Religious Leadership: A Reference Handbook


Edited by: Sharon Henderson Callahan

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    Editorial Board


    Sharon Henderson Callahan Seattle University

    Editorial Board

    Anson Laytner American Jewish Committee

    Jeanette Rodriguez Seattle University

    Kyle J. A. Small Western Theological Seminary

    Raza Ul-Mustafa Seattle University


    When the editors at SAGE Publications approached me in 2006 to describe a new leadership handbook series they hoped to develop and to ask if I might be interested in serving as a series consulting editor, I was intrigued. From the viewpoint of a librarian who has worked with the Jepson School of Leadership Studies at the University of Richmond, I was familiar firsthand with the needs of both faculty researchers and undergraduate students and topics of interest and relevance. From this perspective, I collaborated with SAGE to develop a list that, over the intervening years, has evolved into a series of two-volume reference handbooks on political and civic leadership, gender and women’s leadership, leadership in nonprofit organizations, leadership in science and technology, environmental leadership, and now, religious leadership.

    It is my hope that students, faculty, researchers, and reference librarians will benefit from this series by discovering the many varied ways that leadership permeates a wide variety of disciplines and interdisciplinary topics. SAGE’s Encyclopedia of Leadership (2004) has been an outstanding reference tool in recent years to assist students with understanding some of the major theories and developments within leadership studies. As one of the newest interdisciplinary fields in academia in the past 20 years, leadership studies has drawn on many established resources in the social sciences, humanities, and organizational management. However, academic resources that are wholly dedicated and developed to focus on leadership as an academic study have been few and far between. The SAGE Reference Series on Leadership will provide an excellent starting place for the student who wants a thorough understanding of primary leadership topics within a particular discipline. The chapters in each of the handbooks will introduce them to key concepts, controversies, history, and so forth, as well as helping them become familiar with the best-known scholars and authors in this emerging field of study. Not only will the handbooks be helpful in leadership

    studies schools and programs, they will also assist students in numerous disciplines and other interdisciplinary studies programs. The sources will also be useful for leaders and researchers in nonprofit and business organizations.

    I would like to acknowledge Jim Brace-Thompson, senior editor, and Rolf Janke, vice president and publisher at SAGE Reference for their guidance, superb organization, and enthusiasm throughout the handbook creation process. I admire both of them for their intellectual curiosity and their willingness to create new reference tools for leadership studies. I would also like to acknowledge the faculty, staff, and students of the Jepson School of Leadership Studies for the many contributions they have made to the establishment of leadership studies as an academic field. Founded in 1992, the Jepson School of Leadership Studies is the only institution of its kind in the world, with a full-time, multidisciplinary faculty dedicated to pursuing new insights into the complexities and challenges of leadership and to teaching the subject to undergraduates. When I was assigned to serve as the liaison librarian to the new school in 1992, I had no idea of how much I would learn about leadership studies. Over the past 18 years, I have audited courses in the school, attended numerous Jepson Forums and speaker series, taught library and information research skills to Jepson students, assisted faculty and staff with various research questions, and engaged in enlightening conversations with both faculty and students. Through these many experiences, my knowledge and understanding of the field has grown tremendously, and it has been a unique experience to observe the development of a new field of study in a very brief time. I thank my Jepson colleagues for including me on the journey.

    Lucretia McCulley, Consulting Editor Director, Outreach Services Liaison Librarian for Leadership Studies Boatwright Memorial Library University of Richmond, Richmond, VA


    Sharon HendersonCallahan

    Over one hundred 7-year-old children dressed in white dresses with veils or dark suits with ties clamored for individual attention. Women, scattering among them, attempting to organize them in lines, shouted for attention with no success. Individual parents attempted to grab my attention for a last minute conversation. In a burst of dominant leadership, I grabbed the microphone and began to bark orders with authority. Immediately chaos submitted to order and the First Communion procession began its journey to the church. After the ceremony, many thanked me for my fine leadership. While I’m sure they intended the gratitude to cover the entire collaborative process, I’ve often reflected on the moment of individual dominant authority that I claimed and they followed.

    As a laywoman leader of the Roman Catholic Church in the United States context, I simply claim my authority as a follower of Jesus. For me, this is religious leadership. It’s that simple. One demonstrates willingness to recognize the power and authority that allows one to help others find their way in a particular setting. Leadership and follower-ship go together. One cannot exist without the other. As a leader, I also follow. The contexts change. The roles change. The two seem united by trust and relationship toward common vision.

    In my opening scenario, so many levels of leadership impacted the final event that they wait for discovery. Parents, as leaders of their family, wanted their children to be fully initiated into the life of faith they enjoyed. They participated in preparing their children through years of modeling faith behaviors and initiating them into a group of believers the parents also joined. They followed the leadership of catechists and directors because they trusted us to collaborate in the preparation of their children and to organize a service that would be appropriate to the occasion. Their trust was rewarded. The other catechists taught a series of classes during which they offered their own faith witness and knowledge to both parents and children over the time of a year’s instruction. The church itself set standards of participation and instruction providing leadership to larger bodies including the entire U.S. context. The pastor offered leadership in choosing a director of the program for initiating young folks and then presided at the liturgy which actually offered the children their first communion experience.

    These levels of leadership intersect and connect in other aspects of people’s lives. In the opening case, some of the parents may have served some of the children as teachers in their respective schools or leaders of social services some may have relied on for help, while others may have offered to organize. Some may have served as leaders in the political arena of the local community and others may have impacted other aspects of our lives together—social justice outreach, community gatherings, prayer, bible study, and work for the common good. Thus, leadership—especially religious leadership—is complex, connective, cross-discipline, and cross-cultural.

    Experiences such as the one described led me to teach at Seattle University’s School of Theology and Ministry. From a local parish context, to a university context, to a more expansive Christian religious context, to an interreligious context, this life with leadership has led me to multiple places in the world as well as multiple cultural expressions of human longing for relationship with something beyond themselves.

    These experiences informed me, as I pondered SAGE’s invitation to edit a two-volume handbook of religious leadership. The people who agreed to join me in this venture are the result of extended relationships throughout the religious terrain. Work with the publisher and the editorial board (named elsewhere in this volume) eventually helped formulate the structure of the volumes you find here. We thought first of the local churches/congregations/mosques/ temples and the people who led them formally and informally. Naturally, we considered how these leaders had been educated and formed for their leadership responsibilities. We then thought about how many leaders, compelled to act from their spiritual core, tackled major issues in their contemporary lives.

    Together the editorial board brainstormed the various aspects of leadership in multiple contexts. Due to the board’s keen insight and wisdom, you will find that the volumes are arranged so that many aspects of religious leadership have an opportunity to contribute to the overall understanding of what “religious leadership” means. In other words, we strove to arrange the chapters and sections in such a way that no dominant voice overshadowed another voice. As a board we agreed to engage the dialogue of many voices in relation to this topic and, with the exception of one chapter, to accentuate the positive contributions that religious leaders have made to our global society.

    We intentionally arranged the two volumes so the reader can identify several ways to approach the overall notion of religious leadership. The first volume, for example, begins with a section that outlines the religious leadership context in the United States from a variety of viewpoints. The second section of that volume considers several types of individual leadership styles within the various religious contexts. Thus, in Christian contexts, one can find mainline protestant, evangelical, Roman Catholic ordained, Roman Catholic lay, pentecostal, and historic black church leadership. One can also find chapters on several aspects of Jewish, Muslim, Buddhist, Hindu, and Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints Leadership— specifically as they pertain to the local religious bodies that gather under and with commissioned leaders. Concluding this section a different section, Spotlights, includes shorter chapters that consider either women leaders in a variety of these religious settings or specific individuals who contributed to the religious landscape in the U.S. While necessarily centered in the North American context, specifically United States, the work acknowledges global influences impacting the emergence of religious leadership throughout U.S. culture.

    The second volume sets out the broader areas of religious leadership. Beginning with a consideration of religious predisposition to attend to the common good, the second volume explores specific areas of common concern as well as preparation for becoming a religious leader and concludes with a hint of reform movements that shape religious response and leadership over centuries and toward the future.

    While this first organizational principle seems fairly straightforward, the second organizational principle encourages the reader to find additional information about a specific religious leadership concern within the two volumes. These additional research themes allow the reader to explore multiple aspects of one type of religious leadership.

