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Stephan J. Motowidlo

In: The Employment Interview Handbook

Chapter 10: Asking about past Behavior versus Hypothetical Behavior

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Asking about past Behavior versus Hypothetical Behavior
Asking about past behavior versus hypothetical behavior
Stephan J.Motowidlo

Results of many studies confirm that structured interviews are usefully valid. In a meta-analysis, Wiesner and Cronshaw (1988) found mean, uncorrected validity estimates of .35 for structured, individual interviews, based on 32 coefficients and 7, 873 cases. In another meta-analysis, McDaniel, Whetzel, Schmidt, and Maurer (1994) found mean, uncorrected validity estimates of .25 for structured, individual interviews, based on 61 coefficients and 8, 944 cases. And, of course, validity estimates can be much higher when adjusted for estimates of reliability and range restriction.

Although the validity of structured interviews in general is empirically well established, the reasons such interviews are valid are not fully understood. One possibility is that structured interviews are ...

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