ageing.
Rosemary Foot, FBA, is Professor Emeritus and a Senior Research Fellow in the Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Oxford. She is also an Emeritus Fellow of St Antony's College, Oxford. She is the author of several books, including The Wrong War: American Policy and the Dimensions of the Korean Conflict, 1950–53 (Cornell University Press, 1985); The Practice of Power: US Relations with China since 1949 (Oxford University Press [OUP], 1995); Rights Beyond Borders: The Global Community and the Struggle Over Human Rights in China (OUP, 2000); and with Andrew Walter as co-author, China, the United States, and Global Order (Cambridge University Press, 2011). A recent co-edited book, with Saadia M. Pekkanen and John Ravenhill, is The Oxford Handbook of the International Relations of Asia (OUP, 2014). Her research interests cover security relations in the Asia-Pacific, US–China relations, human rights, and Asian regional institutions.
Carla P. Freeman is Associate Research Professor of China Studies and Director of the Foreign Policy Institute at the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS). She writes on the linkages between China's foreign and domestic policy. Prior to joining the SAIS faculty, she was a risk analyst and foundation program officer. She has been a fellow at the US Institute of Peace and [Page xxi]the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, and a visiting scholar of Harvard University's Fairbank Center. She is a graduate of Yale University (BA) and Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies (PhD). Recent publications include edited volumes: Handbook of China and Developing Countries (editor) (Edward Elgar Press, 2015; paperback edition, 2016); China and North Korea: Strategic and Policy Perspectives from a Changing China (Palgrave Macmillan, 2015); International Relations of China (with Shaun Breslin and Simon Shen, Sage, 2014). She is the editor-in-chief of Asian Perspective.
Hongyun Fu is currently Assistant Professor at the Community Health and Research Division at the Eastern Virginia Medical School (EVMS). Prior to EVMS, she served as China Country Program Manager of the USAID-funded CAP-3D HIV Program at the Population Services International China platform, where she led implementation of prevention interventions addressing HIV and other major sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in key populations in Southwest China using novel behavior change communication and social marketing approaches. Dr Fu received her doctorate from Tulane University's School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine. She has more than a decade of experience in research and programs addressing HIV/AIDS, sexual/reproductive health, migrant/immigrant health, behavioral treatment of illicit drug use and harm reduction. Her current research focuses on synthetic drug use and STIs risks/resilience in young adults in China.
Ed Griffith is Senior Lecturer in Asia Pacific Studies at the University of Central Lancashire (UCLan). His research focuses on China's Japan policy, particularly with regard to the Yasukuni Shrine issue. His other research interests are mainly focused on the international relations of East Asia and China's approach to its own changing role in the region. He is interested in exploring how established IR theories can be adapted to deepen our understanding of China's behaviour in developing its relationships with neighbouring countries.
Chaolin Gu is Professor in the School of Architecture at Tsinghua University, the Vice President of the Chinese Futurology Association, and Councilman of China Society for Urban Sciences. Gu is mainly engaged in research work in urban and regional planning, regional economics, and urban geography in China. Since 1986, he has published 26 monographs and more than 400 papers. Gu is also a leading urban researcher in China and a well known author on urbanization and urban planning. He has successfully led many major research and planning projects and won several prestigious prizes.
Björn Gustafsson received a PhD in Economics and is now Professor Emeritus at the department of Social Work, University of Gothenburg, Sweden. He is also a Research Fellow at the Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA), Bonn, Germany. At present his research is focused on issues related to poverty, social assistance, the distribution of income and immigrants/ethnic minorities in Sweden [Page xxii]as well as in China. Recent publications include: ‘Age at Immigration Matters for Labor Market Integration: The Swedish Example’ (with Hanna MacInnes and Torun Österberg), IZA Journal of Development and Migration, 2017, 7(1); ‘Charitable Donations by China's Private Enterprises’ (with XiunaYang, Gang Shuge and Dai Jianzhong), Economic Systems, 2017, 41(3), 456–469; ‘Earnings among Nine Ethnic Minorities and the Han Majority in Chinas Cities’ (with Xiuna Yang), Journal of Asia Pacific Economy, 2017, 22(3), 525–546.
Daniel Hammond is Lecturer in Chinese Politics and Society at the University of Edinburgh. His main research focus has been on social assistance in contemporary China focusing in particular on the urban resident minimum livelihood guarantee system. This has included studies at both national and local level. In addition, he has written about China's representation in international media and co-authored on China and international politics. Current projects include China's state discourse on poverty, how China is represented in social media and digital games, and the teaching of Chinese politics and policy making.
