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Personality Disorders: Treatment

Personality disorders (PDs) are generally characterized by enduring patterns of impairment that manifest across situations and within multiple domains of psychological functioning, including disturbances in cognition (e.g., perceptual abnormalities, distortions in perceptions of self and other people), emotion (e.g., intense emotional reactivity), and interpersonal behavior (e.g., highly conflicted relationships with others, social isolation), and difficulties with impulse control (e.g., repeated engagement in risky behavior or criminal activity). The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), includes 10 PD categories, which have been organized on the basis of common features: the “odd, eccentric” PDs (schizotypal, schizoid, and paranoid), the “dramatic, erratic, and emotional” PDs (histrionic, narcissistic, borderline, and antisocial), and the “anxious or fearful” PDs (avoidant, dependent, and obsessive-compulsive). PDs are considered to ...

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