    For example, African Americans can typically be associated with traditionally black churches, yet they also have led the Nation of Islam in the United States. Carrying African retentions through slavery, emancipation, Jim Crow South, and universal racism, African American leaders have typically relied on deep spirituality to lobby for justice and to create significant social movements. The reader can follow this movement through the multiple African American specific chapters related to the U.S. context, Islam in the United States, women African American religious leadership, as well as spotlight examples of African American leaders such as Martin Luther King Jr., Elijah Muhammad, and Howard Thurman.

    Similarly, Jews in the United States immigrated from multiple countries, each shaping the cultural memory of its U.S. progeny. Thus, the multiple Jewish expressions deal with contemporary U.S. culture, as well as specific cultural and ethnic heritages, the oppression of the Holocaust, and the establishment of the Jewish state in Israel. The reader can find chapters that describe the overall U.S. context, relate to specific leadership skills needed in congregational settings, find work on the biblical foundation supporting leadership styles and responsibilities, and explore some of the contributions to the common good offered by Jewish organizations. People can also find spotlight chapters on women leaders, orthodox rabbis, and specific leaders such as Rabbi A.J. Heschel or Rabbi Stephen Wise.

    Likewise Muslims follow two main branches of Islam— Sunni and Shia. Yet the relatively contemporary immigration of Islam as a religion into the U.S. context impacts second and third generation Muslims in ways not experienced in home countries. Thus, the U.S. context chapter outlines the major immigration stories and leading figures, while chapters on Islam leadership in congregations focus on the Qur’anic underpinnings of leadership development and responsibility. Other chapters consider women leaders in an emerging U.S. context as well as Muslim leaders for environmental concerns, the common good, and social justice. These are complemented by a series of chapters related to the particular U.S. African American expression of Islam and by spotlight chapters highlighting contributions of significant persons such as Fethullah Gülen, Elijah Muhammad, and Islamic reformers.

    The Asian contexts contribute many religious traditions that vary from the so-called Abrahamic traditions considered above. Chapters on Hinduism, Buddhism, and Hawaiian native religious traditions invite readers to consider these paths to spiritual depth and wholeness in their original and U.S. contexts, as well as the types of leadership each calls forth.

    As we discussed the realities of so many native and immigrant populations clustered and integrated throughout the North American continent, we determined to consider the increasing awareness of Latino/a populations in the religious landscape of the U.S. Similarly, the indigenous populations of North America have something to teach us all about religious leadership. Their reclamation of their own voice and their careful work to de-colonialize their language helps each of us hear anew the kind of leadership that resided here before many of us arrived. Thus, the reader will find chapters that consider the context and the contributions made by religious communities comprised mostly of indigenous populations.

    Since each chapter offers a taste of the diversity that comprises the U.S. North American religious landscape, each author offered a list of references and further readings that invites readers to pursue the topic with more depth. We believe this constitutes the first time a sort of canon of religious leadership literature has been gathered. Thus, not only will readers find chapters that introduce them to various aspects and contributions of religious leaders, they will find key reading to pursue any avenue of thought in further research.

    In the spirit of excitement and pride, we present this two-volume work that offers a snapshot of religious leadership in the United States in 2013. As you will notice, pastors, imams, rabbis, monks, vowed religious, and lay people emerge as leaders in specific contexts that are more or less formal in their organizational structures. We present a diverse group of scholars and leaders who speak from their location in their tradition, their own study, and their own leadership experiences. We believe we have offered readers the opportunity to understand certain teachings and religious impulses as well as insight on how those leaders impact their communities and the world.

    Throughout the work, you will find examples of collaborative, contemplative, action-based, single-focused, and collaborative leadership. Just as my experience at the final moment of the First Communion celebration illustrated collaboration born out of the trust invested through months of working together toward a final celebration, it also demonstrated the power of a single leader taking charge and moving a group toward its desired end. We hope you will find the kind of variety in leadership we found. We hope you will be inspired to both lead and encourage others in their leadership. We hope you will embrace multiple perspectives so that your religious leadership can impact and be impacted by many constituents for the common good.

    As a final word, I must confess my own determination to ensure a variety of voices. Some folks featured as authors are recognized as the experts in their fields, while others are beginning their journeys of writing and leading. At all times I attempted to match the topic to the author, and on only two occasions did I need to ask someone not represented in the chapter to write the chapter. Otherwise, people assisted us throughout in finding authors who would speak from deep experience as well as academic authority. If the reader finds a particular voice missing, perhaps the person or topic was approached but not available at this time. We leave that to you to discover and judge.

    I cannot conclude this introduction without acknowledging the privilege I had of working with the fine group of scholar-practitioners who agreed to serve as a working editorial board. These diverse folks agreed to collaborate through the entire process and formed a reading group that allowed chapters to be read by multiple readers, thus offering authors the opportunity to benefit from juried reading. In addition, Sarah Bania-Dobyns, PhD, a graduate assistant who helped me with editing and locating resources and authors, worked with me for a year. I am eternally grateful to her for taking some of the burden off all our shoulders. Authors who experienced her help remain grateful for the clarity and accuracy of their chapters. I have read each chapter many times, editing and re-editing. The privilege has been mine, and I am eager to assign many chapters, as I teach transformational and pastoral leadership in the future.

    Sharon Henderson Callahan, Editor

    About the Editor

    Sharon Henderson Callahan is an associate professor of practical theology and leadership at the School of Theology and Ministry, Seattle University. She has served in some capacity as Associate Dean for the institution for twenty years. Elected to the Woman in Leadership team for the Association of Theological Schools at the 2012 biennial, she also serves as President of the Academy of Religious Leadership. She has been on the editorial board of the Journal of Religious Leadership for ten years, and was the third recipient of the Called and Gifted Award bestowed by the Association of Graduate Programs in Ministry (AGPIM).

    She has co-authored and edited a series of eight texts collected in the Scripture and Leadership Training (SALT) curriculum. She has published four major editorial revisions of this collaborative effort, the last completed in 2006. This work is also available in three additional languages: Vietnamese, Spanish, and Chinese. She has overseen both the translation and the cultural adaptation in each of these efforts. Each effort is also the result of a deeply collaborative process she led.

    In addition, she has authored several contributions for the Journal of Religious Leadership, all of which consider the art of competent leadership in a specifically Christian context. More recently, she has contributed articles related to women in religious leadership to the Theological Journal published by the Association of Theological Schools.

    Certified as a multicultural and intercultural consultant and resource, she continues to pursue work in cross-cultural leadership as well as cultural identities and intercultural religious dialogue. Her work at Seattle University necessarily requires increasing ecumenical and interreligious sensibilities.

    Sharon Henderson Callahan grew up in Seattle, Washington and received a BFA from Fort Wright College, an MA from Ball State University in Muncie, Indiana, an MA from Regis University in Denver, Colorado, and an EdD from Seattle University, Seattle, Washington. She has travelled to many parts of the world in pursuit of developing and understanding religious leadership from multiple perspectives. These include formal research and teaching in Kenya, Vietnam, the Philippines, China, Taiwan, Mexico, and Nicaragua. They also include Western European countries, specifically Ireland, Wales, Scotland, Norway, France, Italy, and England. The ongoing research informs her work in intercultural religious exchange, especially as it relates to cultural memory, conflict transformation, interpersonal communication, and cross-cultural, interreligious, and ecumenical leadership.

    About the Contributors

    Quaiser Abdullah earned his EdM in adult and organizational development from Temple University in 1997 and is pursuing a PhD in educational psychology, with a focus on leadership, identity, and conflict resolution. Currently serving as faculty/staff advisor at Temple University, Quaiser works with the Interfaith Center of Greater Philadelphia. He also is currently collaborating with Dr. Tricia Jones to develop a curriculum for Muslim private school students and teachers on conflict resolution in Muslim education. He conducts professional training, development seminars, and presentations aimed at improving the capacity of individuals and organizations to communicate more effectively, develop holistic leadership strategies, and manage conflict productively.

    Ibrahim Salih Abdul-Matin earned a master’s degree in Public Administration at CUNY Baruch in New York City. The author of the environmental bestseller Green Deen: What Islam Teaches About Protecting the Planet. He has worked with Green for All, Green City Force, and Faith Leaders for Environmental Justice, the Prospect Park Alliance. His articles have appeared in The Washington Post,, The Huffington Post, The Daily Beast, GOOD Magazine, ColorLines, Wiretap, and Elan Magazine, and he is a contributor to All-American: 45 American Men On Being Muslim. Green Deen has been featured on The Brian Lehrer Show, The Global Grind, Energy Now, the Center for American Progress, and A former policy advisor in the New York City Mayor’s Office of Long Term Planning & Sustainability, He is the lead sustainability consultant at The Frontier Project.

