HCR–20 For Violence Risk Assessment

Kevin S. Douglas

In: Encyclopedia of Psychology and Law

HCR–20 For Violence Risk Assessment

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  • The HCR–20 Violence Risk Assessment Scheme is a 20-item violence risk assessment tool, accompanied by a 97-page user's manual. It is intended to structure clinical decisions about the risk for violence posed by adult forensic psychiatric patients, civil psychiatric patients, and criminal offenders (whether mentally disordered or not). The HCR–20 is relevant to the field of law and psychology because violence risk assessment is a psychological decision-making task that routinely transpires within legal and forensic settings. This entry describes the development, content, and conceptual basis of the HCR–20, its intended application, user qualifications, and a summary of evaluation research.

    Description and Use

    The 20 HCR–20 risk factors are dispersed across three scales: Historical (10 risk factors), Clinical (5 risk factors), and Risk Management (5 risk factors). The ...

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    • Criminal Competencies
    • Criminal Responsibility
    • Death Penalty
    • Divorce and Child Custody
    • Education and Professional Development
    • Eyewitness Memory
    • Forensic Assessment in Civil and Criminal Cases
    • Juvenile Offenders
    • Mental Health Law
    • Psychological and Forensic Assessment Instruments
    • Psychology of Criminal Behavior
    • Psychology of Policing and Investigations
    • Sentencing and Incarceration
    • Symptoms and Disorders Relevant to Forensic Assessment
    • Trial Processes
    • Victim Reactions to Crime
    • Violence Risk Assessment
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