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Contextual Effects
Contextual effects
Robert W.Eder

In comparison with biographical inquiries, aptitude tests, and performance simulations, the employment interview is usually conducted under conditions that can best be called variable. Even experienced, well-trained interviewers operate under a variety of situational constraints, some of which are a function of organizational requirements (e.g., level of assigned decision-making responsibility) and some of which are directly perceived by the interviewer (e.g., risk in making false positive decisions). Yet little is known about how the interview context affects interviewer judgment.

Prior to 1985, reviews of the employment interview literature concluded that the likely cause of faulty interview judgment rests largely within the individual interviewer (see Arvey & Campion, 1982; Hakel, 1982; Hunter & Hunter, 1984; Reilly & Chao, 1982; Schmitt, 1976). Each of ...

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