    Owen Anderson received his PhD in philosophy from Arizona State University in 2006. Dr. Anderson’s research areas include the ethics of belief, world religions and common ground, and the problem of evil. His book Reason and Worldviews examines how thinkers such as Alvin Plantinga, Benjamin Warfield, Abraham Kuyper, and Cornelius Van Til have explained the relationship between reason and religious belief. Dr. Anderson has published articles about religious pluralism, the ethics of belief, natural law, and boredom and meaning. He is a member of the editorial boards of Reviews in Religion and Theology and New Blackfriars, and is a reviewer for Sophia and The Heythrop Journal. His most recent writings focus on the relationship between culpable ignorance and forgiveness, the nature of basic beliefs and their role in achieving certainty, and a study on the dynamics of religious violence.

    Marc D. Angel is Founder and Director of the Institute for Jewish Ideas and Ideals ( and Rabbi Emeritus of Congregation Shearith Israel, the historic Spanish and Portuguese Synagogue of New York City (founded 1654). He earned his BA, MS, PhD, and rabbinic ordination from Yeshiva University. An active leader in the American Orthodox Jewish community, he is past president of the Rabbinical Council of America and co-founder of the International Rabbinic Fellowship. Author and editor of 30 books, he has written extensively on Orthodox Judaism. He is editor of Conversations, the journal of the Institute for Jewish Ideas and Ideals, which is dedicated to fostering an intellectually vibrant, compassionate, and inclusive Orthodox Judaism.

    The Very Rev. Michael Battle, PhD, has been professor at the University of South, Duke University, and Academic Dean at Virginia Theological Seminary. He served as chaplain to the Episcopal House of Bishops and 2008 Anglican Lambeth Conference. Ordained a priest by Archbishop Desmond Tutu, he served as canon theologian and writer rector of the Church of Our Saviour, San Gabriel, in the Diocese of Los Angeles. Currently, he is the president and CEO of the PeaceBattle Institute in Raleigh, North Carolina.

    Mark Lau Branson is the Homer L. Goddard Associate Professor of the Ministry of the Laity at Fuller Theological Seminary in Pasadena, California, where he teaches courses in congregational leadership and community engagement. He has worked as a pastor and with Christian agencies active in education, campus ministry, community development, community organizing, and leadership consulting. He has graduate degrees from Claremont School of Theology and the University of San Francisco. He is the author of Memories, Hopes, and Conversations: Appreciative Inquiry and Congregational Change (Alban, 2004) and co-author with Juan Martínez of Churches, Cultures and Leadership (InterVarsity, 2011).

    Sharon Henderson Callahan, EdD, earned her doctorate in leadership from Seattle University. Associate professor and associate dean for academic programs at the School of Theology and Ministry, Seattle University, she has focused her research on culturally diverse lay and ordained leadership since 1992. She currently serves as president of the Academy of Religious Leadership (ARL) and is an active member and past president of the Association of Graduate Programs in Ministry (AGPIM).

    Simone Campbell, SSS (Sisters of Social Service), has served as the Executive Director of NETWORK since 2004. A religious leader, attorney, and poet with extensive experience in public policy and advocacy for systemic change, she lobbies Washington on issues of peacebuilding, immigration reform, health care, and economic justice.

    Carlos F. Cardoza-Orlandi, PhD, is a Professor of Global Christianities and Mission Studies at Perkins School of Theology, Southern Methodist University. Having earned his doctoral degree at Princeton Theological Seminary, his research interests lie in the interpretations of the movement of the Christian religion, the encounter and interplay between Christians and people of other faiths, and theories and theologies of cross-cultural and interreligious encounters and relationships. Currently, he is working on “return effects” on both sending and hosting Christian communities involved in cross-cultural partnerships and short-term international mission trips.

    The Rev. Laura Mariko Cheifetz is a hapa (multiracial Asian American) yonsei (fourth generation Japanese American) living in Atlanta and working at The Fund for Theological Education as Director of Alumni Relations & Development. Previously, she directed The Common Ground Project working with African American, Asian American, and Latin@ young adults and pastors, and the AADVENT (Asian American Discipleship for Vocational Exploration, Nurture and Transformation) Project at McCormick Theological Seminary. She has an MBA from North Park University and an MDiv from McCormick Theological Seminary, with a BA from Western Washington University. Cheifetz is ordained as a teaching elder in the Presbyterian Church (USA).

    Virginia A. Christel is an ordained Assemblies of God minister. She received a Doctor of Ministry in Pentecostal Leadership from Assemblies of God Theological Seminary. Her research has focused on women in church leadership, especially in the Pentecostal tradition. Her ministry with female students at Valley Forge Christian College includes leadership training, coordinating a mentoring program, and other strategies aimed at developing women for leadership in the church and society.

    Elizabeth Conde-Frazier is vice president of education and dean of Esperanza College of Eastern University. She has a PhD from Boston College in theology and religious education. She has worked in the Latino/a community as a pastor/scholar activist. She was a founding member of the Association of Hispanic Theological Education (AETH). As a practical theologian she has written on the spirituality of the scholar/activist, participatory action research, multi-culturalism, and evangélica theology.

    Tom Cordaro is the Justice and Outreach Minister at St. Margaret Mary Catholic Church in Naperville, Illinois. He holds a master’s degree in pastoral ministry from St. Thomas University in Miami, Florida. Mr. Cordaro has served as chairperson of the Pax Christi USA National Council and was named an Ambassador of Peace in 2002. He also served as co-chairperson of Crossroads Anti-Racism Organizing & Training. In 2008 he was awarded the Pax Joliet Peace award from the Diocese of Joliet. In 2012 Mr. Cordaro was elected to the board of NETWORK, a national Catholic lobby working on issues of economic justice and peace.

    Thomas C. Cornell joined the Catholic Worker movement in 1953. He earned an MS degree in secondary education from the University of Bridgeport in 1962 and taught middle school in Brookfield, Conneticut, for three years before moving into the New York City Catholic Worker community as managing editor of The Catholic Worker newspaper, which post he held until marrying Monica Ribar in July 1964. He co-founded the Catholic Peace Fellowship in 1965, with Jim Forest, and remained a close advisor to Dorothy Day throughout the Vietnam War period. He called the first demonstrations against U.S. participation in the Vietnam July16–25, 1963, in New York City and the first group act of resistance to the Vietnam draft, the public burning of draft cards, November 6, 1963, in Union Square, New York City. Cornell also was a co-founder of Pax Christi USA. Deeply involved in the civil rights movement, first joining NAACP in 1953, he served as marshal in the Selma to Montgomery (Alabama) March in 1965 for Martin Luther King. Currently he serves as co-manager of the Catholic Worker Farm in Marlboro, New York, with his wife, Monica Ribar Cornell, and as adjunct professor of Catholic Social Teaching at St. Joseph Seminary of the Archdiocese of New York. The Jesuit Faculty at Fairfield University granted him an honorary DLH degree in 1990.

    Faustino M. Cruz, SM, teaches practical theology and leadership at Seattle University, School of Theology and Ministry. He earned an interdisciplinary PhD in Theology and Education from Boston College. He joined the Society of Mary (SM-Marists) in 1982, and was ordained a Catholic priest in 1988. Born and raised in the Philippines, his academic, research, and pastoral commitments are deeply rooted in U.S. immigrant life. He served as coordinator and consultant for ethnic ministries for the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops, executive vice president and academic dean of the Franciscan School of Theology at the Graduate Theological Union in Berkeley, California, and pastoral leader of various inner-city immigrant congregations. His published works are in the area of religion, intercultural education, immigration, and leadership.

    Reverence Jo Ann Deasy was ordained by the Evangelical Covenant Church in June 2000 and has been serving as the pastor of Sojourner Covenant Church in Evanston, IL since March 2010. She received her PhD in Congregational Studies from Garrett Evangelical Theological Seminary in May 2010 with a focus on congregational leadership, practical theology, and women in the church. Her research has focused on both the historical aspects of clergywomen in her denomination as well as the intersection of theology and sociology in the lives of young evangelical women. Prior to serving as a solo pastor, Rev. Dr. Deasy served for many years as the Dean of Students at North Park Theological Seminary.