Mette Halskov Hansen is Professor in China Studies at the University of Oslo. She started doing fieldwork in ethnic minority schools in Yunnan Province in the early 1990s and has since then published widely on issues concerning, for instance, minority education, Han settlers in ethnic minority areas, and individualization processes in mainstream schools. Her most recent book on education was Educating the Chinese Individual: Life in a Rural High School (University of Washington Press, 2015). In recent years her interest has turned towards issues of pollution and climate change and she is currently directing an international research project on the human dimensions of air pollution in China. This research has resulted in a series of co-written articles relating to policies, histories, and perceptions of air pollution in China, some of them published in a special issue of The China Quarterly (online versions October 2017, paper version June 2018).
Ming He is currently Lecturer in Economics at the International Business School of Suzhou, Xi'an Jiaotong-Liverpool University. He earned his PhD from the University of Colorado at Boulder and worked at Zhejiang University and Hunan University before joining XJTLU in 2014. His current active fields of research are Geographical Economics and Urban Economics, topics including China's urban land market, agglomeration economics, and technology spillover. His work has been published in Journal of Regional Science, Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy, and Society, Urban Studies, Regional Studies, and Economic Modelling.
Ben Hillman is Associate Professor and Director of the Policy and Governance Program at Crawford School of Public Policy, Australian National University. He studies political development, nationalism and ethnic relations in Asia, with a focus on China and Indonesia. He has published widely on China's Tibetan [Page xxiii]regions, China's ethnic policies and ethnic unrest. His most recent book is Shangrila Inside Out, published in Chinese by Yunnan People's Publishing House. He is co-editor (with Gray Tuttle) of Ethnic Conflict and Protest in Tibet and Xinjiang: Unrest in China's West (Columbia University Press, 2016), and author of Patronage and Power: Local State Networks and Party-state Resilience in Rural China (Stanford University Press, 2014). He is also an Editor at East Asia Forum, a platform for analysis and research on politics, economics, business, law, security and international relations in the Asia Pacific.
Albert Hu is Associate Professor of Economics at the National University of Singapore. His main research interests are technological change and the Chinese economy. He received a Bachelor's degree in International Finance from Nankai Univerity, PRC, and a PhD in International Economics from Brandeis University, U.S.A. His research interests include technological change, economic growth and development, and the Chinese economy. His research has appeared in academic journals such as Review of Economics and Statistics, Journal of Development Economics and Research Policy. He is an associate editor of China Economic Review. He has consulted for the Asian Development Bank, the World Intellectual Property Organization and the Word Bank.
Yipeng Hu is Associate Professor of Sociology at Wuhan University, China. Teaching sociological theory and Chinese social thoughts, his research interests include the indigenisation of sociology, social stratification and mobility, and class consciousness in contemporary China. He is currently developing a theoretical interpretation of the growth of sociological masters in and outside China.
Yanzhong Huang is Professor and Director of the Center for Global Health Studies at Seton Hall University's School of Diplomacy and International Relations. He is also an adjunct senior fellow for global health at the Council on Foreign Relations, where he directs the Global Health Governance roundtable series. He is the founding editor of Global Health Governance journal. Huang has written extensively on global health governance, health diplomacy and health security, and public health in China and East Asia. He has published numerous reports, journal articles, and book chapters, including articles in Survival, Foreign Affairs, Public Health, Bioterrorism and Biosecurity, and the Journal of Contemporary China, as well as op-ed pieces in the New York Times, International Herald Tribune, YaleGlobal, and Straits Times, among others. In 2012, he was listed by InsideJersey as one of the ‘20 Brainiest People in New Jersey'. He was a research associate at the National Asia Research Program, a public intellectuals fellow at the National Committee on US–China Relations, an associate fellow at the Asia Society, a visiting senior research fellow at the National University of Singapore, and a visiting fellow at the Center for Strategic and International Studies. He has taught at Barnard College and Columbia [Page xxiv]University. He obtained his BA and MA degrees from Fudan University and his PhD in political science from the University of Chicago.
Yasheng Huang is the International Program Professor in Chinese Economy and Business and a Professor of Global Economics and Management at the MIT Sloan School of Management. He is a co-principal investigator of a large-scale, interdisciplinary research project on food safety in China. He is currently working on a book about how China has scaled its politics and economics. His research papers have been published in Journal of Comparative Economics, Review of Economics and Statistics, Business and Politics, European Journal of Finance, World Politics, British Journal of Political Science, Journal of Economic Perspectives, Journal of Management Perspectives, China Economic Review, and Journal of International Business and Policy. He has published ten books, including Inflation and Investment Controls in China (1996), FDI in China (1998), Selling China (2003), Financial Reform in China (2005, co-edited with Tony Saich and Edward Steinfeld), Capitalism with Chinese Characteristics (2008, one of The Economist's best books of the year) and in Chinese, Innovating Innovations (2016), MIT and Innovations (2015), The Transformation of the Chinese Private Sector (2012), What Exactly Is the China Model? (winner of the Blue Lion Prize for the best book published in 2011) and The Path of Big Enterprises (2010).
