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Education and Religious Diversity
The role of religion in education has long been a contentious issue and one that has been of increasing interest to sociologists of religion since the turn of the 21st century. Scholarship on religion and education well predates the events of September 11, 2001, in New York City and the 2005 London bombings, but these incidents led [Page 242]state, European Union, and United Nations actors to take more interest in how education could play a role in mitigating radicalisation and also in countering/preventing violent extremism (C/PVE). In addition, and due to the processes of globalisation, nations are becoming more culturally and religiously diverse, which has resulted in calls for more education about diverse religions and religious literacy programmes in schools.
At the same time, growing secularism ...