    Nancy Anne Marie Delich, a doctoral student in educational leadership at Seattle University, expects to earn her EdD by June 2013. Licensed as a clinical social worker in two states, she holds a master’s degree in social work from San Diego State University and a master’s degree in transforming spirituality with a focus on spiritual direction from Seattle University.

    Marie Dennis is co-president of Pax Christi International, the global Catholic peace movement, and a Pax Christi USA Ambassador of Peace. From 1997–2012, working for Maryknoll as director of the Maryknoll Office for Global Concerns, she was charged with bringing the global experience of Maryknoll missioners into the process of shaping public opinion in the United States and policies of the U.S. and other governments, the United Nations, and international financial institutions.Dennis holds a master’s degree in moral theology from Washington Theological Union, and an honorary doctorate from Alvernia University. Recognized as a leader among Catholics committed to peace, social justice, and ecological integrity, she has lectured at many universities and conferences over the past 35 years on topics ranging from Catholic social teaching to U.S. foreign policy, the global economy to global warming, and migration to the nuclear arms race. She has prepared and participated in panels and workshops at the United Nations and the U.S. Congress. She is author or co-author of seven books.

    Elise Anne DeVido is the Executive Director of the Clarke Program in East Asian Law and Culture at Cornell University. She holds a PhD in history and East Asian languages from Harvard University and has published works on women and gender in Chinese Buddhism, on the transnational Buddhist revivals of the early 20th century, and on modern Vietnamese Buddhism. She participated in three retreats led by Thich Nhat Hanh: two in Vietnam and one in Hong Kong.

    David E. Eagle is a PhD candidate in the Department of Sociology at Duke University. He holds a Master of Theology from Duke Divinity School and a Master of Divinity from Fresno Pacific Seminary. His work explores the social organization of religion in both the United States and Canada, especially the relationship between socioeconomic status and megachurch attendance, changing church attendance rates in Canada, and the relationship between religiosity and immigration in the United States.

    Barbara Williams Eckert is the Managing Consultant for Catholic Leadership Institute based in Philadelphia. She develops and leads consulting services for Roman Catholic bishops and priests with an emphasis on building leadership teams, diocesan visioning, and priority planning. As the first full-time trainer and subsequent Master Trainer for Good Leaders, Good Shepherds, CLI’s signature 2-year leadership course, she led priests in interpersonal, team, and organizational skill-building fostering excellence in pastoral governing. She has worked with over one thousand priests from over 40 arch/dioceses. She holds a master’s in Pastoral Studies from Seattle University.

    Noel Leo Erskine is Professor of Theology and Ethics at Candler School of Theology and the Laney Graduate School of Arts and Sciences at Emory University. A native of Jamaica, he holds the Diploma in Theology from the University of London, a Master of Theology from Duke University, and a PhD in systematic theology from Union Theological Seminary in New York. He is author/editor of eleven books, among them King Among the Theologians. Dr. Erskine team taught a course on the theology of Martin Luther King Jr. for several semesters with Coretta Scott King at Emory University and is active in the Society for the Study of Black Religion in which he served as secretary.

    Fatimah Fanusie is an independent U.S. historian who focuses upon the development of Islam in America. She earned her PhD in American History from Howard University in 2008, and her publications focus on the use of syncretism as a tool to introduce normative Islam to unlettered populations. A student of history, she is currently working on a manuscript based upon her doctoral research, “Fard Muhammad in Historical Context: An Islamic Thread in the American Religious and Cultural Quilt.”

    Walter Earl Fluker is the Martin Luther King Jr. Professor of Ethical Leadership at the Boston University School of Theology, and the editor of the Howard Thurman Papers Project. He earned his PhD at Boston University. Before coming to Boston University, he was founding executive director of the Leadership Center and the Coca-Cola Professor of Leadership Studies at Morehouse College. His prior academic experience includes professorial and administrative positions at Vanderbilt University, Harvard College, Dillard University, and Colgate-Rochester Divinity School; and he has served as visiting professor and scholar at Harvard University, The University of Cape Town in South Africa, Columbia Theological Seminary, and Princeton Theological Seminary. Dr. Fluker’s recent publications include two volumes of a multivolume series entitled The Papers of Howard Washington Thurman: Volume I, My People Need Me and Volume II, “Christian, Who Calls Me Christian?” (University of South Carolina Press, 2009, 2012).

    Ted Fortier is an associate professor of anthropology at Seattle University. He received his PhD from Washington State University (Religion and Resistance in the Encounter between Coeur d’Alene Indians and Jesuit Missionaries). His research focuses on Native American religions and spiritual traditions. He has done fieldwork from Alaska to South America.

    Deborah M. Gill serves as Professor of Biblical Studies and Exposition, Assemblies of God Theological Seminary. She holds a PhD in biblical studies (Old and New Testaments) from Fuller Theological Seminary. As a female Pentecostal minister herself, Deborah has served in pastoral ministry, higher education, denominational leadership, and research. Some of her related publications include “The Female Prophets: Gender and Leadership in the Biblical Tradition” (1991 dissertation), God’s Women— Then and Now (co-authored with Barbara Cavaness), and “The Pastorals: First and Second Timothy and Titus” in the Life in the Spirit New Testament Commentary.

    Bill Grace is a social justice activist, a traveling teacher, and an architect of ideas. From 1976–1991 Bill served in higher education promoting ideas related to moral and civic responsibility, service learning, and global citizenship. In 1991 Bill founded the Center for Ethical Leadership, a nonprofit organization dedicated to promoting the common good through ethical leadership, civic responsibility, and collaborative problem solving. Bill currently directs Common Good Works, and his recent book Sharing the Rock is being used as a springboard for a national movement called Compact for the Common Good.

    Rabbi Susan Grossman was a member of the first class of women accepted in the rabbinical school at Jewish Theological Seminary and the first woman to lead her own congregation in both Westchester, New York and Howard County, Maryland. She has written many articles on the role of women in Judaism and co-edited with Orthodox activist Rivka Haut, the anthology Daughters of the King: Women and the Synagogue, published by Jewish Publication Society. Her responsum (rabbinic decision) for the Committee for Jewish Law and Standards on women serving as witnesses and judges in Jewish law, the use of mikveh, and the permissibility of “Partial Birth Abortion” were accepted as official positions of the Conservative Movement. Before entering the rabbinate, she directed Holocaust programming for the National Jewish Resource Center (now CLAL) under Rabbi Yitz Greenberg and worked for many years as a journalist and editor. Rabbi Susan Grossman is perhaps best known for her work as one of the editors of the Conservative Movement Humash, Etz Hayim and Torah Commentary. She has a doctorate in Ancient Judaism from Jewish Theological Seminary and has served as spiritual leader of Beth Shalom Congregation in Columbia, Maryland since 1997, where she currently lives with her husband David Boder and their son Yoni.

    Gretchen Gundrum, PhD, adjunct professor at the School of Theology and Ministry at Seattle University, holds a doctorate in clinical psychology from the Pacifica Graduate Institute, and teaches courses that intersect the disciplines of psychology and spirituality. Her interest in Karen Armstrong’s work began during a literature search for her own dissertation, and it has remained strong ever since. In addition to teaching graduate students, Dr. Gundrum is a licensed psychologist and a spiritual director in private practice.

    Frederica Helmiere is an instructor in the Program on the Environment at the University of Washington, a naturalist guide in Cascadia, and one of the first graduates of Yale University’s Joint Degree in Religion & Ecology.

    John Hilton III is Assistant Professor of Religious Education at Brigham Young University. He is the author of six books dealing with the LDS faith, as well as several articles on various facets of the learning process.

    Mary Dana Hinton is the vice president for Planning and Assessment at Mount Saint Mary College in Newburgh, New York. She serves on the Board of Directors of the Religious Education Association and the Association of General and Liberal Studies and is the former president of the Mid-Atlantic Region of the American Academy of Religion. She is a Trustee at Luzerne County Community College. Dr. Hinton actively publishes her research on the historic black church and frequently provides national presentations about assessment, strategic planning, and diversity. Dr. Hinton earned a PhD in religion and religious education from Fordham University.

    Janna Hunter-Bowman is earning her PhD in peace studies and theology through the Joan B. Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies and theology department at the University of Notre Dame. In her dissertation studies, she plans to assess the value of the human rights framework for conflict transformation efforts in victimized communities and explore complementary modes of communication. During her eight years in Colombia, South America with Mennonite Central Committee, she developed and directed a national program monitoring political violence and peacebuilding. She also led and translated for fact-finding missions, organized transnational human rights campaigns, authored in-depth investigative reports on the effects of U.S. policy, and published numerous book chapters and popular journal articles.