Ho-Fung Hung is the Henry M. and Elizabeth P. Wiesenfeld Professor in Political Economy at the Department of Sociology and the School of Advanced International Studies of the Johns Hopkins University. He researches global political economy, protest, and nationalism. He is the author of the award-winning Protest with Chinese Characteristics (2011) and The China Boom: Why China Will not Rule the World (2016), both published by Columbia University Press. His articles have appeared in the American Journal of Sociology, the American Sociological Review, Development and Change, New Left Review, Review of International Political Economy, Asian Survey, and elsewhere. His analyses of the Chinese political economy and Hong Kong politics have been featured or cited in The New York Times, The Financial Times, The Wall Street Journal, Bloomberg News, BBC News, The Guardian, Folha de S. Paulo (Brazil), The Straits Times (Singapore), The South China Morning Post (Hong Kong), Xinhua Monthly (China), and People's Daily (China), among other publications.
William Hurst is Associate Professor of Political Science at Northwestern University. He is the author of The Chinese Worker after Socialism (Cambridge, 2009) and Ruling Before the Law: the Politics of Legal Regimes in China and Indonesia (Cambridge, 2018), and co-editor of Laid-off Workers in a Workers’ [Page xxv]State: Unemployment with Chinese Characteristics (Palgrave-Macmillan, 2009) and Local Governance Innovation in China: Experimentation, Diffusion, and Defiance (Routledge, 2015). His ongoing research, in China and elsewhere, focuses on: political economy, law and society, urban politics, contentious politics, labor politics, and aspects of international relations. Before coming to Northwestern, he was a postdoctoral fellow at Oxford and assistant professor at the Universities of Texas and Toronto.
Gary H. Jefferson writes about institutions, technology, economic growth, and China's economy. At Brandeis, Jefferson has joint appointments in the Department of Economics and the International Business School. Jefferson's publications include ‘Enterprise Reform in Chinese Industry', Journal of Economic Perspectives, 1994; ‘R&D and Technology Transfer: Firm-Level Evidence from Chinese Industry', Review of Economics and Statistics, 2005; ‘The Sources and Sustainability of China's Economic Growth', Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, 2006; ‘A Great Wall of Patents: What is Behind China's Recent Patent Explosion?', Journal of Development Economics, 2009; ‘The Future Trajectory of China's Political Reform: A Property Rights Interpretation', Unfinished Reforms in the Chinese Economy, 2014; ‘Restructuring China's Research Institutes', Economics of Transition, 2017; and ‘Chinese Patent Quality and the Role of Research and Ownership Collaboration', in process. Jefferson's research has involved extended collaborations with China's Academy of Social Sciences, the National Bureau of Statistics, and the Ministry of Science and Technology.
Katherine Palmer Kaup is James B. Duke Professor of Asian Studies and Politics and International Affairs at Furman University in Greenville, SC. She holds an A.B. from Princeton University (1989) and an MA/PhD (1997) in Government and Foreign Affairs from the University of Virginia. Kaup's research focuses on ethnic minorities and rule of law developments in China. Her most recent article ‘Controlling Law: Legal Developments in China's Southwest Minority Regions’ (China Quarterly) is based on fieldwork in Honghe Prefecture in Yunnan Province and examines how conflicts between customary minority law and state law are resolved. She is the author of Creating theZhuang: Ethnic Politics in China, several articles and chapters on ethnic minorities, and editor and contributor to the textbook Understanding Contemporary Asia. Kaup has served as special adviser for Minority Nationalities Affairs at the Congressional-Executive Commission on China, Public Intellectuals Fellow with the National Committee on United States–China Relations, Distinguished Visiting Scholar at Yunnan Minzu University, and PI/Project Director on several federally funded Chinese language grants and Furman's Luce Initiative on Asian Studies and the Environment.[Page xxvi]
John James Kennedy is Associate Professor in the department of Political Science at the University of Kansas (KU), and he received his PhD at the University of California, Davis in 2002. His research is on local governance and topics include local elections, tax and fee reform, rural education, health care, family planning and the cadre management system. He has published over a half dozen book chapters and over a dozen research articles in journals such as The China Quarterly, Journal of Contemporary China, Asian Survey, Political Studies, the Journal of Peasant Studies, the Journal of Chinese Political Science, China Information, Asian Politics and Policy and Journal of Diplomacy and International Relations.
Arthur Kroeber has studied the Chinese economy since 1991 as a financial journalist and researcher and has spent more than 20 years living in Beijing, Guangzhou and Taipei. He is founder and head of research at Gavekal Dragonomics, an economic consultancy in Beijing; senior non-resident fellow of the Brookings-Tsinghua Center; and adjunct professor at the Columbia University School of International and Public Affairs. His latest book is China's Economy: What Everyone Needs to Know (Oxford, 2016).
