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Although a minor power today, the Kingdom of Denmark, located on the Jutland Peninsula in northern Europe, was a major player during the Middle Ages. The constant wars against nearby Scandinavian neighbor Sweden and others during the Early Modern era led to a steady erosion of its power position.

Prehistory and the Middle Ages

Archeological finds and written sources suggest that Denmark’s prehistory was violent. Historians Strabo and Tacitus claim that the Cimbri, who participated in the invasion of Italy in 113 bce, came from Jutland. Excavations in 2012 near Århus in Jutland discovered a large deposit of human bones, probably the remains of captives sacrificed to the gods after a battle around year 1 ce. Jutes also took part in the Anglo-Saxon invasion of Britain in ...

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