    Altaf Husain serves as an assistant professor in the School of Social Work at Howard University where he also earned his PhD. He specializes in the history and development of immigrant Muslim families and institutions in the United States. He has been serving in leadership capacities and speaking and writing about leadership for over two decades. His current leadership positions include serving as a board member and chair of the Leadership Development Committee of the Islamic Society of North America (ISNA) and as a former vice president and current member of the board of advisers of the Peaceful Families Project (PFP), an organization dedicated to the prevention of domestic violence.

    Marti R. Jewell is an assistant professor of theology in the University of Dallas, School of Ministry. She earned her Doctor of Ministry from Catholic University. She directed the Emerging Models of Pastoral Leadership Project, a joint effort of the National Association for Lay Ministry and five other national ministerial associations. The Project, funded by the Lily Endowment, Inc., consisted of a series of national research initiatives tasked with discovering excellence in Catholic pastoral leadership. The findings of the project are published by Loyola Press in the Emerging Models of Pastoral Leadership Series.

    Thomas C. Johnsen, an independent historian, earned a PhD in American religious history from Johns Hopkins University. He is also a Christian Science practitioner.

    Madelyn Mishkin Katz earned an EdD from the University of California, Los Angeles in 2009. Having worked as a synagogue educator and a Reform Jewish day school director, Dr. Katz now serves as the Associate Dean of the Hebrew Union College, Los Angeles campus. Dr. Katz’s doctoral dissertation, Defining Leadership for the Reform Rabbinate highlighted the areas in which rabbinic students require further training in leadership. She identified an added emphasis on awareness of self, understanding of organizational development, and recognition of the changing nature of the role of leader for a Reform rabbi.

    Turan Kayaoğlu is an associate professor of international relations at University of Washington, Tacoma where he teaches classes on religion and world politics. He earned his PhD in political science at the University of Washington and is the author of Legal Imperialism: Sovereignty and Extraterritoriality in Japan, the Ottoman Empire, and China (Cambridge University Press, 2010). His current research focuses on religion and politics in international organizations, particularly Islamic politics in the United Nations.

    Sister Diane Kennedy, OP, is a Sinsinawa Dominican whose ministerial history reflects the life of American sisters in the last half of the 20th century. Having earned her doctorate at the Pacific School of Religion, she became the founding director of the Parable Conference for Dominican Life and Mission, an initiative promoting collaboration among Dominican women and men. From 1990 until 2003 Sister Diane served as Vice President and Academic Dean of Aquinas Institute of Theology in St. Louis. As a member of the Association of Theological Seminaries (ATS) she served as the second woman president of ATS from 1996–98. Sister Kennedy has also served as a leader on several boards and committees related to theological education and preparation for leadership. At present Sister Kennedy continues in academic leadership at Dominican University in River Forest, Illinois, where she served as Associate Provost and now is Vice President for Mission and Ministry. Her research interests have included the integration of theological reflection and ministerial experience as well as the theological and psychological dimensions of male/female collaboration in ministry.

    Muqtedar Khan earned his doctorate in international relations, political philosophy, and Islamic political thought at Georgetown University. A widely read Muslim intellectual, Dr. Khan has been a prominent reformist voice on Islam and democracy, on the role of Ijtihad in contemporary Islamic thought. An associate professor in the Department of Political Science and International Relations at the University of Delaware, he founded the Islamic Studies Program there. Dr. Khan is a Fellow with the Institute for Social Policy and Understanding, was a Senior Nonresident Fellow with the Brookings Institution (2003–2008), and a Fellow of the Alwaleed Center at Georgetown University (2006–2007). He has been the president, vice president, and general secretary of the Association of Muslim Social Scientists. He is the author of several books and articles.

    Shenila Khoja-Moolji is a graduate student at Teachers College, Columbia University, where she studies the intersections of gender, religion, and education. She serves as the senior editor for the seventh volume of the Society for International Education Journal published out of Teachers College. Prior to Columbia, Shenila attended the Divinity School at Harvard University, where she graduated with a Master of Theological Studies focusing on Islamic studies and gender.

    Mari Kim is Visiting Assistant Professor of Religion at Pacific Lutheran University. As a Korean North American constructive theologian, her work engages the intersection of theology and culture as she teaches on faith, spirituality, and global religious traditions. Earning her doctorate from Emory University, Kim’s work explores desire, ambiguity, and ambivalence in contexts of cultural hybridity, the value of multiplicity, pluralism, and understandings of existential integrity therein. As a child, Kim attended the Toronto Korean United Church with her family. Sang Chul Lee was her first Canadian pastor, family friend, and long-time colleague of her father, Chang-Yull Kim, who assisted in the writing of this chapter.

    Timothy King is the Chief Communications Officer for Sojourners. He is a graduate of North Park University in Chicago with degrees in both theology and philosophy. After graduation, he worked for the Industrial Areas Foundation (IAF) as an organizer on the South Side of Chicago. He ran campaigns around food access, school funding reform, ex-offender issues, and youth homelessness. He developed and implemented organizing curriculums for high school to graduate level classes.He has been a guest on many radio shows and podcasts and has been interviewed for various print and online publications including ABC News, the BBC, , CNN, , and the Daily Beast. He served as the executive producer for the 2012 documentary , a groundbreaking look at poverty in America, from Emmy Award winning writer and director, Linda Midget.

    Stacy D. Kitahata is a sansei (third generation Japanese American) serving as Program Director with the Krista Foundation for Global Citizenship. She is an Associate with the Kaleidoscope Institute for Competent Leadership in a Diverse, Changing World. Previously, as professor of intercultural studies at Trinity Lutheran College, she also directed the Center for Community Engagement & Service Learning. For more than 20 years with the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America, Kitahata worked with congregations and judicatories on leadership development, multicultural ministry and outreach, served as professor and Dean of the Community at the Lutheran School of Theology at Chicago, and in Global Education with the Division for Global Mission. She has degrees from UCLA and McCormick Theological Seminary.

    Jeffry Odell Korgen is the author of several books on Catholic social action, including Solidarity Will Transform the World: Stories of Hope from Catholic Relief Services. He currently works for the Roman Catholic Diocese of Metuchen, New Jersey, as executive director of the Department of Diocesan Planning.

    The Rev. Eric H. F. Law is the founder and executive director of the Kaleidoscope Institute for Competent Leadership in a Diverse, Changing World. He has been a consultant and trainer for building inclusive community since 1990 working with religious, healthcare, educational, and civic organizations in the United States, Canada, Australia, and Europe. He is the author of 6 books on building inclusive multicultural community and community transformation. In 2012, he received an honorary Doctor of Divinity from the Virginia Theological Seminary. He is an Episcopal priest, a composer of church music, a photographer, and a playwright.

    Rabbi Anson Laytner, a graduate of Hebrew Union College, is associated with the Seattle University’s School of Theology and Ministry and has also served as adjunct faculty with the University’s Department of Theology and Religious Studies. He is the author of Arguing With God (Jason Aronson), The Animals’ Lawsuit Against Humanity (Fons Vitae), numerous articles on subjects ranging from Jewish theology to the Jews of China to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, and is currently at work on a book on theodicy, prayer, and providence entitled Letting Go of God. He is a member of the editorial board for these volumes. He has been active in interreligious affairs both professionally and as a volunteer for over 30 years.

    John Paul Lederach is Professor of Practice for International Peacebuilding with the Joan B. Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies at the University of Notre Dame and Distinguished Scholar at Eastern Mennonite University. He works as a practitioner-scholar, providing facilitation, mediation and training/education, with extensive experience at national and community levels in North and Latin America, Africa, and Southeast and Central Asia. Widely known for the development of culturally appropriate approaches to conflict transformation and the design and implementation of strategic approaches to peacebuilding, his approach has focused on innovations for building constructive change in settings experiencing extensive violence and deep-rooted conflict. He is the author of 20 books and manuals, including Building Peace: Sustainable Reconciliation in Divided Societies (US Institute of Peace Press).