André Laliberté is Professor of Comparative Politics at the School of Political Studies at the University of Ottawa, Canada, as well as associate researcher at the Groupe Sociétés, Religions et Laïcités in Paris and research fellow at the Center on Religions and Chinese Societies, at Purdue University. He is the author of more than 50 articles and book chapters, about religion in China and Taiwan, in relation to state regulation, philanthropy, development, political change, and cross-strait relations. He has co-edited The Moral Economies of Nationalist and Ethnic Claims, and Secular States and Religious Diversity, and he is finishing a co-edited book on Buddhism in China after Mao. His current research interests look into the incorporation of religious actors in East Asian welfare regimes by the state, with special attention to how education and propaganda promotes traditional values that shape the reproduction of family-based care in Chinese cities and in Taiwan.
Na Li is Assistant Professor of Sociology at Huazhong University of Science and Technology, China. Her research interests include inequality of Chinese higher education, social stratification and mobility, and social work in China. Her current project is about how social stratification and mobility affects the equality and inequality of higher education in China.
Yinghui Li is Lecturer of Sociology at the Northwest University of Political Science and Law, China. Her research is mainly focused on China's social stratification and mobility, status attainment, labor markets, and social class identity. Her current work is about China's middle class and income disparity between migrants of rural origin and urbanites in Chinese cities.[Page xxvii]
Felix Haifeng Liao is Assistant Professor of Geography at the University of Idaho in the United States. He is primarily an economic geographer with research interests in regional development, foreign direct investment, and industrial locations/agglomeration. He is also interested in urban and environmental studies and planning, and has methodological expertise in spatial analysis, spatial econometrics, and geographic information science and routinely uses these tools and statistical methods in his work. Dr Liao's research has been published in Applied Geography, The Professional Geographer, Annals of Regional Science, Environment and Planning C, Urban Studies, Habitat International, Stochastic Environmental Research and Risk Assessment, and Sustainability, among others. He is a member of the American Association of Geographers, the Regional Development and Planning Specialty Group, and the Regional Science Association International.
Meizhen Liao is currently Associate Professor at the Institute for AIDS/STD Control and Prevention at Shandong Center for Disease Control and Prevention, China. Her formal training is in epidemiology, specialising in surveillance. Dr Liao has been working on risk behaviours and STIs among HIV-related high-risk populations since 2003. Her current research and programs focus on HIV risk behaviour, behavioural surveillance and harm reduction, qualitative data management and analysis.
Gordon G. Liu is a PKU Yangtze River Scholar Professor of Economics at Peking University National School of Development (NSD), and Director of PKU China Center for Health Economic Research (CCHER). His research interests include health and development economics, health reform, and pharmaceutical economics. Prior to PKU NSD, he was a full professor at PKU Guanghua School of Management (2006–2013); associate professor at UNC Chapel Hill (2000–2006); and assistant professor at USC (1994–2000). He was the 2005–2006 President of the Chinese Economists Society, and the founding chair of the Asian Consortium for the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research (ISPOR). Dr Liu has served as Associate Editor for leading academic journals Health Economics (HE), Value in Health (The ISPOR official journal), and China Economic Quarterly (CEQ). Dr Liu sits on The China State Council Health Reform Advisory Commission; the UN ‘Sustainable Development and Solution Network’ (SDSN) Leadership Council led by Jeffrey Sachs of Columbia University, and Co-Chairs the SDSN Health Thematic Group.
Hong Liu is Tan Kah Kee Endowed Professor of Public Policy and Global Affairs at Nanyang Technological University in Singapore, where he serves as Chair of the School of Social Sciences and Director of the Nanyang Centre for Public Administration. He was previously Chair Professor of East Asian Studies and Founding Director of the Centre for Chinese Studies at Manchester University. Apart from articles in the Journal of Asian Studies, The China Quarterly, Journal of Contemporary China, International Journal of Comparative Sociology, and [Page xxviii]Ethnic and Racial Studies, his recent publications also include China and the Shaping of Indonesia, 1949–1965 (National University of Singapore Press/Kyoto University Press, 2011), Dear China: Migrant Letters and Remittances, 1820–1980 (co-authored with Greogor Benton, University of California Press, 2018), and The Qiaopi Trade and Transnational Networks in the Chinese Diaspora (co-edited with Gregor Benton and Huimei Zhang, Routledge, 2018).
Jieyu Liu is Reader in Sociology of China and Deputy Director at the SOAS China Institute, SOAS University of London. Her research interests include gender, sexuality, family and generation in China. She is the author of Gender and Work in Urban China (Routledge) and Gender, Sexuality and Power in Chinese Companies: Beauties at Work (Palgrave). In 2015, she was awarded a five-year European Research Council grant to examine changing family relations in China, Hong Kong and Taiwan.
