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Steven K. Shapiro & Andrew L. Cohen

In: 21st Century Psychology: A Reference Handbook

Chapter 61: Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Myth or Mental Disorder?

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Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Myth or Mental Disorder?
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: Myth or mental disorder?

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is the current term in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR; American Psychiatric Association [APA], 2000; see Chapter 79 for a review of the DSM) to classify individuals exhibiting persistent, pervasive, developmentally inconsistent, and maladaptive levels of inattention and/or hyperactivity and impulsivity. ADHD is one of the most common referral concerns to health care providers and one of the most common childhood psychiatric disorders (Barkley, 2006). Evidence of ADHD symptomatology persisting beyond childhood has resulted in a dramatic increase in adult referrals and clinical/empirical literature involving this population. Literally hundreds of articles are published each year addressing a vast array of issues pertaining to this intriguing and sometimes ...

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