    Valerie Lesniak is Associate Professor of Spirituality at Seattle University’s School of Theology and Ministry in Seattle, Washington. She earned her doctoral degree from the Graduate Theological Union in Berkeley, California in Christian Spirituality. She teaches a wide variety of courses in spirituality, including Mysticism and Transformation, Spirituality of Thomas Merton, Contemporary Expressions in Spirituality, History of Christian Spirituality, Spiritual Discernment, and Spiritual Practices: East and West.

    Celene Ayat Lizzio serves as a research affiliate at Harvard University’s Islam and the West Program and as a lecturer on the faculty of the Department of Religious and Theological Studies at Merrimack College. Her publications include articles on women’s religious leadership, Muslim family law, women in Sufi organizations, and the development of Islamic feminism as a critical discourse in the academy. She is a graduate of the Master of Divinity program at Harvard University.

    Christie Lynk teaches at The Seattle School of Theology and Psychology and Seattle University. She graduated from Seattle University with an MA in Existential, Phenomenological, Therapeutic Psychology. She is also a co-facilitator for the Powers of Leadership cycle at the Whidbey Institute. For over twenty years, she has offered training and consultation to organizations and individuals through the exploration of vocation and group facilitation. Her writing and speaking explores the realms of restoration in community, adaptive leadership, the new commons, and contemplative and sacred spaces.

    Derek F. Maher received his MA and PhD from the University of Virginia in the History of Religions, with an emphasis on Indo-Tibetan Buddhism. His research focuses on the interplay between religion, authority, and legitimacy. In particular, he studies how religious narratives influence other forms of discourse, particularly political, historical, scientific, and biographical accounts. He has published numerous texts and articles related to Tibetan Buddhism and aspects of the Dalai Lama lineage. At East Carolina University, Maher is the Director of the Religious Studies Program. He teaches courses on Buddhism, Hinduism, Tibetan religion and culture, and religion and violence.

    Zach Mann is a doctoral candidate in modern Jewish studies at the Jewish Theological Seminary in New York. His forthcoming dissertation is titled The Rabbi as Public Intellectual: Jacob Agus and American Judaism.

    Robert McClory is an associate professor emeritus at Northwestern University where he taught journalism for 25 years. He received the Excellence in Teaching Award from the Northwestern University Alumni Association, and was enrolled in the Medill Hall of Excellence. McClory began his journalism career with the Chicago Defender in 1971 and has since been a staff writer for the Chicago Reader and the National Catholic Reporter and contributor to many publications including Chicago Magazine, the Chicago Tribune, and US Catholic magazine. He is the author of seven books, and As It Was in the Beginning: The Coming Democratization of the Catholic Church won the history category of the 2007 awards by the Catholic Press Association.

    Aminah Beverly McCloud is the director of the Islamic World Studies Program and professor of Islamic Studies in the Department of Religious Studies at DePaul University. She earned a PhD in Islamic studies from Temple University in 1993. Since 2006 she has directed the nation’s only undergraduate baccalaureate program in Islamic World Studies. During her tenure at DePaul University, she founded the Islam in America Conference and established the Islam in America Archives and the Journal of Islamic Law and Culture, of which she is the current Editor in Chief. She is author of several books including African American Islam, and she has authored over twenty-five articles on topics ranging from Islamic Law to African American Muslim women.

    Ruth Messinger is the president of American Jewish World Service. She assumed this role following a 20-year career in public service in New York City, where she served for 12 years on the New York City Council and eight years as Manhattan Borough President. She was the first woman to secure the Democratic Party’s nomination for Mayor of New York City in 1997. Fiercely committed to human rights and global justice, Messinger has served on the Obama administration’s Task Force on Global Poverty and Development.

    Robert L. Millet is Abraham O. Smoot University Professor and Professor of Religious Education at Brigham Young University. He earned his PhD in biblical studies and theology from Florida State University. The author of over sixty books and 170 articles and book chapters, Dr. Millet deals mostly with the history and doctrine of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and its relation to other faiths.

    Cynthia Moe-Lobeda is Wismer Professor of Gender and Diversity Studies at Seattle University and is on the faculty of its Department of Theology and Religious Studies, School of Theology and Ministry, and Environmental Studies Program. She earned her PhD at Union Theological Seminary in New York. She has authored several books and many articles and chapters on topics related to ethics, religion, and the environment.

    Eleanor Moody-Shepherd, EdD, is Vice President for Academic Affairs and Academic Dean at New York Theological Seminary. She holds a professorship of Women’s Studies, the focus of her research and advocacy since 1988, and has led the school in becoming one of the most diverse theological schools in North America. She serves on the Association for Theological Schools in North America Committee on Women in Leadership.

    Donnie Moreland is an independent scholar, a columnist for The Examiner, and registered debate judge for the Texas Forensics Association (TFA) and the National Forensics League (NFL). He also serves as program coordinator for the debate team at Prairie View A&M University.

    Jordan Namerow is the director of Speechwriting and Strategic Content of American Jewish World Service. She was the 2005–2006 Roslyn Wolf Fellow of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC) in Warsaw, Poland and is an alumna of AJWS’s Volunteer Corps in Uganda. A graduate of Wellesley College, she holds a master’s in Strategic Communications from Columbia University.

    Ava K. Oleson is Program Coordinator and Adjunct Professor, Assemblies of God Theological Seminary. Having earned her Doctor of Ministry degree at The Assemblies of God Theological Seminary, she is known for her exceptional ability to integrate theology and praxis into her writing and teaching. She has been in full-time ministry and education for 25 years including serving in denominational leadership roles at the local and national level. She has also taught in Southern California, Belgium, Romania, Argentina, and Canada. Dr. Oleson is particularly interested in how female ministers can ensure long term ministry with sustained impact in the 21st century.

    David T. Olson is the Executive Minister of Church Growth and Evangelism for the Evangelical Covenant Church. He is also the director of the American Church Research Project. His book The American Church in Crisis is based on groundbreaking research from a database of over 200,000 churches, showing the problems as well as the potential of the American church. Most of his professional work has focused on starting new churches, research on the American church, leadership assessment, and leadership development.

    Su Yon Pak is the Senior Director and Associate Professor of Integrative and Field-based Education at Union Theological Seminary. She earned her EdD at Teachers College of Columbia University, Union Theological Seminary. In addition to teaching field education, she oversees new initiatives at Union including the Edible Churchyard; Institute for Women, Religions and Globalization; and Congregational Revitalization. Her life and research passion include: food justice, criminal justice, elderly and spirituality, religious women’s leadership, and integrative education pedagogies. Dr. Pak has written several articles, chapters, and is working on a book. Deeply committed to interfaith theological education, Dr. Pak serves on the advisory board of the Center for Pastoral Education at the Jewish Theological Seminary and volunteers at the Bedford Correctional Facility, the only maximum security prison for women in New York State.

    Vincent J. Pastro is the pastor of Holy Spirit Catholic Church in Kent, Washington. He holds a Doctor of Ministry in Preaching from Aquinas Institute of Theology in St. Louis, Missouri, and has ministered for many years in parishes with large Mexican immigrant communities, where he has used Bonhoeffer’s theology contextually in collaborative ministry and popular theological education with base ecclesial communities (CEBs). He is a member of the International Bonhoeffer Society.

    Regina R. Pfeiffer, a Native Hawaiian, teaches in the Religious Studies discipline at Chaminade University of Honolulu. She earned a Doctor of Ministry at Graduate Theological Foundation. As a child, she accompanied her mother, Joan Rossi, to many different heiau and other important Hawaiian sites as part of her mother’s work as a resource person for the State of Hawai’i. In recent years, Pfeiffer has studied Hawaiian religious traditions as well as early Christianity in Hawai’i. She is a contributing writer for two texts, The Role of the American Board in the World and for Great Lives in History: Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders, both of which are scheduled to be published in 2012.

    M. S. Pourfarzaneh is a PhD candidate in the area of Cultural and Historical Studies of Religions at the Graduate Theological Union in Berkeley, California. His work focuses on Islam, Muslims, media, networks, social networking, representation, online communities, social justice, and Islamophobia, with a concentration on Muslim cultural producers in the United States.

    Rev. Dr. Soong-Chan Rah is Milton B. Engebretson Associate Professor of Church Growth and Evangelism at North Park Theological Seminary in Chicago, Illinois. He earned his ThM from Harvard University, his Doctor of Ministry degree from Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary, and is currently in the PhD program at Duke University. The founding pastor of the Cambridge Community Fellowship Church, he has written about the values of racial reconciliation and social justice in the urban context. He is the author of several books and articles related to these topics in the context of church growth and planting.