Alexander Lukin is Head of Department of International Relations at National Research University Higher School of Economics (Moscow, Russia), Director of the Center for East Asian and Shanghai Organization Studies at Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO-University) and Chair Professor at Zhejiang University School of Public Affairs (Hangzhou, China). He received his first degree from Moscow State Institute of International Relations in 1984, a DPhil in Politics from Oxford University in 1997, a doctorate in history from the Diplomatic Academy in Moscow in 2007 and a degree in theology from St Tikhon's Orthodox University in 2013. Lukin's research focuses on Russian and Chinese politics and foreign policy, with a particular emphasis on Russia's relationships with the Asia-Pacific region and Sino-Russian relations. He is the author of numerous books on these subjects, his most recent entitled The Pivot to Asia: Russia's Foreign Policy Enters the Twenty-First Century (Vij Books India, 2016) and China and Russia: A New Rapprochement (Polity, 2018).
Sarah Mellors, as of August 2018, is Assistant Professor of History at Missouri State University. She is primarily interested in gender and sexuality and the history of medicine in modern Chinese history. She completed her PhD in 2018 at the University of California, Irvine, and her dissertation examines birth control practices in urban China before the implementation of the One Child Policy. Prior to attending graduate school, she researched Chinese rule of law issues with the Congressional-Executive Commission on China and served as the assistant director of summer study abroad for the China Institute's Shanghai program. She has also contributed to the Los Angeles Review of Books and Women and Gender in China (WAGIC).[Page xxix]
Andrew Mertha is the George and Sadie Hyman Professor of China Studies and Director of the China Program at the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS). He is the author of The Politics of Piracy: Intellectual Property in Contemporary China (Cornell University Press, 2005), China's Water Warriors: Citizen Action and Policy Change (Cornell University Press, 2008), and Brothers in Arms: Chinese Aid to the Khmer Rouge, 1975–1979 (Cornell University Press, 2014) and editor of May Ebihara's Svay: A Cambodian Village, with an Introduction by Judy Ledgerwood (Cornell University Press/Cornell Southeast Asia Program Press, 2018). He has articles appearing in The China Quarterly, Comparative Politics, International Organization, Issues & Studies, CrossCurrents, and Orbis, and chapters appearing in several edited volumes.
Andrew J. Nathan is Class of 1919 Professor of Political Science at Columbia University. He studies the politics and foreign policy of China, political participation and political culture in Asia, and the international human rights regime. Nathan's books include Chinese Democracy (1985), The Tiananmen Papers (2001), China's Search for Security (2012), and Will China Democratize? (2013). He has served at Columbia as director of the Weatherhead East Asian Institute and as chair of the Political Science Department. He is chair of the Morningside Institutional Review Board (IRB). Off campus, he is a member of the boards of the National Endowment for Democracy and Human Rights in China. He is the regular Asia and Pacific book reviewer for Foreign Affairs.
Nyíri Pál is Professor of Global History from an Anthropological Perspective at the Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam. His research focuses on the international mobility of emerging elites in China. His most recent books are Reporting for China: How Chinese Correspondents Work with the World and Chinese Encounters in Southeast Asia: How People, Money, and Ideas from China are Changing a Region (edited with Danielle Tan).
David R. Phillips is Lam Woo & Co. Ltd Chair Professor of Social Policy at Lingnan University, Hong Kong and an Adjunct Professor at Macquarie University, Australia and McMaster University, Canada. He has research and teaching interests in social gerontology, ageing, global health and social epidemiology, with special reference to ageing in China and the Asia-Pacific. He has published widely in these areas and his book Global Health appeared in a second edition in 2017 (Kevin McCracken and David R. Phillips, Routledge). He has been an adviser and resource person to the World Health Organization and other international agencies on many occasions.[Page xxx]
David Pietz is Professor of Chinese History, and Director of the Global Studies Program at the University of Arizona. He also holds the UNESCO Chair in Environmental History. Dr Pietz's research focuses on the environmental history of China. His publications include The Yellow River: The Problem of Water in Modern China (2015), Engineering the State: The Huai River and Reconstruction in Nationalist China (2002) and State and Economy in Republican China: A Handbook for Scholars (1999). His research has been supported by grants from the National Science Foundation, the National Endowment for the Humanities, the Mellon Foundation, the American Philosophical Society, and the Institute for Advanced Studies (Princeton).
Caroline Rose is Professor of Sino-Japanese Relations at the University of Leeds. Her research focuses on the history problem in Sino-Japanese relations, with particular reference to the textbook problem, Yasukuni Shrine issue, and compensation cases. She has also published on the nature of China–Japan relations beyond the Asia Pacific, and is currently writing a monograph on patriotic education in China and Japan and the implications for national identity formation and Sino-Japanese relations.
