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The War of 1812 is one of the United States’ least commemorated conflicts. The characteristics that so readily define many of the country’s other wars, most notably a clearly defined victory, were not present in the second British-American conflict (the first being the American Revolutionary War). Fought between 1812 and 1815, the War of 1812 pitted the young American republic against the British Empire and its allies, Tecumseh’s Confederacy, and later, Spain. Although the 1814 Treaty of Ghent formally ended hostilities, resulting in a status quo antebellum, fighting continued until February 1815.

Contributing Factors

The War of 1812 was the result of a myriad of contingent factors—some longstanding, such as holdovers from the U.S. War of Independence and others from contemporary geopolitics, like the Napoleonic Wars. ...

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