    Rhea Rahman is a PhD candidate in anthropology at The New School for Social Research in New York, NY. She has worked as a volunteer and researcher with Islamic Relief since 2009. She has worked with the organization in the United States, England, the Netherlands, Niger, Chad, and Mali. She is currently conducting dissertation research with Islamic Relief in Europe and Africa.

    Mark A. Raider is Professor of Modern Jewish History in the Department of History at the University of Cincinnati and a Research Associate in the University’s Center for Studies in Jewish Education and Culture. He is also Visiting Professor of American Jewish History at Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion. Having earned his PhD from Brandeis University, he has written several books including The Emergence of American Zionism (1998). He teaches courses on American history, the American Jewish experience, modern Jewish history, and Zionism and Israel.

    Tom Roberts is Editor-at-Large, National Catholic Reporter, a weekly newspaper reporting on issues related to the Roman Catholic Church. He is also the author of TheEmerging Catholic Church: A Community’s Search for Itself (Orbis, 2011).

    Anthony B. Robinson is President of Congregational Leadership Northwest and a Senior Consultant with the Center for Progressive Renewal. Author of eleven books, he also contributes frequently to The Christian Century, Congregations, and other magazines and journals. Ordained in the United Church of Christ, he has served as pastor of four congregations and taught at a number of seminaries.

    Jeanette Rodriguez is a professor in the Department of Theology and Religious Studies, Seattle University. She is also an adjunct graduate faculty member in the School of Theology and Ministry at Seattle University. Rodriguez holds a PhD in Religion and the Personality Sciences from the Graduate Theological Union, Berkeley, California. Dr. Rodriguez is the author of several books and articles concentrated in the areas of U.S. Hispanic theology; theologies of liberation for the Latin-American, feminist, African-American and Asian American communities; peace and justice education; and genocide studies.

    Joanne Rodríguez is an ordained minister in the Presbyterian Church USA, and the Director of the Hispanic Theological Initiative and the Hispanic Theological Initiative Consortium at Princeton Theological Seminary (PTS). She holds a ThM in homiletics from Princeton Theological Seminary. The HTI/HTIC is a consortium of twenty-one PhD granting institutions whose purpose is the academic and professional development of Hispanic intellectual leaders as faculty in the academy, and as role models to inspire Hispanic students to aspire and achieve success to the full extent of their abilities. She writes and lectures throughout the nation regarding the educational development of Hispanic students in PhD studies.

    Jeffrey Ian Ross is a professor in the School of Criminal Justice, College of Public Affairs, and a Research Fellow of the Center for International and Comparative Law at the University of Baltimore. He earned his PhD from the University of Colorado. He has researched, written, and lectured primarily on corrections, policing, political crime (esp., terrorism and state crime), violence (esp., criminal, political, and religious), crime and justice in American Indian communities, and global crime and criminal justice for over two decades. Ross’s work has appeared in many academic journals and books, as well as popular media. He is the author, co-author, editor, or co-editor of seventeen books including Religion and Violence: An Encyclopedia of Faith and Conflict from Antiquity to the Present (M.E. Sharpe, 2011).

    Alan J. Roxburgh is the president of The Missional Network, a team of practitioners and academics committed to partnering with and calling forth missional churches and forming mission-shaped leaders. Having served as a local church pastor and seminar professor, he is an author, conference speaker, and consultant to church and denominational systems around the world. He continues to teach in seminaries in many parts of the world. He has written many books and articles on the topic of missional church and leadership.

    Michael D. Royster is a faculty member at Prairie View A&M University in the Division of Social Work, Behavior and Political Sciences. He earned his Master of Divinity degree from Southern Methodist University and is engaged in postgraduate studies at Texas A&M University. In addition to authoring some publications and other teaching positions, he is an itinerant ordained Elder and Pastor in the African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church.

    Louay M. Safi is the director of the Center of Governance and Public Policy, Senior Fellow, Georgetown University, and professor of political science at University of Hamid Ben Khalifa, Doha, Qatar. Having earned his PhD at Wayne State University, he writes and lectures on democracy, human rights, leadership, and Islam and the West. He is the author of twelve books and numerous papers, including The Tensions and Transitions in the Muslim Word (University Press of America, 2003) and the Qur’anic Narrative (Praeger, 2009).

    Deepak Sarma is a professor of religious studies at Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio. He received his PhD from the Divinity School at the University of Chicago. Sarma’s research has focused on the Madhva school of Vedanta, in method and theory in the study of Hinduism, and in the Hindu and Indian diaspora. Sarma is grateful to Peter Haas, Cynthia Humes, and Vasudha Narayanan for conversations concerning this topic.

    Robert Schreiter, CPPS, is a professor of theology at the Catholic Theological Union in Chicago. He earned his Theol. Dr. at the University of Nijmegen with study at Oxford University. He has been involved in peacebuilding and reconciliation work on all six continents, and has written extensively on the subject. He lectures in academic and church circles on inculturation, intercultural communication, reconciliation, religious life, and world mission.

    Sid Schwarz is a senior fellow at CLAL: The National Jewish Center for Learning and Leadership where he is involved in the training of the next generation of American rabbis across the denominational divide. He is also deeply involved in interfaith work with a particular emphasis on co-existence efforts in the Middle East. Rabbi Schwarz founded and led PANIM: The Institute for Jewish Leadership and Values for 21 years, an organization that inspired young Jews to a life of leadership, political activism, and community service framed by the values of Judaism. He is also the founding rabbi of Adat Shalom Reconstructionist Congregation in Bethesda, Maryland, where he continues to teach and lead services. Dr. Schwarz holds a PhD in Jewish history and is the author of two groundbreaking books—Finding a Spiritual Home: How a New Generation of Jews Can Transform the American Synagogue and Judaism and Justice: The Jewish Passion to Repair the World. He has been named by Newsweek one of the 50 most influential rabbis in North America. His new book, Jewish Megatrends: Charting the Course of the American Jewish Future will be published by Jewish Lights in 2013.

    Kyle J.A. Small is Associate Professor of Church Leadership and Associate Dean at Western Theological Seminary in Holland, Michigan. He also serves as co-pastor with his wife, Lindsay, at Harbert Community Church in Sawyer, Michigan. He completed his PhD at Luther Seminary (St. Paul, Minnesota). His research interests include the theology of organizations and the pastoral/leadership practices of young pastors in North America. He is an ordained pastor in the Evangelical Covenant Church.

    Jane I. Smith is recently retired as Associate Dean for Faculty and Academic Affairs and Senior Lecturer in Islamic Studies at Harvard Divinity School. With a PhD from Harvard University, she teaches and writes in the areas of Islam in America, Christian-Muslim relations, and women in Islam.

    Brian M. Smollett holds advanced degrees from Binghamton University, the Jewish Theological Seminary of America, and the Graduate Center of the City University of New York, where he is a doctoral candidate in history. He currently teaches Jewish and European history at Hunter College, CUNY.

    Stephen V. Sprinkle is Associate Professor of Practical Theology, and Director of Field Education and Supervised Ministry at Brite Divinity School, Fort Worth, Texas, where he has served since 1994. A Baptist minister, and the first openly gay scholar in the school’s history, he publishes in LGBTQ studies, hermeneutics, and practical theology. He earned his PhD at Duke University.

    Phramaha Boonshoo Sriburin [Pāī name: Thitapuñño], PhD, joined the monastic life at the age of 14 as a novice or Sãmanera, under the monastic training. He received full ordination as a monk in Thailand, where he carried on his Pāli studies until he completed his Pāli level 6. He completed his PhD in India, focusing his dissertation on the “Relevance of Humanistic Ethics of Buddha in the Present-day World.” Ven. Dr. Chuen Phangcham invited him to the Wat Dhammaram/ Vipassana Meditation Center where present duties in the temple include meditation guidance, doing monastic works, welcoming guests, and assisting with cultural events among people. His contributions to the study of Buddhism include: The Life Of The Buddha According To The Wall Paintings At Wat Dhammaram. (Chicago, Illinois, First Edition Published in 1997 /B.E. 2540).

    Lance J. Sussman is the Senior Rabbi of the Reform Congregation of Keneseth Israel in Pennsylvania. Having been ordained at the Cincinnati Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion, he remained there to finish his PhD in Jewish History. He served Temple concord in Binghamton, New York, and taught at Binghamton University where he was an Associate Professor of History and the former chair of the Judaic Studies department. The author of numerous books, articles and reviews, Dr. Sussman specializes in the field of American Jewish history.