Ronald Schramm has been conducting research related to China since the early 1990s and is a Visiting Associate Professor at Columbia's School of International and Public Affairs. He is the author of The Chinese Macroeconomy and Financial System: A US Perspective (Routledge). He was on the faculty of IBSS in Suzhou as an Associate Professor (2013–2016), creating and directing its Economics PhD program. Before IBSS he had been on the faculty of Columbia Business School for over 27 years. He also served as Finance Editor for the International Journal of Emerging Markets. He holds a Bachelor's Degree from Harvard University (with Honors) and Master of Arts, Master of Philosophy and PhD in Economics from Columbia University. Schramm was a Fulbright Scholar at UIBE in Beijing and held visiting faculty positions at HKST in Hong Kong, Shanghai Jiao Tong University and CEIBS Shanghai. He was at the IMF for three years as an Economist.
William F. Schroeder is an independent researcher. He received his PhD in Sociocultural Anthropology at the University of Virginia in 2010 and was Lecturer in Chinese Studies at the University of Manchester, UK, until December 2016. His research has focused on leisure practices in the queer community in Beijing and draws on queer, play, affect, and kinship theories. His work has appeared in GLQ (Duke University Press) and edited volumes and blogs, and he has recently co-edited a book titled Queer/Tongzhi China: New Perspectives on Research, Activism and Media Cultures (2015, NIAS Press). He is a co-founder of the Queer China Working Group, an international collaboration of artists, activists, and scholars concerned with the queer PRC, and continues to publish on related themes.[Page xxxi]
Joanne Smith Finley joined Newcastle University in January 2000, where she is currently Senior Lecturer in Chinese Studies in the School of Modern Languages. Her research interests include the formation, transformation, hybridisation and globalisation of identities among the Uyghurs of Xinjiang, China; strategies of symbolic resistance in Xinjiang; alternative representations in Uyghur popular culture (including subaltern cosmopolitanism); the gendering of ethno-politics in Xinjiang; and gender in Xinjiang and the Uyghur diaspora in the context of Islamic revival. She has published a range of journal articles and book chapters on these topics. Her monograph The Art of Symbolic Resistance: Uyghur Identities and Uyghur–Han Relations in Contemporary Xinjiang (Brill Academic Publishing) was published in 2013. This is an ethnographic study of evolving Uyghur identities and ethnic relations over a period of 20 years (from the 1991 collapse of the Soviet Union through the 1997 Ghulja disturbances and the 2009 Ürümchi riots to 2011). Dr Smith Finley is also co-editor of two volumes: Situating the Uyghurs between China and Central Asia (Ashgate, 2007) and Language, Education and Uyghur Identity in Urban Xinjiang (Routledge, 2015).
Kristin Stapleton is Professor of History at the University at Buffalo, State University of New York, edits the journal Twentieth-Century China, and serves as a member of the editorial board of Education About Asia. She contributes to the work of the Chinese Urban Research Network and the Global Urban History Project. Her research explores modern Chinese urban history, comparative urban history, the ways in which Chinese history is represented in fiction, and the continuing relevance of imperial and twentieth-century Chinese urban planning in China and the world today. She is the author of Civilizing Chengdu: Chinese Urban Reform, 1895–1937 (Harvard Asia Center, 2000) and Fact in Fiction: 1920s China and Ba Jin's Family (Stanford, 2016).
Wanning Sun is Professor of Media and Communication Studies, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, University of Technology, Sydney. She is a Fellow of the Australian Academy of Humanities. She specializes in Chinese media and communication, rural-to-urban migration and cultural politics of inequality in contemporary China, diasporic Chinese media, health and environmental communication. She is the author of Subaltern China: Rural Migrants, Media and Cultural Practices (Rowman & Littlefield, 2014) and co-author of Telemodernities: Television and Transforming Lives in Asia (Duke University Press, 2016).
Bei Tang is Associate Professor of international relations and assistant director of the Center for Global Governance Studies at the School of International Relations and Public Affairs at Shanghai International Studies University. She was a visiting scholar at Columbia University from 2014 to 2015. Tang has published numerous journal articles and newspaper articles in the area of global health governance, including international health governance regimes, major powers’ health diplomacy, China's health system reform and the World Health [Page xxxii]Organization's role in international cooperation. In addition to health issues, her research interests also include international institutions and international organizations. She was awarded Shanghai's Chenguang scholar in 2010. She got her BA and PhD in international relations from Fudan University.
Øystein Tunsjø is Professor at the Norwegian Institute for Defence Studies. Tunsjø is the author of The Return of Bipolarity in World Politics: China, the United States and Geostructural Realism (Columbia University Press, 2018); Security and Profits in China's Energy Policy: Hedging Against Risk (Columbia University Press, 2013) and US Taiwan Policy: Constructing the Triangle (London: Routledge, 2008). Tunsjø is co-editor with Robert S. Ross of Strategic Adjustment and the Rise of China: Power and Politics in East Asia (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2017); co-editor with Robert S. Ross and Peter Dutton of Twenty First Century Seapower: Cooperation and Conflict at Sea (London: Routledge, 2012); and co-editor with Robert Ross and Zhang Tuosheng of US–China–EU Relations: Managing a New World Order (London: Routledge, 2010). Tunsjø has published articles in journals such as Survival, International Relations, Cooperation and Conflict and World Economy and Politics (in Chinese).