    William Svelmoe is Associate Professor of History at Saint Mary’s College. He received his PhD from the University of Notre Dame. Svelmoe publishes on the history of evangelical missions and has also researched and delivered papers on fundamentalism, Pentecostalism, and Catholicism. His most recent book is a novel, Spirits Eat Ripe Papaya, set on an evangelical missionary base in the Philippines.

    Alon Tal is based in the Mitrani Department of Desert Ecology at Ben Gurion University and is a visiting professor at Stanford University. He is also chairman of Israel’s Green Movement party. He is an active member of the Shalheveth Macabim Conservative synagogue in his hometown of Modi’in, Israel. He earned his PhD at Harvard University where he served as an associate professor post graduation.

    David Teutsch is Director of the Center for Jewish Ethics and the Louis & Myra Wiener Professor of Contemporary Jewish Civilization at the Reconstructionist Rabbinical College, where he previously served as President for a decade. An honors graduate of Harvard University ordained by Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion, he earned his PhD in Social Systems Sciences at the Wharton School, where his dissertation dealt with organizational ethics. Rabbi Teutsch has served on the boards of over a dozen national and local organizations, including schools, synagogues, and magazines. A renowned lecturer, consultant and trainer, he has previously served as executive director of the Federation of Reconstructionist Congregations and Havurot, as program director of CLAL, and as a congregational rabbi. His most recent work, A Guide to Jewish Practice: Everyday Living won the 2011 Kraft Prize, the National Jewish Book Award for Contemporary Jewish Life and Practice.

    Tracy Sayuki Tiemeier is Associate Professor of Theological Studies at Loyola Marymount University (Los Angeles, CA). She received her PhD from Boston College in systematic theology and teaches and researches in the areas of comparative theology, Hinduism, Hindu-Christian dialogue, Asian and Asian American theology, and women in religion. She is also the co-chair of the Los Angeles Hindu-Catholic Dialogue.

    Al Tizon is an associate professor of holistic ministry at Palmer Theological Seminary of Eastern University and director of Word & Deed Network of Evangelicals for Social Action near Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He earned a PhD in Interdisciplinary Studies at the Graduate Theological Union in Berkeley, California. He splits his time between teaching and directing a program that assists churches, mission agencies, and community action groups in becoming more holistic in their community engagement. A scholar-activist, Dr. Tizon’s research and ministry have revolved around issues of community development, evangelization, urban ministry, contextualization, theology of mission, and Asian-American studies.

    Karma Lekshe Tsomo is a professor of Buddhist studies in the Department of Theology and Religious Studies at the University of San Diego. She received a PhD in Comparative Philosophy from the University of Hawai’i at Manoa, with research on death and identity in China and Tibet. She is a founder and past president of Sakyadhita: International Association of Buddhist Women and has helped co-coordinate thirteen international conferences on Buddhist women held in countries around Asia. She is founder and director of Jamyang Foundation, an educational initiative for girls and women in developing countries. She is the author of Sisters in Solitude: Two Traditions of Monastic Ethics for Women and editor of a number of books on Buddhist women.

    Gary VanderPol is Professor of Justice and Mission at Denver Seminary. He received a ThD from Boston University School of Theology. His dissertation, The Least of These: American Evangelical Parachurch Mission to the Poor, 1947–2005, narrated the growth of evangelical relief, development and justice work, and analyzed the portrayals of the poor in their discourse.

    Robert A. Watson served as National Commander of The Salvation Army in the United States from November 1, 1995 until August 31, 1999. In that role, he was Chairman and CEO of the Army in America, which has nearly 8,000 units of operation. As National Commander, Commissioner Watson was chief spokesman for the Army and the General in the United States. He traveled to more than fifty countries in Army service, served on the General’s Advisory Council, and as President of the 1999 High Council. Watson was commissioned as a Salvation Army Officer in 1955, following attendance at the Army’s College for Officer Training in Bronx, New York.

    Lovett H. Weems Jr. is distinguished professor of church leadership at Wesley Theological Seminary in Washington, DC. Ordained in the United Methodist Church, Weems previously was president of Saint Paul School of Theology in Kansas City, MO, and a pastor in Mississippi. He earned his Doctor of Ministry degree at Wesley Theological Seminary. He is author of Church Leadership: Vision, Team, Culture, and Integrity, Revised Edition (Abingdon Press, 2010).

    Daniel A. Weiner, Senior Rabbi of Temple De Hirsch Sinai since July 2001, strives to make community at the synagogue a “family of families.” Rabbi Weiner earned his master’s degree from the Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion. Rabbi Weiner served as the Assistant/ Associate Rabbi at Baltimore Hebrew Congregation, then as the Senior Rabbi of Temple Ohev Sholom in Harrisburg. Rabbi Weiner is an adjunct lecturer at Seattle University’s school of Theology and Ministry, and has published a book on the challenge of religious faith vs. personal spirituality entitled, Good God: Faith for the Rest of Us.

    Russell W. West is the Professor of Intercultural Leadership Education at Asbury Seminary School of World Mission and Evangelism near Lexington, Kentucky. He completed his PhD in Intercultural Communication from Regent University’s School of Communication. His professional career as a scholar and administrator has been invested in providing leadership and leadership education in higher education in Evangelical institutions in the United States and abroad.

    Barbara G. Wheeler is the director of the Center for the Study of Theological Education at Auburn Theological Seminary in New York, an institution she served as president for thirty years. She is a co-author of Being There: Culture and Formation in Two Theological Schools (Oxford University Press, 1997) and numerous articles and book chapters, as well as a series of research reports on theological education ( She is a ruling elder in the Presbyterian Church (USA) and has served on several national church committees and task forces.

    Marvin Whitaker is a PhD candidate at the University of Delaware in the Department of Political Science and International Relations. His PhD dissertation, Islamic Reform: A Return to Enlightenment, is primarily focused on complementary Islamic thought and reform. He is interested in studying and publishing on the Islamic concept of Ijtihad, and his recent article “Ijtihad: A Return to Enlightenment ” is to be published in The International Journal of Religion and Spirituality in Society, Vol. 2.

    Jason M. Wirth is a professor of philosophy at Seattle University, where he works and teaches in the areas of continental philosophy, Buddhist philosophy, aesthetics, and Africana philosophy. He earned his doctorate at Binghamton University. His many books and articles include his recent work The Conspiracy of Life: Meditations on Schelling and His Time (SUNY, 2003). He is the co-director of three philosophical societies: The Comparative and Continental Philosophy Circle (CCPC), The Pacific Association for the Continental Tradition (PACT), and the Schelling Society of North America (SSNA). Dr. Wirth is also an ordained So¯to¯ Zen priest and co-director of the Seattle University EcoSangha, a Zen practice group in Seattle.

    Scott Wright is the author of Oscar Romero and the Communion of Saints (Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books, 2010), and co-author with Marie Dennis and Renny Golden of Oscar Romero: Reflections on His Life and Writings (Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books, 2000). He worked as a Catholic lay missionary in El Salvador during the civil war in the 1980s. He currently works with survivors of torture at TASSC International in Washington, DC, and is on the National Council of Pax Christi USA.

    Barbara Brown Zikmund is a retired ordained minister in the United Church of Christ. For most of her professional life, she has taught courses about the history of women and the church. She holds a PhD from Duke University in American religious history. She was a faculty member at Chicago Theological Seminary in the 1970s, became Dean of the Faculty at Pacific School of Religion in the 1980s, and was President of Hartford Seminary in the 1990s. In 2001 she became a professor at the Graduate School of American Studies in Doshisha University (Kyoto, Japan). In retirement since 2005, she lives in Washington, DC, where she does adjunct teaching at Wesley Theological Seminary and is involved in several research and interfaith centers at Catholic University of America and Georgetown University. She was the first female president of the Association of Theological Schools (ATS) in the 1980s. In 2010 she authored a major study for ATS about the leadership of women (mostly Protestant) as deans and presidents in ATS schools.

    Dwight J. Zscheile is assistant professor of congregational mission and leadership at Luther Seminary, St. Paul, Minnesota, where he earned his PhD. An ordained Episcopal priest, he served as associate priest and executive pastor of several congregations. Dr. Zscheile has written several articles and chapters and has contributed to several books specifically around areas related to Trinitarian theologies, missional theologies and leadership, and formation for leadership in contemporary churches.

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