Dan Wang is an analyst in The Economist Intelligence Unit of the Economist Group. She is responsible for editing analytical reports on regional development and white papers providing the latest insights on the Chinese economy. She is also involved in modelling short- and long-term forecasts of key regional indicators. Before joining the EIU, Dan was a post-doctoral fellow in the Chinese Academy of Sciences as an economist. She led projects to evaluate China's livestock industry and agricultural policy, and was heavily involved in assessing the results of the National Clean-Water projects. Dan holds a PhD in Economics from the University of Washington, where she specialised in econometrics, natural resources and environmental economics. Dan has published works on agricultural price reform and subsidy, pork cycles and overseas agricultural investment. Her current research covers a wide range of topics, such as local government debt, fiscal policy and consumer markets.
Wenfei Winnie Wang is a Senior Lecturer in Human Geography at the School of Geographical Sciences, University of Bristol. She obtained her PhD from UCLA and taught at University of South Alabama as a tenure-track Assistant Professor before joining the University of Bristol. Her research primarily concerns migration, development and health studies in China, particularly rural–urban migration and urbanisation, return migration and its impacts on rural development, as well as ageing population and health. She has published widely in top journals in those areas such as Eurasian Geography and Economics, Urban Geography, Environment and Planning A, Health & Place, Social Sciences & Medicine and Dialogues in Human Geography.[Page xxxiii]
Zhengxu Wang is Shanghai City's 1000-Talent Distinguished Professor and Oriental Scholar Distinguished Professor at the School of International Relations and Public Affairs Fudan University, China. He obtained his PhD in Political Science from the University of Michigan, and subsequently obtained academic experience in the National University of Singapore and the UK's University of Nottingham, where he served as Associate Professor at its School of Contemporary Chinese Studies and Senior Fellow and Deputy Director of its China Policy Institute. He researches on national party and state institutions and politics in China, especially the politics among top political elites, citizen values and political behaviours in China and East Asia, and institutional changes and political reforms in China, among other topics. His publications have appeared in Governance, International Review of Sociology, Political Research Quarterly, Contemporary Politics, Asian Journal of Public Opinion Research, The China Quarterly, The China Journal, Journal of Contemporary China, and others.
Jeffrey Wasserstrom, who received his Masters from Harvard and his PhD from Berkeley, is Chancellor's Professor of History at UC Irvine, where he edits the Journal of Asian Studies (term ending June 2018) and holds courtesy affiliations with the Law School and program in Literary Journalism. He has written five books, including Student Protests in Twentieth-Century China (1991) and Eight Juxtapositions: China through Imperfect Analogies from Mark Twain to Manchukuo (Penguin, 2016). He has edited or co-edited several others, including, most recently, The Oxford Illustrated History of Modern China (2016). In addition to writing for academic journals, he has contributed to many general interest venues, among them The New York Times, the TLS, and the Los Angeles Review of Books (LARB). He is an advising editor at LARB and an academic editor of its associated China Channel.
Yehua Dennis Wei is an economic/urban geographer and China specialist, with research interests in globalization, urbanization, and regional/sustainable development in China. He is author of Regional Development in China and more than 150 referenced journal articles. His research has been funded by the US National Science Foundation, Ford Foundation, Alexander von Humboldt Foundation, and the Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC). He has received awards for excellence in research from Association of American Geographers’ (AAG) Regional Development and Planning Specialty Group, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, and NSFC (Outstanding Young Scientist Award). His professional services include: adviser/panelist for the NSF, consultant to the World Bank, Chair of AAG's China Geography, Asian Geography, and Regional Development & Planning specialty groups, and vice president of Chinese Professionals in GIS.
Susan H. Whiting is Associate Professor of Political Science at the University of Washington in Seattle. She holds a BA from Yale and a PhD from the University [Page xxxiv]of Michigan and specializes in political economy and governance with a focus on China. Her first book, Power and Wealth in Rural China: The Political Economy of Institutional Change, was published by Cambridge University Press in 2001. She has published articles and chapters on rule of law, property rights, and fiscal reform in numerous publications, including Comparative Political Studies, China Quarterly, and Urban Studies. She has contributed to reports on governance, fiscal reform, and non-governmental organizations under the auspices of the World Bank, the Asian Development Bank, and the Ford Foundation, respectively. Her current research interests include property rights in land, the role of law and courts in economic transition, and the politics of fiscal reform in transition economies. At the University of Washington, she teaches courses in Comparative Politics, Political Economy, and Chinese Politics.
Jian Xu is Lecturer in Communication in the School of Communication and Creative Arts, Deakin University. He researches Chinese media and communication with a particular interest in the sociology and politics of digital media. He is the author of Media Events in Web 2.0 China: Interventions of Online Activism (Sussex Academic Press, 2016) and co-editor of Chinese Social Media: Social, Cultural and Political Implications (Routledge, 2018).
Jiang Xu is Professor in the Department of Geography and Resource Management and Associate Dean (Education) of the Faculty of Social Science, The Chinese University of Hong Kong. Her main research areas include critical urban studies, mega-city development, urban planning, and changing state spatialities in transitional societies. She has published widely in these areas. She is the co-author of the award-winning book Urban Development in Post-Reform China: State, Market and Space (2007, Routledge, with F. Wu and Anthony G.O. Yeh), and the editor of a volume Governance and Planning of Mega-City Regions: An International Comparative Perspective (2011, Routledge). She is the recipient of the 2008 Research Output Prize of the University of Hong Kong, and 2012 Research Excellence Award of the Chinese University of Hong Kong. Her co-authored work on environmental discourses in planning has been awarded the 2014 Annual Best Paper by International Development Planning Review.
Dali Yang is the William Claude Reavis Professor in the Department of Political Science and the College and Senior Advisor to the President and Provost on Global Initiatives at the University of Chicago. He is a non-resident Senior Fellow at the Chicago Council on Global Affairs. He served as the founding Faculty Director of the University of Chicago Center in Beijing (2010–2016). His research is focused on the politics of China's development and governance. Among his books are Remaking the Chinese Leviathan: Market Transition and the Politics of Governance in China (Stanford University Press, 2004); Calamity and Reform in China: State, Rural Society and Institutional Change since the Great Leap Famine [Page xxxv](Stanford University Press, 1996); and Beyond Beijing: Liberalization and the Regions in China (Routledge, 1997). His recent articles have appeared in Chinese Political Science Review, Comparative Political Studies, Governance, International Political Science Review, Journal of Contemporary China, and Political Studies.
Xiushi Yang is Professor of Sociology at the Department of Sociology and Criminal Justice, Old Dominion University. A social demographer, Dr Yang has extensive survey research experience in China. He received his PhD in Sociology with a concentration in population studies from Brown University in 1991. His research interests include migration, HIV risk behaviours and behavioural intervention. For the past 20 years, his research focused on the impact of migration and socioeconomic changes on reproductive and HIV risk sexual and drug using behaviours in China. His recent research included survey research on the interactive impact of migration and gender on HIV risk sexual behaviours and HIV prevention intervention research. Dr Yang has been the principal investigator for several National Institutes of Health funded studies. Currently, he is the principal investigator of a behavioural study on synthetic drug abuse (funded by NIH/NIDA) in China.
Linda Yueh is Fellow in Economics, St Edmund Hall, University of Oxford and Adjunct Professor of Economics, London Business School. She is also Visiting Senior Fellow at the London School of Economics and Political Science and was Visiting Professor of Economics at Peking University. She is the author of China's Growth: The Making of an Economic Superpower and Enterprising China: Business, Economic and Legal Development Since 1979, among other books. She is Editor of the Routledge Series on Economic Growth and Development.
Jiayu Zhang is a Research Associate at China's People University after having worked as a Post-Doctoral Research Associate at the SOAS China Institute 2015–2016. She received her PhD in Gender Studies from the Chinese University of Hong Kong in 2013. Her research interests include gender policy and law in China, gender equality ideology, sexuality and human rights in Chinese societies.
Lei Zhang is Assistant Professor of Sociology at the University of Colorado – Colorado Springs. His research interests include quantitative research methods, social networks and social capital, social stratification and mobility, entrepreneurship, and the labor market of China, as well as mental health and subjective well-being. He is currently conducting a counterfactual analysis of how social capital affects entrepreneurship and the performance of Chinese small- and medium-sized enterprises.[Page xxxvi]
Wu Zhang holds a PhD in Government from Cornell University. She is a Professor in the College of Political Science and International Relations at Central China Normal University and serves as a member of the editorial board of Asian Journal of Political Science. She has published articles on popular protest in The China Quarterly, The China Journal, and The Journal of Current Chinese Affairs. She is completing a book manuscript on local governance and peasant protest in China in the age of reform.
Taomo Zhou is Assistant Professor at the History Programme, School of Humanities, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore. She specialises in modern Southeast Asian as well as Chinese history. Taomo received her PhD in History from Cornell University. Her publications have appeared in journals such as The China Quarterly and Indonesia. She is completing a book manuscript on revolutionary diplomacy and diasporic politics between China and Indonesia during the Cold War.
Jiangnan Zhu is Associate Professor of the Department of Politics and Public Administration and Coordinator of Contemporary China Studies of the Faculty of Social Sciences at the University of Hong Kong. She is primarily interested in Chinese political economy, especially the politics of corruption and anticorruption. She has published a series of research in leading journals such as Comparative Political Studies, Governance, Public Administration Review, Journal of Happiness Studies, Journal of Contemporary China, Journal of East Asian Studies, Crime, Law, and Social Changes, and so on.